Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

540 items
Camp buildings with dust cloud (ddr-csujad-26-69)
img Camp buildings with dust cloud (ddr-csujad-26-69)
Camp barracks buildings line a road with dust cloud. People can be seen in front of the buildings in distance. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_006
Japanese couple (ddr-csujad-26-124)
img Japanese couple (ddr-csujad-26-124)
Photo of a Japanese American couple wearing crucifix pins pose outdoors. A crowd is in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_093
Cooperatively owned canteen (ddr-csujad-26-130)
img Cooperatively owned canteen (ddr-csujad-26-130)
Photo of people working and shopping inside a canteen. Goods are seen divided by type. Verso reads "cooperatively owned canteen." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_100
Landscape with barracks building (ddr-csujad-26-121)
img Landscape with barracks building (ddr-csujad-26-121)
Photo of the desert landscape with a portion of a barracks building. Leftover wood crates are stacked next to the building while the camp border fence can be sen in the distance. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_090
Woman and young men (ddr-csujad-26-82)
img Woman and young men (ddr-csujad-26-82)
A Caucasian woman and three young Japanese American men pose in front of a barracks building. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_019
People gathering around a vehicle covered in baggage (ddr-csujad-26-91)
img People gathering around a vehicle covered in baggage (ddr-csujad-26-91)
Group of people, including men with bicycles, gather around a vehicle with baggage tied to the roof. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_028
Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama and Miriam Koyama (ddr-one-5-37)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, and daughter, Miriam Kiyo Koyama. Postmarked October 6, 1942. To the left of the postmark “Oct 11, 1942,” is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp from Camp Livingston. Inside the envelope are ...
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Lois (ddr-one-5-48)
Seven page letter to Kei Koyama from Lois at Minidoka dated March 8, 1943. The pages are thin and have water damage. The letter talks about religion (Buddhism and Christianity), the different between Nisei and Kibei, and many other topics about daily life at Minidoka.
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Eva Koyama (ddr-one-5-38)
Letter dated Oct 5, 1942, to Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from his daughter, Eva Koyama. In the letter Eva writes about life at Minidoka: Shin came to visit, school is starting soon, Mr. Mita's funeral, lunch, and Girl Scouts. Eva sends her regards to Dr. Tanaka and Mr. Ikeya.
Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
doc Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
Oral history interview with Jane Tomeko Sugimura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sugimura, Jane Tomeko
Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
doc Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
Oral history interview with Takano Okajima. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Okajima, Takano
Yoneko Takimoto oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-17)
av Yoneko Takimoto oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-17)
Oral history of Yoneko Takimoto, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-21
Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-16)
av Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-16)
Oral history of Ritsuo Takeuchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-20
Fusaye Ohara oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-12)
av Fusaye Ohara oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-12)
Oral history of Fusaye [Fusae] Ohara, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-15
Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-13)
vh Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-13)
Oral history of Bo Sakaguchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-16
Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
doc Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
Program for a play/concert put on by high school students at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Rhythm Show Program
Housing Barracks (ddr-csujad-13-19)
img Housing Barracks (ddr-csujad-13-19)
A distant view of housing barracks inside Tulelake with a handwritten caption at the bottom of the photograph that reads, "Jap quarters Tulelake." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_014
Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-8)
img Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-8)
An inscription was placed on a mountain side that reads, "1943 Aug. 31 Katsumi Sato, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Masato Nakashima, Kiyoshi Fukumitsu Paint Crew." Caption on back of photograph reads, "inscription at top of highest peak by Japs during Christian gathering in Aug 43. Japs inscription is only date of gathering." See this object in the California ...
View of Buildings at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-15)
img View of Buildings at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-15)
A row of barracks or some other structures at the Tule Lake incarceration camp are photographed from inside a vehicle. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Cruising along streets of Camp Tulelake during Jap disturbance in Nov. 43." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_010
Incarcerees Digging (ddr-csujad-13-6)
img Incarcerees Digging (ddr-csujad-13-6)
A group of people are photographed digging in the ground in a large expanse of land inside the Tule Lake incarceration camp. The housing barracks or some of type of structure are also pictured in the distance. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Jap inmates [sifting] to collect stones to make necklaces. Tulelake Calif (Nov 43 ...
Another Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-9)
img Another Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-9)
This inscription on a hill overlooking the Tule Lake incarceration camp may be another view of the same inscription as the photograph from item csudh_tul_0008. The names inscribed appear to be, "Katsumi Sato, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Masato Nakashima, Kiyoshi Fukumitsu Paint Crew." The caption on back of photograph reads, "Another inscription by Japs at peak overlooking camp ...
National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-174)
doc National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-174)
A flyer for a tribute to Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy," on February 21, 1998. The event was put on by the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_01_007
Letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn, July 23, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-208)
doc Letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn, July 23, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-208)
A letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn. The letter is a response to Weglyn's 1988 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), regarding records on the Japanese American Citizenship League (JACL). See this object in the ...
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, August 29, 1989 (ddr-csujad-24-10)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, August 29, 1989 (ddr-csujad-24-10)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about Debra Lim, Frank Emi, and writing a piece for the Heart Mountain reunion. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_010
Letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-35)
doc Letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-35)
A letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn thanking her for her letter and praising her courage for writing "Years of Infamy." Koshiyama also discusses both their experiences being incarcerated during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_035
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