Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (299)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

299 items
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (August 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-27)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (August 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-27)
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (August 1, 1943). It is postmarked August 2, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (1942 - 1945) (ddr-janm-1-99)
doc Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (1942 - 1945) (ddr-janm-1-99)
Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (1942 - 1945). The postcard is not postmarked but it is from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sandie Saito (October 17, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-12)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sandie Saito (October 17, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-12)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (October 17, 1942). Envelope (addressed "Miss 'Flea' Wilson") is postmarked October 17, 1942 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (July 14, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-113)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (July 14, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-113)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (July 14, 1944). Envelope is postmarked July 19, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (July 7, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-97)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (July 7, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-97)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (July 7, 1942). Envelope is postmarked July 9, 1942 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 14, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-111)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 14, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-111)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 14, 1944). Envelope is postmarked May 15, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (July 5, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-59)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (July 5, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-59)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (July 5, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 6, 1943 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 30, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-63)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 30, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-63)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 30, 1942). Envelope is postmarked August 31, 1942 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Soul Corner cartoon about Tsuyako
doc Soul Corner cartoon about Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima (ddr-janm-4-3)
Xerox copy of a Soul Corner cartoon about Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima sharing her experience in camp during World War Two.
Poster for a Day of Remembrance event (February 16, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-25)
doc Poster for a Day of Remembrance event (February 16, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-25)
Two identical posters informing the public about a Day of Remembrance- Remembrance In Action: Continuing Our Fight For Civil Rights event (February 16, 1991).
Sewer opening and cover in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-113)
img Sewer opening and cover in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-113)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-83)
img Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-83)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Remolded internee barrack (ddr-densho-345-137)
img Remolded internee barrack (ddr-densho-345-137)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. A former Tule Lake internee barrack remolded into a single ...
Sewage treatment plant for Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-114)
img Sewage treatment plant for Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-114)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-134)
img Jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-134)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar main entrance (ddr-densho-345-78)
img Manzanar main entrance (ddr-densho-345-78)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
img Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
img Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. An aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp circa 1983 ...
Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
img Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
img Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
img Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
A Japanese American woman and girl look up into the sky (ddr-densho-362-4)
img A Japanese American woman and girl look up into the sky (ddr-densho-362-4)
A young Japanese American woman and girl look up into the sky. Heart Mountain housing stand in the background.
Group photo of two women and seventeen children (ddr-densho-362-31)
img Group photo of two women and seventeen children (ddr-densho-362-31)
Seventeen children and two women gather for a group picture. A camp building appears in the background.
Japanese American woman wearing a dress (ddr-densho-362-45)
img Japanese American woman wearing a dress (ddr-densho-362-45)
Picture of a young women wearing a dress with a floral design. An open field with camp cabins appear in the background.
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