442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 11 (December, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 11 (December, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-23)
Holiday issue organized into sections A 1-36, B 1-56, and A 37-64. Selected article titles: "Who Were the Japanese Americans?" (pp. A15-A16), "'Ethnicity: Please Check One'" (p. A18), "MIS: The Untold Stories" (pp. A34-A35, A37, A39, A41-A42), and "A Bill of Rights for Asserting a Multiracial Identity" (pp. B6-B7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 15 (April 18, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 15 (April 18, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-15)
Selected article titles: "Nikkei City Council Candidates Say They Were Smeared by Opponents" (pp. 1, 12), "Mother Bids Final Farewell to Soldier" (p. 2), "East Wind: Some Musings from Japan" (p. 4), and "Accept Us for Ourselves" (p. 5).
News article on Nisei troops (ddr-densho-299-71)
doc News article on Nisei troops (ddr-densho-299-71)
Article title: "Yanks of Jap Descent Are Fighting In The Vosges."
Command post on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-74)
img Command post on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-74)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American unit moves into a new command post which was built for them by the U.S. Army Engineers. This unit is holding a strategic front line position. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers sorting confiscated goods (ddr-densho-114-23)
img Nisei soldiers sorting confiscated goods (ddr-densho-114-23)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. Confiscated material goes into a trailer which is run down a line of material at the Fifth Army Concentration Area. L to R: Pvt. George Nasuschige, Company C, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, of Poston Arizona and Pfc. Masao Irana of Company "D", 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment of Honolulu, Hawaii ...
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii, and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
img Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American machine gunner keeps himself ready for a sight of a German. His unit composed, entirely of Japanese-Americans, are holding a section of the front lines. Company F. 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-86)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-86)
Original caption: Cecina Area, Italy. The 2nd Battalion of the 442nd Inf. Regt., an American-Japanese unit, gathers in a memorial service for their comrades who have died in combat. Lt. Col. James M. Hanley, Commander, addresses the battalion. 5th Army. 1944.
French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
img French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
This monument in Biffontaine, France, was built and donated by Jean Bianchetti in remembrance of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-99)
img Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-99)
Original caption: A group of five Hawaiian-American soldiers of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., move up in the battle for Leghorn in a captured German jeep. American born Japanese composing the 442nd Inf. Regt., have established an outstanding record with the international Fifth Army - educated in West Coast schools, and numbering skilled ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team soldier in action (ddr-densho-114-26)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldier in action (ddr-densho-114-26)
Original caption: Japanese-American infantrymen move into action in a hilly sector of France. 10/24/44. Bruyeres.
Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
img Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
Original caption: Two members of the Free French of the Interior, act as guides for man of the Japanese-American Combat Team in France, 2nd Lt. Arthur McColl of Chicago, Ill., (not in this picture,) stands in front of a jeep driven by Pfc. William I. Soma, of Kealia, Hawaii. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat ...
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss., Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as a Army Combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
img Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
Original caption: Sand Island, Honolulu. Pvt. Harry Koka of Ewa, Oahu, T.H., is awarded the Purple Heart by Col. Ernst T. Barco, CO, AP & SC. He was wounded while fighting with the famed 100th Infantry in the Italian Campaign. 6 June 1945.
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-115)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-115)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training ...
A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
img A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
Original caption: Honolulu, T. H. The Silver Star Medal is posthumously awarded Sgt. Charles K. Harada of 936 Wahikiki St., Honolulu, T. H. for gallantry in action near Castellina, Italy, 12 July 1944, with Co. G, 442nd Inf. Here the presentation has been made to his mother, Mrs. Hana Harada, by Chaplain (Col.) Corwin W. Olds ...
Jim Tateoka and Masao Sakagami in Europe (ddr-densho-328-61)
img Jim Tateoka and Masao Sakagami in Europe (ddr-densho-328-61)
Caption in album: "Overseas Snaps / 1944 / Jim Tateoka and / Masa."
Nisei veterans news (ddr-densho-325-109)
doc Nisei veterans news (ddr-densho-325-109)
Eighteen Nisei veterans and their spouses met for a reunion on April 7, 1995. These eighteen men had all been stationed at Camp Grant, Illinois in 1941-1942. From there the group separated some attending combat infantry training at Camp Blanding, Florida and then to the 442nd Regimental Combat Team in Europe and others like Sumito Horiuchi ...
Correspondence and clippings regarding donation of an article (ddr-densho-338-136)
doc Correspondence and clippings regarding donation of an article (ddr-densho-338-136)
Correspondence between the National Japanese American Historical Society and Guyo Tajiri regarding her donation of a 1947 Pacific Citizen article titled: "A French Town Remembers Its Nisei Liberators."
doc "Nisei in Uniform" (ddr-densho-155-19)
Publication of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the War Relocation Authority in collaboration with the War Department.
Masao Murata in uniform (ddr-manz-4-20)
img Masao Murata in uniform (ddr-manz-4-20)
Caption: "To / Rev. Nagatomi / Sincerely yours, / Masao Murata / July 1st 1942."
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