Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (553)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

552 items
Stove vent in ceiling of military police housing (ddr-densho-345-140)
img Stove vent in ceiling of military police housing (ddr-densho-345-140)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The setting of the military police housing was reconstructed at ...
Tule Lake military police building (ddr-densho-345-148)
img Tule Lake military police building (ddr-densho-345-148)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Road in internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-79)
img Road in internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-79)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
View from Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-92)
img View from Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-92)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The view from behind the original eastern boundary fence looking ...
Tule Lake eastern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-93)
img Tule Lake eastern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-93)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The fence and red cinder road are original from the ...
Cold storage locker in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-129)
img Cold storage locker in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-129)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original curtains in Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-142)
img Original curtains in Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-142)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake northern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-94)
img Tule Lake northern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-94)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Foundation of Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-107)
img Foundation of Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-107)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Water main in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-111)
img Water main in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-111)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Entrance to dumpsite at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-120)
img Entrance to dumpsite at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-120)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Remains of guard tower tops at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-100)
img Remains of guard tower tops at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-100)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter sent to T.K. Pharmacy from Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-319-31)
doc Letter sent to T.K. Pharmacy from Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-319-31)
Basic translation: We have four cases of Sakuramasamune sake and would like to clear our inventry in the warehouse. Let me know if you are interested in purchasing.
Young girl plays piano her teacher observing (ddr-densho-362-24)
img Young girl plays piano her teacher observing (ddr-densho-362-24)
A Marie Konishi plays the piano while her teacher, Mitseu Ushio, observes.
Japanese American men and women wear aprons/ uniforms (ddr-densho-362-6)
img Japanese American men and women wear aprons/ uniforms (ddr-densho-362-6)
Nineteen men and women wear aprons/ uniforms in a group photo. Those in the front row kneel while the rest stand. A building appears in the background.
Twenty-three Japanese American children group photo (ddr-densho-362-57)
img Twenty-three Japanese American children group photo (ddr-densho-362-57)
Twenty-three children gather together for a group picture at camp cabin.
Eight Japanese Americans (ddr-densho-362-17)
img Eight Japanese Americans (ddr-densho-362-17)
Eight individuals consisting of men, women, and a child gather for a group photo. A cabin appears in the background.
Large group picture in front of a camp building (ddr-densho-362-8)
img Large group picture in front of a camp building (ddr-densho-362-8)
A large group of men, women, and children pose together in front of a Heart Mountain building. Japanese text appears on the front of the photo.
Group photo of Japanese American family (ddr-densho-362-40)
img Group photo of Japanese American family (ddr-densho-362-40)
A family sitting on a building's ledge poses for a family picture. An open field and a mountain are in the background.
Japanese American school children group photo I (ddr-densho-362-21)
img Japanese American school children group photo I (ddr-densho-362-21)
Children gather together for a group photo in front of a building. Children's age estimated around 6-7 years of age.
Nine young Japanese American girls take group photo near camp barracks steps (ddr-densho-362-38)
img Nine young Japanese American girls take group photo near camp barracks steps (ddr-densho-362-38)
Nine young girls pose together for a group photo near a barracks steps. Handwriting on the low left corner reads, "November 26, 1944. Heart Mt. Wyoming"
Japanese American girl toddler sitting on the ground (ddr-densho-362-50)
img Japanese American girl toddler sitting on the ground (ddr-densho-362-50)
A girl toddler with pigtails sits on the ground with her legs in front and both hands on the ground. An open field is in the background.
Two men, two women, and a girl with stuffed bunny (ddr-densho-362-56)
img Two men, two women, and a girl with stuffed bunny (ddr-densho-362-56)
Two men, two women and a little girl holding a stuffed bunny gather together for a group shot. Camp cabins are in the background.
Japanese American woman and three children sit on barracks steps (ddr-densho-362-11)
img Japanese American woman and three children sit on barracks steps (ddr-densho-362-11)
One woman and three children (two boys and one girl) sit together on barracks steps. Tom Konishi is seated in the front of the group.
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