Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

592 items
Ordinance no. 1 (ddr-csujad-7-28)
doc Ordinance no. 1 (ddr-csujad-7-28)
An ordinance regulating offenses (crimes) in the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Ordinance_NO1
Amache directory (ddr-csujad-7-17)
doc Amache directory (ddr-csujad-7-17)
Directory of the administrative and education staff and incarcerees at the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Amache Directory
Amache summer carnival program (ddr-csujad-7-18)
doc Amache summer carnival program (ddr-csujad-7-18)
Program listing events and showing locations for a carnival put on by the incarcerees at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Amache Summer Carnival
O-OP canteen sale (ddr-csujad-7-22)
doc O-OP canteen sale (ddr-csujad-7-22)
Advertisement for sale at the camp's commisary. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Canteen_Sale_P01
Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
doc Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
Program for a play/concert put on by high school students at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Rhythm Show Program
Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
doc Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
Oral history interview with Kou Uyemaruko [Ko Uemaruko]. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Uyemaruko, Kou
Torao Ty Arifuku (ddr-csujad-8-6)
doc Torao Ty Arifuku (ddr-csujad-8-6)
Oral history interview with Torao Ty Arifuku. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Arifuku, Torao Ty
Alice Hatsuye Hirata (ddr-csujad-8-89)
doc Alice Hatsuye Hirata (ddr-csujad-8-89)
Oral history interview with Alice Hatsuye [Hatsue] Hirata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hirata, Alice
Tazu Kawamoto with her friend (ddr-csujad-11-193)
img Tazu Kawamoto with her friend (ddr-csujad-11-193)
A photograph of Tazu Kawamoto posing with a friend. This photograph appears to be taken inside the Gila River incarceration camp. From page 75 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_75_001
Tazu and Chisano Kawamoto (ddr-csujad-11-199)
img Tazu and Chisano Kawamoto (ddr-csujad-11-199)
Photographed are Tazu Kawamoto posing with another woman, perhaps her mother, Chisano Kawamoto. This photograph might have been taken at the Gila River incarceration camp, Arizona. From page 80 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_80_001
Tazu Kawamoto and friend (ddr-csujad-11-191)
img Tazu Kawamoto and friend (ddr-csujad-11-191)
A photograph of Tazu Kawamoto sitting in the grass with another friend. This photograph appears to be taken inside the Gila River incarceration camp. From page 74 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_74_001
Gila River (ddr-csujad-11-184)
img Gila River (ddr-csujad-11-184)
A group photo taken at the Gila River incarceration camp, Arizona. Includes Tazu Kawamoto. From page 69 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_69_001
Gila River, blk 16 (ddr-csujad-11-186)
img Gila River, blk 16 (ddr-csujad-11-186)
A group photo taken at the Gila River incarceration camp, Arizona. Photographed are incarcerees in block 16. From page 70 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_70_001
Soldiers and Incarcerees (ddr-csujad-13-2)
img Soldiers and Incarcerees (ddr-csujad-13-2)
In this photo, two soldiers holding guns are seen surrounding at least one incarceree as well as a man who appears to be addressed as a chef or kitchen worker. The caption on back of photograph reads, "Major [illegible] + social worker during disturbance in Jap area. [illegible]2 armed E.M.E. [illegible] standing by for possible difficulty." ...
Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-8)
img Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-8)
An inscription was placed on a mountain side that reads, "1943 Aug. 31 Katsumi Sato, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Masato Nakashima, Kiyoshi Fukumitsu Paint Crew." Caption on back of photograph reads, "inscription at top of highest peak by Japs during Christian gathering in Aug 43. Japs inscription is only date of gathering." See this object in the California ...
View of Buildings at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-15)
img View of Buildings at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-15)
A row of barracks or some other structures at the Tule Lake incarceration camp are photographed from inside a vehicle. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Cruising along streets of Camp Tulelake during Jap disturbance in Nov. 43." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_010
Incarcerees of Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-13-16)
img Incarcerees of Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-13-16)
The photograph depicts people walking in the distance towards some structures in the Tule Lake incarceration camp. The caption on back of photograph reads, "Japs just about to enter stockade under guard." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_011
Landscape (ddr-csujad-13-5)
img Landscape (ddr-csujad-13-5)
A landscape photograph depicts the area surrounding the Tule Lake incarceration camp. The caption on back of photograph reads, "View from hill tops and surrounding Tulelake Camp in Calif. (43)." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_032
Housing Barracks (ddr-csujad-13-19)
img Housing Barracks (ddr-csujad-13-19)
A distant view of housing barracks inside Tulelake with a handwritten caption at the bottom of the photograph that reads, "Jap quarters Tulelake." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_014
Photograph from Inside a Vehicle (ddr-csujad-13-10)
img Photograph from Inside a Vehicle (ddr-csujad-13-10)
A photograph taken from inside a vehicle at the Tule Lake incarceration camp. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Japs walking on their streets during disturbance. Nov 43. Tulelake Calif." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_005
Soldiers in Uniform (ddr-csujad-13-24)
img Soldiers in Uniform (ddr-csujad-13-24)
A group of soldiers pose together in uniform. The caption on front of photograph reads, "Town Patrol." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_019
View of Camp from a Vehicle (ddr-csujad-13-3)
img View of Camp from a Vehicle (ddr-csujad-13-3)
A photograph that appears to have been taken from inside a vehicle. A row of barracks or some other structures are in view as well as another vehicle and a group of incarcerees. According to the caption on back of photograph, this photo depicts, "Evacuating loyal Japs [500 of 16,000] whose lives were in danger. They ...
Distant View of a Group of People and Building (ddr-csujad-13-17)
img Distant View of a Group of People and Building (ddr-csujad-13-17)
This photograph depicts a group of people standing together with a building structure in the background at the Tule Lake incarceration camp. According to the caption on back of photograph, which reads, "Disloyal Japs who were [cuffed] up when they first refused to answer inquires of [army] questioning. Leaving [them back] to stockade under guard," this ...
Another Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-9)
img Another Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-9)
This inscription on a hill overlooking the Tule Lake incarceration camp may be another view of the same inscription as the photograph from item csudh_tul_0008. The names inscribed appear to be, "Katsumi Sato, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Masato Nakashima, Kiyoshi Fukumitsu Paint Crew." The caption on back of photograph reads, "Another inscription by Japs at peak overlooking camp ...
Caravan of Military Vehicles (ddr-csujad-13-22)
img Caravan of Military Vehicles (ddr-csujad-13-22)
This photograph depicts a caravan of military vehicles and men. The caption on front of photograph reads, "Parked for Lunch Nov 43." As indicated by the photographs in items csudh_tul_0020 and csudh_tul_021, these men are on their way to the Tule Lake incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
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