Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (299)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

299 items
Manzanar internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-80)
img Manzanar internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-80)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Added entrance to Military Police office at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-122)
img Added entrance to Military Police office at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-122)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. This entrance was added along the northern boundary of camp ...
Stove vent holes in barracks (ddr-densho-345-138)
img Stove vent holes in barracks (ddr-densho-345-138)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The stoves were located back to back in adjoining apartments ...
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-147)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-147)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original military police office at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-123)
img Original military police office at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-123)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-104)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-104)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Voluntary fire station in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-128)
img Voluntary fire station in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-128)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-103)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-103)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Foundation for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-116)
img Foundation for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-116)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-126)
img Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-126)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower tops and military police station (ddr-densho-345-99)
img Tule Lake guard tower tops and military police station (ddr-densho-345-99)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The two guard tower tops and military police station were ...
Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-96)
img Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-96)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Young Japanese American woman playing the piano (ddr-densho-362-26)
img Young Japanese American woman playing the piano (ddr-densho-362-26)
Picture of a young woman playing the piano with an inscription on the front and back of the picture. Inscription on the front of photo reads "Dearest Mich-chan, Sincerely, Mitsue Ushio". Inscription on the back of the photo reads June 9, 1945.
Young Japanese American woman in coat and skirt (ddr-densho-362-25)
img Young Japanese American woman in coat and skirt (ddr-densho-362-25)
Picture of a young woman standing in front of a window of a building wearing a coat and skirt.
Japanese American young man (ddr-densho-362-28)
img Japanese American young man (ddr-densho-362-28)
A young man dressed in a jacket, shirt, and jeans poses for the camera in front of barracks. A handwritten note on the front reads, " To Mr. and Mrs. Konishi" Signed by Jun Chan on 4/6/1942.
Group photo of two men, one woman, and a young girl in an open field (ddr-densho-362-36)
img Group photo of two men, one woman, and a young girl in an open field (ddr-densho-362-36)
Two men, one woman, and a young girl stand in a row for a group photo in an open field.
Japanese American children and school teachers (ddr-densho-362-52)
img Japanese American children and school teachers (ddr-densho-362-52)
Group picture of 27 school children and 10 female teachers. Marie Coon is in the first row, 3rd child from the left.
Group of Japanese American men, women, and children with coats and blankets (ddr-densho-362-32)
img Group of Japanese American men, women, and children with coats and blankets (ddr-densho-362-32)
Large group of men, women, and children dressed in coats and blankets, gather for a group picture in an open field.
Large group of men and women take a group photo in front of a camp building (ddr-densho-362-53)
img Large group of men and women take a group photo in front of a camp building (ddr-densho-362-53)
Large group of men, women, and children gathered together for a group photo in front of a camp building. A Japanese caption appears on the front of the photograph.
Manzanar Co-op (ddr-densho-361-14)
img Manzanar Co-op (ddr-densho-361-14)
"Statement of Patronage & Disposition of Refunds" for Nobuko Sakai.
Painting (ddr-densho-371-1)
img Painting (ddr-densho-371-1)
A painting by Dick Sata of a concentration camp, most likely the Gila River camp.
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