Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

592 items
Incarcerees Digging (ddr-csujad-13-6)
img Incarcerees Digging (ddr-csujad-13-6)
A group of people are photographed digging in the ground in a large expanse of land inside the Tule Lake incarceration camp. The housing barracks or some of type of structure are also pictured in the distance. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Jap inmates [sifting] to collect stones to make necklaces. Tulelake Calif (Nov 43)" ...
Man at an Overlook (ddr-csujad-13-13)
img Man at an Overlook (ddr-csujad-13-13)
The same man from the photograph in item csudh_tul_0012 is pictured at a different lookout point. The caption on the back of the photograph reads, "H.J.W. viewing surrounding area [with] field glasses overlooking Tulelake Jap internment camp in California." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_008
Woman Walking Away (ddr-csujad-13-1)
img Woman Walking Away (ddr-csujad-13-1)
A woman is photographed walking away from the photographer towards a building. The caption on the back of photograph reads, "Jap girl fleeing when about to snap picture. Took [some] anyway. Other girl got out of sight in time." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_028
Soldiers and Military Vehicles (ddr-csujad-13-20)
img Soldiers and Military Vehicles (ddr-csujad-13-20)
A group of soldiers stand together next to military vehicles. As the caption on front of photograph explains, they are, "On way to Tullelake Nov. 43." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_015
Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-4)
doc Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-4)
Fourth of four scrapbooks of clippings about Japanese American incarceration during World War II. Compiled by Eddie Muraoka. Other three scrapbooks are fond in items: csun_ems_001, csun_ems_002, and csun_ems_003. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: EMS_04
Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-2)
doc Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-2)
Second of four scrapbooks of clippings about Japanese American incarceration during World War II. Compiled by Eddie Muraoka. Other three scrapbooks are fond in items: csun_ems_001, csun_ems_003, and csun_ems_004. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: EMS_02
Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-3)
doc Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-3)
Third of four scrapbooks of clippings about Japanese American incarceration during World War II. Compiled by Eddie Muraoka. Other three scrapbooks are fond in items: csun_ems_001, csun_ems_002, and csun_ems_004. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: EMS_03
Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-1)
doc Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-1)
One of four scrapbooks of clippings about Japanese American incarceration during World War II. Compiled by Eddie Muraoka. Other three scrapbooks are fond in items: csun_ems_002, csun_ems_003, and csun_ems_004. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: EMS_01
Poston Community Enterprises remodling [remodeling] sale (ddr-csujad-16-1)
doc Poston Community Enterprises remodling [remodeling] sale (ddr-csujad-16-1)
Announcement for a "penny sale" held by the manager of Camp 1 Store 3, stating that Community Enterprises is soliciting people's patronage; includes a list of merchandise that customers' extra pennies would buy. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JAIC_01-14_01
'Jap Crow' Experiment (ddr-csujad-19-43)
doc 'Jap Crow' Experiment (ddr-csujad-19-43)
This is an article from the magazine "The Nation" by John Larison which discusses in detail about the living conditions of the "evacuees" in the war relocation centers. It talks about how the war relocation centers had only a few facilities for recreation, the low quality of education and the economic conditions of the people in ...
Letter from Henry [Katsumi] Fujita to Mr. and Mrs. Davis, October 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-14)
doc Letter from Henry [Katsumi] Fujita to Mr. and Mrs. Davis, October 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-14)
Describes in detail the long train ride from Sept. 15-18 between Merced and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp: the layout of the train cars, times to different towns, tunnels and coal smoke, eating and sleeping arrangements, military troops and equipment staged along the railway, desert scenery, late arrival at Amache, an extra night aboard the train, ...
Masonite (ddr-csujad-23-6)
img Masonite (ddr-csujad-23-6)
Oil Painting no. 2 of 2 "Masonite" by Geichiro Kare Kuramatsu. Geichiro (Ernest) Kare Kuramatsu was born in Japan in 1885 to a Russian mother and Japanese father. The family moved to Canada, and Ernest saw combat while serving with the Canadian Army in France during World War I. He completed this oil painting in 1943 ...
