Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (300)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

300 items
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (March 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-105)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (March 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-105)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (March 25, 1943). Envelope is postmarked March 26, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Greeting card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-34)
doc Greeting card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-34)
Greeting card to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 1, 1943). White card with illustration in green of a sign and cacti. The sign reads "Greetings from Poston" on the front of card. Envelope is postmarked July 2, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-102)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-102)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 8, 1942). Envelope is postmarked June 15, 1942 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimobochi (August 1, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-56)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimobochi (August 1, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-56)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimobochi (August 1, 1942). Letter is from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (April 3, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-15)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (April 3, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-15)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (April 3, 1943). Envelope is postmarked April 5, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Portrait of Chiyeko Akahoshi (ddr-janm-1-140)
img Portrait of Chiyeko Akahoshi (ddr-janm-1-140)
Black and white portrait of Chiyeko Akahoshi. She has curly hair and a bow in it and is wearing a white shirt with a floral vest over it. Written on the back is: "To Molly. Always, Chiyeko Akahoshi".
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (June 6, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-74)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (June 6, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-74)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (June 6, 1943). Envelope is postmarked June 7, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 26, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-104)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 26, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-104)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 26, 1942). Envelope is postmarked December 30, 1942 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (March 2, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-66)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (March 2, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-66)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (March 2, 1944). Envelope is postmarked March 2, 1944 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (December 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-57)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (December 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-57)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (December 28, 1942). Envelope is postmarked December 29, 1942 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (June 2, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-30)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (June 2, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-30)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (June 2, 1942). Envelope is postmarked June 4, 1942 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (March 26, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-73)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (March 26, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-73)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (March 26, 1943). Envelope is postmarked March 31, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Recipient list (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-19)
av Recipient list (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-19)
Recipient list given the names, age, residence and internment camp of nine individuals. It's dated October 9, 1990.
Recreation hall for civilian personnel (ddr-densho-345-130)
img Recreation hall for civilian personnel (ddr-densho-345-130)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The recreation hall for civilian personnel at Tule Lake was ...
Dinner bell at Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-143)
img Dinner bell at Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-143)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Toilet sewer holes in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-108)
img Toilet sewer holes in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-108)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Water main in internee housing area at Manzanar (ddr-densho-345-85)
img Water main in internee housing area at Manzanar (ddr-densho-345-85)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Metal trough in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-109)
img Metal trough in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-109)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The trough was most likely used either as a urinal ...
Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
img Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The diversion canals were used to supply water to internee ...
Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
img Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The western boundary fence of Tule Lake concentration camp that ...
Entrance to stockade of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-133)
img Entrance to stockade of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-133)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The fence posts, fence and jail inside the stockade are ...
Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
img Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-125)
img Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-125)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
img Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
img Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
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