Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (553)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

552 items
Letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn, July 23, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-208)
doc Letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn, July 23, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-208)
A letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn. The letter is a response to Weglyn's 1988 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), regarding records on the Japanese American Citizenship League (JACL). See this object in the California State ...
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, August 29, 1989 (ddr-csujad-24-10)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, August 29, 1989 (ddr-csujad-24-10)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about Debra Lim, Frank Emi, and writing a piece for the Heart Mountain reunion. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_010
Letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-35)
doc Letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-35)
A letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn thanking her for her letter and praising her courage for writing "Years of Infamy." Koshiyama also discusses both their experiences being incarcerated during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_035
Years of Infamy by Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-173)
doc Years of Infamy by Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-173)
A flyer for an event on February 21, 1998 celebrating Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy." The event was put on by the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_01_006
Letter from [Frank] Chin to Paul [Tsuneishi], December 23, 1997 (ddr-csujad-24-178)
doc Letter from [Frank] Chin to Paul [Tsuneishi], December 23, 1997 (ddr-csujad-24-178)
A letter to Paul [Tsuneishi] from [Frank] Chin about planning the speakers and the media outreach for "Michi Day," the event to celebrate author Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_01_011
Remembering Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-131)
doc Remembering Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-131)
An obituary of Michi Weglyn written by her lifelong friend Sachi W. Seko and published in Japanese American newspaper "Rafu Shimpo" on April 27, 1999. The article is an emotional tribute to Weglyn and a vivid description of the end of her life. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ...
Letter from Michi and Walter Weglyn to Frank Chin, December 18, 1987 (ddr-csujad-24-34)
doc Letter from Michi and Walter Weglyn to Frank Chin, December 18, 1987 (ddr-csujad-24-34)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin discussing Asian American studies professor Gary Okihiro's critical review of Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy." Weglyn describes this review as "fronting for Roger Daniels." Weglyn criticizes a book called "Moses," presumably she is referring to the book "They Call Me Moses Masaoka" by Mike Masaoka and Bill Hosokawa, ...
Young women (ddr-csujad-26-142)
img Young women (ddr-csujad-26-142)
Four young Japanese American women pose with a Caucasian woman in front of an automobile. Barracks building is in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_112
Women pose in front of building (ddr-csujad-26-84)
img Women pose in front of building (ddr-csujad-26-84)
A group of young women pose in front of what may be the side of a barracks building. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_021
Chapter outlines (ddr-csujad-26-33)
doc Chapter outlines (ddr-csujad-26-33)
Outline of chapter topics relating to incarceration based on materials collected during the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_03_03_002
Family portrait (ddr-densho-359-1092)
img Family portrait (ddr-densho-359-1092)
A family poses at Manzanar Concentration Camp in California.
Gila River camp (ddr-densho-371-2)
img Gila River camp (ddr-densho-371-2)
A photo of the Gila River concentration camp in Arizona. Caption on back: "Concentration camp, Gila, Arizona, 1942"
Japanese American family (ddr-densho-26-47)
img Japanese American family (ddr-densho-26-47)
Yanagihara family at Minidoka Concentration Camp in Idaho.
[Leaflets related to Rohwer Arkansas Relocation Center] (ddr-csujad-1-48)
doc [Leaflets related to Rohwer Arkansas Relocation Center] (ddr-csujad-1-48)
Contains leaflets for "Rohwer and Jerome Relocation Centers" symposium sponsored by the Center for Arkansas Studies at University of Arkansas, Little Rock, in 1993 and Rohwer/Jerome monument dedication trip tour in 1992; and a letter from Nick Katsuki, Chairman, Rohwer Arkansas Relocation Center Research and Preservation Committee, in 1991. See this object in the California State ...
Relocation Center standard description, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) (ddr-csujad-2-77)
doc Relocation Center standard description, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) (ddr-csujad-2-77)
Description for Position #X-1007, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) includes general description, distinguishing features from other clerk positions, and examples of work. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0077
Report on Heart Mountain to Tule Lake transfer Sam Horino, leader of movement to challenge Selective Service for incarcerated Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-2-45)
doc Report on Heart Mountain to Tule Lake transfer Sam Horino, leader of movement to challenge Selective Service for incarcerated Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-2-45)
Informational report to Willard Schmidt about Sam Horino, an incarceree transferred from Heart Mountain Camp to Tule Lake Camp. Horino was accused of protesting the Selective Service program for incarcerated Japanese Americans and creating bulletins he posted throughout Heart Mountain Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0045
Report of the informal meeting of the stockade internees and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-2-68)
doc Report of the informal meeting of the stockade internees and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-2-68)
Report provides minutes of meeting requested by stockade incarcerees, listing the incarcerees, Co-ordinating Committee members, and others in attendance and presenting paraphrased text, identifying speakers by name. Topics addressed include incarcerees' difficulties in talking honestly, especially when they are spoken with in groups rather than individually; incarcerees' understanding of conditions in the camp outside of the ...
Letter from [Emiko Amy Terada] to Laura Thomas, September 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-17)
doc Letter from [Emiko Amy Terada] to Laura Thomas, September 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-17)
A letter to Laura Thomas, Lawndale, California. The letter was probably written by Emiko Amy Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, and enclosed in the same envelope along with the letter written by Usami Terada, which can be found at: csudh_nis_0017. The letter contains basic correspondence between the two individuals, talking about family members, ...
Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas, September 17, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-16)
doc Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas, September 17, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-16)
A letter from Usami Terada, an incarceree in the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Thomas in Lawndale, California. It is a condolence letter for their family members' passing. This letter also includes updates on: the weather in Arkansas, Usami's garden in the camp, and his younger brother, "Tsuyoshi." This letter is enclosed ...
Tule Lake fire (ddr-csujad-3-11)
img Tule Lake fire (ddr-csujad-3-11)
Photograph of firefighters and fire hoses in the foreground with flaming buildings flaming and smoking in the background. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_012
Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-17)
img Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-17)
Christmas card of Santa Claus presenting a landscape photo of the Tule Lake incarceration camp featuring a barbed wire fence, snow covered path to a gate leading outside camp to a railroad crossing, and a hillside. Card reads "Season's greetings." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_018
Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-15)
img Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-15)
Christmas card of Santa Claus presenting a photo of the Tule Lake incarceration camp featuring buildings, fencing, a snowy road, and vehicles. Card reads "Season's greetings." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_016
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