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Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (54)
Concentration camps (556)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

556 items
The first Rohwer Reunion (ddr-csujad-1-50)
doc The first Rohwer Reunion (ddr-csujad-1-50)
A booklet was published to commemorate the first Rohwer Reunion held at Stouffer Concourse Hotel, Los Angeles, California, July 20-21, 1990. It provides a historical background and information about the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas, including the description of the life, activities, and events in the camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American ...
Memo from multiple incarcerees to the Co-ordinating Committee, February 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-89)
doc Memo from multiple incarcerees to the Co-ordinating Committee, February 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-89)
States that the incarcerees wish to see "normalcy re-established" and peace and cooperation preserved between the Administration and the "Colony" in the Tule Lake incarceration camp, pledging support for the Co-ordinating Committee's efforts to attain peace at the camp. A handwritten annotation next to one of the people's names provides his or her release date. Names ...
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, February 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-93)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, February 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-93)
Memo regarding peace movement headed by I. Uji of Block 53, Ward 6. Text provides Uji's full name (Iwao Uji) and also mentions June Sasaki and "Mrs. Matsuda" as other leaders of the peace movement; discusses their request for direct consultation with the Advisory Council. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization ...
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Mr. W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, April 7, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-74)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Mr. W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, April 7, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-74)
Memo regarding resignation. Stating that the Center has returned to a state of "normalcy" including the return of approximately 2,000 ex-employees to work, it declares the dissolution of the Co-ordinating Committee, in order to make way for the election by all incarcerees ("the entire colonists' vote") of a new responsible body. The memo is signed by ...
Report on Heart Mountain to Tule Lake transfer Sam Horino, leader of movement to challenge Selective Service for incarcerated Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-2-45)
doc Report on Heart Mountain to Tule Lake transfer Sam Horino, leader of movement to challenge Selective Service for incarcerated Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-2-45)
Informational report to Willard Schmidt about Sam Horino, an incarceree transferred from Heart Mountain Camp to Tule Lake Camp. Horino was accused of protesting the Selective Service program for incarcerated Japanese Americans and creating bulletins he posted throughout Heart Mountain Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0045
Report of the informal meeting of the stockade internees and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-2-102)
doc Report of the informal meeting of the stockade internees and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-2-102)
Provides minutes of meeting requested by stockade incarcerees, listing the incarcerees, Co-ordinating Committee members, and others in attendance and presenting paraphrased text, identifying speakers by name. Topics addressed include incarcerees' difficulties in talking honestly; their understanding of conditions in the camp outside of the stockade; the work of the Co-ordinating Committee and of the Negotiating Committee; ...
Toshio Oku photo album (ddr-csujad-3-22)
img Toshio Oku photo album (ddr-csujad-3-22)
Photo album is a collection of landscape and panoramic photos of Tule Lake incarceration camp, holiday greeting cards, photos of a fire, graduation portrait of Toshio Oku, group photo of the Electrical Department, and inside the print shop of the Newell Star. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_023
Tule Lake panoramic landscape (ddr-csujad-3-9)
img Tule Lake panoramic landscape (ddr-csujad-3-9)
Photograph of Tule Lake camp showing expanse of camp including buildings, barracks, watch towers, and railways within the basin landscape. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_010
Fire at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-3-13)
img Fire at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-3-13)
Photograph of fire engulfed buildings in background while firefighters organize and wrangle fire hoses in the foreground. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_014
Tule Lake fire (ddr-csujad-3-11)
img Tule Lake fire (ddr-csujad-3-11)
Photograph of firefighters and fire hoses in the foreground with flaming buildings flaming and smoking in the background. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_012
Tule Lake landscape photograph (ddr-csujad-3-2)
img Tule Lake landscape photograph (ddr-csujad-3-2)
Photograph taken from high vantage point of Tule Lake incarceration camp depicting an expanse of buildings and roads against the basin landscape. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_002
Tule Lake fire damage (ddr-csujad-3-12)
img Tule Lake fire damage (ddr-csujad-3-12)
Photograph of burnt buildings demolished by fire at Tule Lake. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_013
Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-18)
img Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-18)
Christmas card featuring Santa Claus presenting a landscape photo of the Tule Lake incarceration camp from outside a barbed wire fence looking in on buildings in camp with a hill in the distance. Card reads "Season's greetings." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_019
Tule Lake perimeter landscape (ddr-csujad-3-7)
img Tule Lake perimeter landscape (ddr-csujad-3-7)
Panoramic photograph of a part of the perimeter of Tule Lake with buildings, telephone poles, fencing and watch towers lining up in the distance. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_007
Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-14)
img Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-14)
Christmas greeting card featuring Santa Claus presenting a photo of the Tule Lake incarceration camp buildings and landscape from what appears to be a guard tower. Card reads "Season's greetings." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_015
Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-15)
img Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-15)
Christmas card of Santa Claus presenting a photo of the Tule Lake incarceration camp featuring buildings, fencing, a snowy road, and vehicles. Card reads "Season's greetings." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_016
Tule Lake nighttime panoramic landscape (ddr-csujad-3-10)
img Tule Lake nighttime panoramic landscape (ddr-csujad-3-10)
High vantage point panoramic clear nighttime photograph of Tule Lake camp lit by moonlight and the lights from the camp buildings. The photograph shows the expanse of the camp against the darkened landscape. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_011
General information, [Rohwer] (ddr-csujad-4-14)
doc General information, [Rohwer] (ddr-csujad-4-14)
Documents mailed by the Terada family from the Rohwer incarceration camp in McGehee, Arkansas, to Mr. A. W. Thomas on July 13, 1943. The documents include general information and regulations written by Ray D. Johnston, Project Director at the Rohwer incarceration camp. Also included is a schematic of the Rohwer camp, with marginalia. See this object ...
[Opening reception and preview flyer for Camp Jerome special exhibit] (ddr-csujad-4-24)
img [Opening reception and preview flyer for Camp Jerome special exhibit] (ddr-csujad-4-24)
A flyer for a special exhibition featuring photographs of the Jerome incarceration camp and a scale replica of a similar camp. The flyer is an invitation for the opening reception and a preview of the exhibition. The photograph on the front of the flyer features three little boys at the Jerome incarceration camp and their names ...
Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, August 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-4-12)
doc Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, August 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-4-12)
A letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Miss Laura Thomas. The letter contains basic correspondence between the two individuals, talking about family members, the weather, and school. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nis_06_013
Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, March 16, 1944 (ddr-csujad-4-19)
doc Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, March 16, 1944 (ddr-csujad-4-19)
A letter from Emiko Amy Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Miss Laura Thomas in Lawndale, California. In the letter, she talks about school and wishes that she could go back to Lawndale school. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nis_06_021
Letter from Masao Okine to [Hatsuno] Hotty Okine, April 24, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-76)
doc Letter from Masao Okine to [Hatsuno] Hotty Okine, April 24, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-76)
A letter from Masao Okine in Fort Meade, Maryland, to his sister, Hatsuno Hotty Okine in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. He encloses a dependency allotment form 620 in the letter and instructs Hatsuno to fill it out and talk to the Red Cross for assistance. He also asks her to send him a letter and ...
[High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
img [High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
A group photograph of the incarcerees standing in front of a barrack, 27-12-D, in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. It appears to be taken during the high school graduation ceremony. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_05_032
Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
doc Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
Oral history interview with Mamoru Masuda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASUDA_MAMORU
Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
doc Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
Oral history interview with Izumi Taniguchi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIGUCHI_IZUMI
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