442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
img "Rev. Geo. Aki" (ddr-densho-201-383)
Caption on front: "Rev. Geo. Aki." Japanese American man posed next to a sign that reads "U.S. Military Cemetery at Castelfiorentino. Buried here are the honored dead. They deserve your respect and homage. Please be quiet! Do not walk in the cemetery when services are in progress. Pictures will not be taken. Do not touch ...
Four soldiers on a bridge (ddr-densho-201-100)
img Four soldiers on a bridge (ddr-densho-201-100)
Four Japanese American soldiers in uniform on a bridge. Caption on reverse: "Chick Kawata, Akira Washio, 'Blackie' Toyama, George Sakata."
img "Bows Out in Blaze of Glory" (ddr-densho-201-224)
Caption on front: "Bows Out In Blaze of Glory." Caption on side: "C. Company, Cpt. Walter Johnson, 1st Lt. Anthony Deluca, 1st Lt. Samuel Leibitz, 1st Lt. Bert Tanaka. Kenge Sakagami, Imoto, Omoto, Urada, Shikuma, Takahashi, Bob Sato, C. Co 442nd?"
Man standing at entrance of military area (ddr-densho-201-82)
img Man standing at entrance of military area (ddr-densho-201-82)
Man standing at entrance of military area. Sign reads, "All trucks stop, LKW halten!"
img "Leghorn Italy 'Paramount Theatre'" (ddr-densho-201-237)
Caption on front: "Leghorn [a.k.a. Livorno] Italy 'Paramount Theatre.' Went to see movie in Leghorn by the dirty canal. Kids swam in it."
Soldier in front of
img Soldier in front of "Sporthaus" (ddr-densho-201-188)
Soldier standing in front of a building that says "Sporthaus" ("sports house" or "sports shop") beside a sign written primarily in German designating maps and locations. Part of the Joch Pass, a mountain pass that runs through the Uri Alps in Switzerland.
Soldiers beside a military grave (ddr-densho-201-92)
img Soldiers beside a military grave (ddr-densho-201-92)
Two Japanese American soldiers crouched beside a military grave with flowers.
Guest card for Florence hotel (ddr-densho-201-265)
img Guest card for Florence hotel (ddr-densho-201-265)
"Hotel Majestic, Florence, Italy, Operated by Headquarters Command P.B.S. Transient Enlisted Personnel, Guest Card, This card must be presented for all meals. Expires 25/7/46, Room No. 16."
doc "442nd Combat Team; Go For Broke 1943-1945" (ddr-densho-201-406)
Fifty-three-page booklet. Title on cover: "442nd Combat Team; Go For Broke 1943-1945; Rome; Arno; North Apennines; Po Valley; Germany." Title page: "The Story of the 442nd Combat Team Composed of 442nd Infantry Regiment; 522nd Field Artillery Battalion; 232nd Combat Engineer Company...Published by Information - Education Section, MTOUSA [Mediterranean Theater of Operations, United States Army]; Compiled by ...
Japanese American soldiers in the Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-47)
img Japanese American soldiers in the Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-47)
Two Japanese American soldiers posed on the Joch Pass, a mountain pass through the Uri Alps in Switzerland. Caption on reverse: "Jiggs Uyeno."
Three soldiers standing outside tent (ddr-densho-201-370)
img Three soldiers standing outside tent (ddr-densho-201-370)
Caption on front: "Harry Sakamoto, George Miyahara, CALF[?]."
Soldier overlooking Florence cityscape (ddr-densho-201-218)
img Soldier overlooking Florence cityscape (ddr-densho-201-218)
Japanese American soldier looking out a window over a cityscape in Florence, Italy. Printed on reverse: "ferrania" (a maker of Italian photographic film).
img "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Gang plank going up." (ddr-densho-201-362)
Crowded ship in dock. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Gang plank going up."
Soldiers at ship's rail (ddr-densho-201-144)
img Soldiers at ship's rail (ddr-densho-201-144)
Japanese American soldiers standing at the rail of a ship. Caption on front: "Sanuki, Tamura, Kodama."
Three men waving out a window (ddr-densho-201-365)
img Three men waving out a window (ddr-densho-201-365)
Three men waving out a window. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Kariya, Sakuma, Fujinami."
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