Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (302)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

302 items
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-45)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Dec 8, 1942. There is clear tape along the whole left edge. Japanese is written on the left side of the envelope. On the back of the envelope is a purple "RECEIVED" stamp with the date Jan 24, 1943 ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from William Koyama (ddr-one-5-64)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Santa Fe Detention Center from his son, William Koyama, at Minidoka. Envelope is postmarked August 3, 1943. In red pencil "8/10-43" is written above the receiver's information. The letter from William Koyama is yellowed and water-damaged. At the bottom of the letter is an "EXAMINED" stamp with ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-53)
Yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Minidoka. Envelope is postmarked Apr 23, 1943, with “Internee of War/Free Mail” handwritten in the upper right corner. Written in red pencil is "5/4/43." Along the left edge of the envelope is clear tape with the number ...
Soldier (ddr-densho-258-91)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-258-91)
Hideo Kato, in uniform, standing in front of a barracks. Caption above: "Hidio [sic]."
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 7 (February 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 7 (February 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-7)
Selected article titles: "Priorities: JACL Since 1972" (p. 1), "JACL-National Board: Impeachment Issue Swirls" (p. 1), and "Manzanar Site as Part of State Parks Plan Seen" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-1)
Selected article titles: "Ushio Appeals for White House Concern" (pp. 1, 3), "Topaz WRA Center Historical Plaques Set in Delta City Park" (p. 1), and "Pacific Citizen Calendar for the Bicentennial" (pp. 5-6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
Selected article titles: "Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission at Full Strength; Fund Set at $30 Million" (p. 1), "S. I. Hayakawa Column on Use of 'Concentration Camp' Saddening" (p. 1), and "Seattle's Reparation Proposal Put on Tape" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
Selected article titles: "Teachers Get Lesson about WW2 Camps" (p. 1), "President de la Madrid Credits Japanese Nikkei with Strengthening Japan-Mexico Relationship" (pp. 1, 11), "Lies and Half-Truths" (p. 4), and "Turkish Group Opposes Bill to Fund Films" (p. 10).
Portrait of Ronald Seiki Miyasato (ddr-densho-320-21)
img Portrait of Ronald Seiki Miyasato (ddr-densho-320-21)
Caption: "September 1943 / Twin Falls, Idaho / Seiko Miyasato / Internment Camp."
Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook (ddr-densho-325-13)
img Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook (ddr-densho-325-13)
A collection of photographs of Hisa's friends during World War II.
Gathering at Fence (ddr-hmwf-1-60)
img Gathering at Fence (ddr-hmwf-1-60)
"Men and women gathered around barbed wire fence"
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (July 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-75)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (July 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-75)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (July 1, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 14, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (March 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-105)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (March 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-105)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (March 25, 1943). Envelope is postmarked March 26, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Greeting card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-34)
doc Greeting card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-34)
Greeting card to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 1, 1943). White card with illustration in green of a sign and cacti. The sign reads "Greetings from Poston" on the front of card. Envelope is postmarked July 2, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-102)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-102)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 8, 1942). Envelope is postmarked June 15, 1942 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimobochi (August 1, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-56)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimobochi (August 1, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-56)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimobochi (August 1, 1942). Letter is from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (April 3, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-15)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (April 3, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-15)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (April 3, 1943). Envelope is postmarked April 5, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Portrait of Chiyeko Akahoshi (ddr-janm-1-140)
img Portrait of Chiyeko Akahoshi (ddr-janm-1-140)
Black and white portrait of Chiyeko Akahoshi. She has curly hair and a bow in it and is wearing a white shirt with a floral vest over it. Written on the back is: "To Molly. Always, Chiyeko Akahoshi".
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (June 6, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-74)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (June 6, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-74)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (June 6, 1943). Envelope is postmarked June 7, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
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