442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Masao Watanabe Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-103-33)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-103-33)
Feelings on high casualties suffered

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-103-30)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-103-30)
Description of role in platoon

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-40-19)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-40-19)
Thoughts while en route to fight in Europe

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service ...

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 51 (ddr-densho-1000-92-51)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 51 (ddr-densho-1000-92-51)
General Mark Clark admits that the 442nd Regimental Combat Team was unfairly sent into too many battles

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1000-92-32)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1000-92-32)
The effect of racism on the Nisei soldiers

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Minoru
vh Minoru "Min" Tsubota Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-149-37)
Most frightening moment; being wounded, then leaving the field hospital without permission to rejoin unit
Sadaichi Kubota Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-40-22)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-40-22)
Admiration develops for the 100th Infantry Battalion

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-40-24)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-40-24)
Willingness to do anything to win the battle

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service ...

Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-105-3)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-105-3)
The call for volunteers in Hawaii: joining the U.S. Army

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-138-10)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-138-10)
Volunteering on the last possible day, early memories of basic training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-138-26)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-138-26)
Thoughts on the camaraderie between fellow soldiers, keeping in contact many years after the war

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had ...

Bill Thompson Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-90-16)
vh Bill Thompson Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-90-16)
The spirit of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during ...

Mits Takahashi Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-207-23)
vh Mits Takahashi Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-207-23)
Observing the 442nd RCT after the Battle of the Lost Battalion: "They looked like insane people"
Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-138-11)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-138-11)
First encounter with Nisei from Hawaii: overcoming the language difficulties

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own ...

Masao Watanabe Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-103-18)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-103-18)
Deciding to volunteer for the army: "I don't know which was worse: being locked up in camp or going off to war"

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-103-23)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-103-23)
Getting along with soldiers from Hawaii

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Daniel Inouye Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-28-9)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-28-9)
Traveling through the South as a Japanese American GI: "You will be considered white"

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-28-10)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-28-10)
Bridging the rift between the Hawaii and mainland Japanese Americans, and learning about the concentration camps for the first time

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-28-11)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-28-11)
Fighting for the 442nd Regimental Combat Team: a segregated unit

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-28-1)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-28-1)
The 442nd Regimental Combat Team, a special breed

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length than ...

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-92-43)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-92-43)
Hearing about Hawaiian Nisei soldiers' visit to the incarceration campsfrom the mainland

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Fred Matsumura Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-46-17)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-46-17)
Memories of the first few days of fighting

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Minoru
vh Minoru "Min" Tsubota Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-149-36)
Description of "senninbari," a symbolic cloth belt made by mother to ensure safety in wartime
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