Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (299)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

299 items
Soldier (ddr-densho-258-91)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-258-91)
Hideo Kato, in uniform, standing in front of a barracks. Caption above: "Hidio [sic]."
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 7 (February 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 7 (February 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-7)
Selected article titles: "Priorities: JACL Since 1972" (p. 1), "JACL-National Board: Impeachment Issue Swirls" (p. 1), and "Manzanar Site as Part of State Parks Plan Seen" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-1)
Selected article titles: "Ushio Appeals for White House Concern" (pp. 1, 3), "Topaz WRA Center Historical Plaques Set in Delta City Park" (p. 1), and "Pacific Citizen Calendar for the Bicentennial" (pp. 5-6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
Selected article titles: "Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission at Full Strength; Fund Set at $30 Million" (p. 1), "S. I. Hayakawa Column on Use of 'Concentration Camp' Saddening" (p. 1), and "Seattle's Reparation Proposal Put on Tape" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
Selected article titles: "Teachers Get Lesson about WW2 Camps" (p. 1), "President de la Madrid Credits Japanese Nikkei with Strengthening Japan-Mexico Relationship" (pp. 1, 11), "Lies and Half-Truths" (p. 4), and "Turkish Group Opposes Bill to Fund Films" (p. 10).
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-24)
Yellowed postcard address to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife Teru Koyama at the Portland Assembly Center. The postcard is postmarked August 31, 1942. On the left side of the postcard is a purple stamp that reads “Censored/Camp Livingston/Internment Camp/HARMON M. TURNER.” On the back side of the postcard ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-61)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Detention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Jul 20, 1943. At the top of the envelope “July-27-43” is written in blue pencil. Inside the envelope is a letter written by Teru dated July 18, 1943, in which she quotes a long poem by an ...
Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru and Eva Koyama (ddr-one-5-33)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, and daughter, Eva Koyama. Postmarked Sep 21, 1942. To the left of the postmark is “9/26/42” written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. The left edge of the envelope is torn ...
Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama and Miriam Kiyo Koyama (ddr-one-5-30)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, and daughter, Miriam Kiyo Koyama. Postmarked Sep 16, 1942. In red pencil “9/20-42” is written to the left of the postmark. In the lower left corner is a purple "Censored" stamp from Camp Livingston. Inside the envelope are two letters, one ...
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-31)
Front of postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Sep 17, 1942, over a six cent airmail stamp. To the left of the postmark “9-20-42” is written in red pencil. On the lower left corner is a purple "Censored" stamp. The message on the back is ...
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-60)
One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Dentention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Jul 16, 1943. On the left side of the postcard is an "Examined" stamp signed "25-3." The message on the back of the postcard is dated July 16, 1943. Teru writes to tell Kei about ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama and Miriam Kiyo Koyama (ddr-one-5-22)
Yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, in the Portland Assembly Center. The envelope is postmarked August 24, 1942, and is stamped "VIA AIR MAIL" over the postmark. Written in blue pencil under the postage stamp is “Aug 23, 1942.” Written below the address in blue pencil is ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-40)
Slightly yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked October 19, 1942. Along the top 10-23-1942 is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope is a letter dated October 17, 1942. Teru writes about ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-72)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at the Santa Fe Detention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Oct 4, 1943. In the upper right corner “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in place of a stamp. The numbers “10-8-43” are written along the top of the envelope in red pencil. Inside is ...
Portrait of Ronald Seiki Miyasato (ddr-densho-320-21)
img Portrait of Ronald Seiki Miyasato (ddr-densho-320-21)
Caption: "September 1943 / Twin Falls, Idaho / Seiko Miyasato / Internment Camp."
Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook (ddr-densho-325-13)
img Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook (ddr-densho-325-13)
A collection of photographs of Hisa's friends during World War II.
Gathering at Fence (ddr-hmwf-1-60)
img Gathering at Fence (ddr-hmwf-1-60)
"Men and women gathered around barbed wire fence"
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (December 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-57)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (December 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-57)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (December 28, 1942). Envelope is postmarked December 29, 1942 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (July 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-75)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (July 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-75)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (July 1, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 14, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
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