442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-328)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-328)
Various newspaper articles on Japanese American soldiers, including one from Coronet Magazine titled: "Japanese Americans Fighting Valiantly in Italy Have Proved Their Loyalty With Blood." Other newspapers unknown.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-29)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-29)
Original WRA caption: A squad fresh from fighting on the Volturno front huddles around a cook fire in an olive grove to await mess. They trade their flour to other outfits for rice.
Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-37-660)
img Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-37-660)
Original WRA caption: Ready to report to Ft. Douglas for their first step toward a "fighting life", nine men are shown in their civilian clothes for the last time for the duration. They are, standing, left to right, Yoshio Terada, Frank Yaguchi, John Sadanaga, Ken Namba; seated, Hit Kanzaki, Mitsuru Takahashi, Roy Akabe, Johnny Uno, and ...
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-65)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-65)
Nisei soldier's caption: Supposed to be hunting for legumes. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-31)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-31)
Nisei soldier's caption: St. Sauveur, Able Co. location.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-23)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-23)
Nisei soldier's caption: Staging area, Marseilles. Cleaning their rifles. We sure needed them later.
The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-1)
img The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-1)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Anzio Express. The big German Railway gun, left behind by the enemy as we overrun Rome from Anzio. This guy was used to shell our positions at the beach. Picture taken in June 1944 in Civitavecchia, north of Rome.
Nisei soldiers in review (ddr-densho-164-86)
img Nisei soldiers in review (ddr-densho-164-86)
Nisei soldier's caption: Review in Ghedi. Went to Ghedi where we camped out in a bare flat plain and went thru the processing prisoners. Took care of around 80,000 and then our first large batch of original 100th men left us. And also joined by a replacement of some 400.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-95)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-95)
Nisei soldier's caption: Lake Como and in the background Lecco.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-85)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-85)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pontoon bridge across Po. On our way to Ghedi we crossed this bridge some 1/4 mile long.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-73)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-73)
Nisei soldier's caption: Apennines. Our boys advancing hills after hills. In April again we finally hit Italy and took part in the final drive to clear Italy of the jerries. Hill Georgia Ohio 1.2.3. will never be forgotten. Our outfit fought with the 92nd, a Negro outfit, who were doing everything but killing jerries. Scared of ...
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-76)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-76)
Nisei soldier's caption: Entering an Italian village.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-78)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-78)
Nisei soldier's caption: Margioso, Ham near a house. Germans surrenders in Italy, Finito La Guerra. After running all over Northern Italy the victory was in sight for us. The Germans finally gave up May 1945. What a relief it was, no more fighting. Now what we were going to do was a big question. After a ...
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-66)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-66)
Nisei soldier's caption: The gang. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
Nisei soldiers leading mules (ddr-densho-164-39)
img Nisei soldiers leading mules (ddr-densho-164-39)
Nisei soldier's caption: Mule skinners. Charlie Co. were really in the hills. All supplies being brought up by mules went up to operate our radio and lead one of these critters. But halfway up I had the mule drag me. Lucky that my animal was tame enough not to mind.
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-59)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-59)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to another hotel, the ...
Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-18)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-18)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pompeii. This city was buried way back when Mt. Vesuvius erupted.
Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-17)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-17)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pompeii. This city was buried way back when Mt. Vesuvius erupted.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-123)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-123)
Nisei soldier's caption: Victory Arch. We were able to visit Milan quite often from Ghedi and Lecco.
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-70)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-70)
Nisei soldier's caption: Taking it easy Massena Square. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
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