Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (300)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

300 items
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943). Envelope is postmarked February 17, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-96)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-96)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943). Envelope is postmarked August 11, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from  Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 9, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-55)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-55)
Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944). It is postmarked December 7, 1944 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-106)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-106)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943). Envelope is postmarked August 17, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-17)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-17)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943). Envelope is postmarked September 11, 1943 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-54)
doc Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-54)
Christmas card to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944). Blue/brown card with illustration in brown/red/green of the Three Wise Men on camels following the North Star. Envelope is postmarked December 23, 1944 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 7, 1943 from the Gila River Incarceration Camp in Rivers, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) (ddr-janm-1-58)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) (ddr-janm-1-58)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (June 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-94)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (June 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-94)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (June 8, 1942). Envelope is postmarked June 11, 1942 and addressed from Lillian Nishioka from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Valentine's Day card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (February 1943) (ddr-janm-1-14)
doc Valentine's Day card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (February 1943) (ddr-janm-1-14)
Valentine's Day card to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (February 1943). White/blue card with illustration in blue/red of two singing blue birds with a treble musical scale and red heart in the background. "A valentine message for you" is on the top center on front of card. Envelope is postmarked February 1943 from ...
Letter to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (c. 1942) (ddr-janm-1-95)
doc Letter to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (c. 1942) (ddr-janm-1-95)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (c. 1942) from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-47)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Minidoka. Postmarked Mar 8, 1943. In red pencil “Mar 19,1943” is written next to the postmark. In the upper right corner “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in black ink. Along the left edge of the envelope is clear ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from William Koyama (ddr-one-5-39)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his son William Koyama at Minidoka. Postmarked Oct 7, 1942. In red pencil “Oct. 10, 1942” is written below the postmark. On the front of the envelope is a purple stamp that reads “Censored/Camp Livingston/Interment Camp.” Inside is a letter, dated October 5, 1942 ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-45)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Dec 8, 1942. There is clear tape along the whole left edge. Japanese is written on the left side of the envelope. On the back of the envelope is a purple "RECEIVED" stamp with the date Jan 24, 1943 ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from William Koyama (ddr-one-5-64)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Santa Fe Detention Center from his son, William Koyama, at Minidoka. Envelope is postmarked August 3, 1943. In red pencil "8/10-43" is written above the receiver's information. The letter from William Koyama is yellowed and water-damaged. At the bottom of the letter is an "EXAMINED" stamp with ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-14)
White air mail envelope with a red, white and blue border. The envelope is addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Fort Sill from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 25, 1942. On the left side of the envelope, written in pencil, is “Censored 5/31/42” with initials below. Inside the ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-58)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Dentention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Jun 22, 1943. In the upper center “6/28-43” is written in red pencil. Inside the envelope was a letter, in the center of the header is an "Examined" stamp. In the letter Teru writes about being ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from T. Sumi (ddr-one-5-74)
Envelope addressed to Dr. K. Koyama at the Santa Fe Detention Station from T. Sumi at Heart Mountain. It is postmarked on Dec 6, 1943. A tear is visible on the right side of the envelope below the stamp. Inside the envelope is a letter in Japanese dated December 4th. In the lower left corner is ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-53)
Yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Minidoka. Envelope is postmarked Apr 23, 1943, with “Internee of War/Free Mail” handwritten in the upper right corner. Written in red pencil is "5/4/43." Along the left edge of the envelope is clear tape with the number ...
Foundation for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-116)
img Foundation for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-116)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-103)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-103)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower tops and military police station (ddr-densho-345-99)
img Tule Lake guard tower tops and military police station (ddr-densho-345-99)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The two guard tower tops and military police station were ...
Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-126)
img Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-126)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-96)
img Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-96)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
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