Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (553)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

552 items
Tule Lake military police station (ddr-densho-345-98)
img Tule Lake military police station (ddr-densho-345-98)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Soaking tubs in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-110)
img Soaking tubs in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-110)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The soaking tubs were constructed by the internees.
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-102)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-102)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-84)
img Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-84)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Two Japanese America girls play (ddr-densho-362-1)
img Two Japanese America girls play (ddr-densho-362-1)
Two Japanese American girls play. One squats on the ground while the other girl stands holding her hands out. A house stands in the background.
Japanese American girl toddler crawling (ddr-densho-362-47)
img Japanese American girl toddler crawling (ddr-densho-362-47)
A girl toddler with pigtails crawls with both hands on the ground. An open field and mountain appears in the background.
Large group of men and women in front of a camp building (ddr-densho-362-29)
img Large group of men and women in front of a camp building (ddr-densho-362-29)
A large group of men and women gather in front of a building for a group photo. Japanese writing is on the front of the photograph.
Two women standing (ddr-densho-321-88)
img Two women standing (ddr-densho-321-88)
Fuzy and another woman at Heart Mountain concentration camp.
Two women standing (ddr-densho-321-89)
img Two women standing (ddr-densho-321-89)
Fuzy and another woman at Heart Mountain concentration camp.
Japanese American school children group picture II (ddr-densho-362-22)
img Japanese American school children group picture II (ddr-densho-362-22)
Children gather together for a group photo in front of a building. Children's age around 5-6 years of age.
Japanese American woman with blazer in an open field (ddr-densho-362-44)
img Japanese American woman with blazer in an open field (ddr-densho-362-44)
Picture of a young women wearing a blazer. An open field is in the background.
Japanese American man, woman, and three girls group photo (ddr-densho-362-46)
img Japanese American man, woman, and three girls group photo (ddr-densho-362-46)
A man, woman, and 3 young girls gather together for a group picture in an open field. A crowd of people are in the background.
Two Japanese American girls pose for photo (ddr-densho-362-3)
img Two Japanese American girls pose for photo (ddr-densho-362-3)
Two Japanese American girls sit for a picture with arms around each other.
Four Japanese Americans in an open field (ddr-densho-362-14)
img Four Japanese Americans in an open field (ddr-densho-362-14)
A group of two men and two women stand together near an open field.
Japanese American woman and girl with hat stand together in open field (ddr-densho-362-54)
img Japanese American woman and girl with hat stand together in open field (ddr-densho-362-54)
A young women and girl holding a hat stand together in an open field looking off into the distance.
Postcard featuring aerial view of Heart Mountain camp (ddr-densho-362-23)
doc Postcard featuring aerial view of Heart Mountain camp (ddr-densho-362-23)
Overhead aerial look of Heart Mountain buildings. The postcard is addressed to Mr. and Mrs. Konishi at 12-11 Heart Mountain Wyoming. The postcard was delivered from Missoula, Montana dated August 29, 1943. The greeting is handwritten in Japanese.
Japanese American women wearing aprons (ddr-densho-362-9)
img Japanese American women wearing aprons (ddr-densho-362-9)
A large group of women wearing aprons/ uniforms gather together to pose for a photograph in front of a building.
Ten Japanese American women group photo (ddr-densho-362-20)
img Ten Japanese American women group photo (ddr-densho-362-20)
Ten Japanese American women gather for a group picture. A camp building appears in the background.
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-57)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Dentention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama. Postmarked Jun 17, 1943. In red pencil β€œ6/23/43” is written above the address. Inside is a letter about a recent trip to Idaho Falls for shopping. Teru bought some fabric to make some new dresses and she bought ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Yoshi Sato (ddr-one-5-42)
Envelope addressed to Mr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from Yoshio Sato at Minidoka. Postmarked November 11, 1942. In red pencil β€œDec 15, 42” is written. Along the right edge of the envelope is a white sticker, on the back side of the envelope it reads "U.S.A. 269." Inside the envelope is a letter ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from T. Sumi (ddr-one-5-73)
Envelope addressed to Dr. K. Koyama at the Santa Fe Detention Station from T. Sumi at Heart Mountain. Postmarked Nov 15, 1943. On the right edge is a staple to seal the opening. Inside is a letter written in Japanese. On the right side of the letter is an "EXAMINED" stamp. The letter has not been ...
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