Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (300)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

300 items
Japanese American woman wearing a dress (ddr-densho-362-45)
img Japanese American woman wearing a dress (ddr-densho-362-45)
Picture of a young women wearing a dress with a floral design. An open field with camp cabins appear in the background.
Japanese American man and woman (ddr-densho-362-16)
img Japanese American man and woman (ddr-densho-362-16)
A Japanese American man and woman stand side by side. A number of camp cabins appear in the background.
Six Japanese Americans at railroad crossing (ddr-densho-362-42)
img Six Japanese Americans at railroad crossing (ddr-densho-362-42)
Two men, two women and two girls gather together near train tracks for a group photo.
Four young girls and a woman with an umbrella (ddr-densho-362-33)
img Four young girls and a woman with an umbrella (ddr-densho-362-33)
Four young girls and a woman with an umbrella stand sideways in a row in an open field.
Group photo of two women, one man, and a young girl in open field (ddr-densho-362-37)
img Group photo of two women, one man, and a young girl in open field (ddr-densho-362-37)
Two women, one man, and a young girl stand in a row for a group photo in an open field. Both women wear white dresses.
A Japanese American woman and girl pose for camera (ddr-densho-362-5)
img A Japanese American woman and girl pose for camera (ddr-densho-362-5)
A young woman and young girl stand and pose together looking into the camera. The woman wraps her arm around the girl. Heart Mountain housing appear in the background.
Two Japanese American boys work on a project (ddr-densho-362-19)
img Two Japanese American boys work on a project (ddr-densho-362-19)
Tom Konishi works on cutting out a design on a machine with another young man.
Five Japanese Americans in front of D-C building (ddr-densho-362-15)
img Five Japanese Americans in front of D-C building (ddr-densho-362-15)
Two men, two women, and a child stand together in front of a building with a sign that reads "D-C". The Konishi family lived at 12-11 C.
Japanese American woman and girl walk into the distance (ddr-densho-362-43)
img Japanese American woman and girl walk into the distance (ddr-densho-362-43)
A woman and girl walk up a trail with their backs towards the camera. A long road lays before them.
Group photo of two women, one man, and a young girl (ddr-densho-362-34)
img Group photo of two women, one man, and a young girl (ddr-densho-362-34)
Two women, one man, and a young girl stand in a row for a group photo in an open field. One of the women has long hair and wears a black dress.
Gila River camp (ddr-densho-371-2)
img Gila River camp (ddr-densho-371-2)
A photo of the Gila River concentration camp in Arizona. Caption on back: "Concentration camp, Gila, Arizona, 1942"
Outside the Barracks (ddr-densho-258-127)
img Outside the Barracks (ddr-densho-258-127)
Two men stand outside a barracks, one in a military uniform. Caption below: "[illegible] & Yukio Tanaka."
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944). Envelope is postmarked April 1, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
Handwritten letter written by Tomoko Ikeda to Molly Wilson, June 10, 1942. Letter was written from an assembly center or a relocation center, and mentions adjusting to food in center and missing school.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-107)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-107)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 26, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-54)
doc Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-54)
Christmas card to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944). Blue/brown card with illustration in brown/red/green of the Three Wise Men on camels following the North Star. Envelope is postmarked December 23, 1944 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 7, 1943 from the Gila River Incarceration Camp in Rivers, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945) (ddr-janm-1-116)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945) (ddr-janm-1-116)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945). Envelope is postmarked January 20, 1945 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943). Envelope is postmarked February 17, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-49)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-49)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 10, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-96)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-96)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943). Envelope is postmarked August 11, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from  Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 9, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
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