Little Americans with Japanese faces [Nancy Fujita and Gordon Nagai] (ddr-csujad-23-5)
img Little Americans with Japanese faces [Nancy Fujita and Gordon Nagai] (ddr-csujad-23-5)
A photograph of Nancy Kiyoko Fujita from Petaluma, California (Block 10-H, 12-C at Amache) and Gordon Nagai from Livingston, California (Block 10-H, 11-B at Amache) appeared in an issue of "Time" or known as "Time magazine" either in late 1943 or early 1944 along with an article discussing the resettlement issue. See this object in the ...
Gary and Nancy Fujita at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-23-4)
img Gary and Nancy Fujita at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-23-4)
Nancy Kiyoko Fujita and Gary Yoshio Fujita are older children of Henry and Ann Fujita. This 1943 photo appears to have been taken outside of the Fujita's apartment in Block 10-H at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: lp028-08-003
National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-175)
doc National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-175)
A flyer for a tribute to Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy," on February 21, 1998. The event was put on by the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn. The flyer includes acknowledgements and a schedule of events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ...
Michi N. Weglyn, 72, advocate for interned Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-24-126)
doc Michi N. Weglyn, 72, advocate for interned Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-24-126)
An obituary for Michi Weglyn written by Eric Page with a note from Kimmie Ito written on it. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_09_011
Letter from Allan R. Bosworth, Captain, U.S. Navy, to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-51)
doc Letter from Allan R. Bosworth, Captain, U.S. Navy, to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-51)
A letter from Allan R. Bosworth to Michi Weglyn in which Bosworth states that he will not read Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy: the Untold Story of America's Concentration Camps" because he believes that story has already been told. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_02_010
[Graduation speech by Michi Weglyn] (ddr-csujad-24-19)
doc [Graduation speech by Michi Weglyn] (ddr-csujad-24-19)
A graduation speech by Michi Weglyn explaining why she wrote "Years of Infamy." She also discusses Japanese American and Japanese Latin American internment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_019
Letter from Gary Okihiro, professor, Department of Asian American Studies at Cornell University to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-9)
doc Letter from Gary Okihiro, professor, Department of Asian American Studies at Cornell University to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-9)
A letter from Asian American studies professor Gary Okihiro to Michi Weglyn apologizing for a critical review he wrote of her book "Years of Infamy" in 1977. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_009
JA community mourns death of historian and activist Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-129)
doc JA community mourns death of historian and activist Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-129)
An obituary of Michi Weglyn written by her lifelong friend Sachi W. Seko and published in "Pacific Citizen," the newspaper of the Japanese American Citizens league (JACL). The article is an emotional tribute to Weglyn and a vivid description of the end of her life. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization ...
Letter from Herbert Nicholson to Michi Weglyn, October 30, 1980 (ddr-csujad-24-8)
doc Letter from Herbert Nicholson to Michi Weglyn, October 30, 1980 (ddr-csujad-24-8)
A letter from Herbert Nicholson to Michi Weglyn about his experiences working with other religious figures in the Manzanar incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_008
Michi Nishiura and Walter Weglyn Endowed Chair in Multicultural Studies (ddr-csujad-24-25)
doc Michi Nishiura and Walter Weglyn Endowed Chair in Multicultural Studies (ddr-csujad-24-25)
This brochure that explains the purpose of the Michi Nishiura and Walter Weglyn Endowed Chair in Multicultural Studies. The brochure includes a brief biography of Michi Weglyn and an assessment of the impact of her book "Years of Infamy." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_025
Letter from Monica Sone to Michi Weglyn, August 17, 1986 (ddr-csujad-24-42)
doc Letter from Monica Sone to Michi Weglyn, August 17, 1986 (ddr-csujad-24-42)
A letter from Monica Sone to Michi Weglyn in which describes the impact that Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy" had on her. Sone also talks about Frank Chin and his roll in the redress movement. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_02_001
Letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-35)
doc Letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-35)
A letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn thanking her for her letter and praising her courage for writing "Years of Infamy." Koshiyama also discusses both their experiences being incarcerated during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_035
Years of Infamy by Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-173)
doc Years of Infamy by Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-173)
A flyer for an event on February 21, 1998 celebrating Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy." The event was put on by the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_01_006
API