Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

540 items
Gila River (ddr-csujad-11-185)
img Gila River (ddr-csujad-11-185)
A group photo taken at the Gila River incarceration camp, Arizona. Includes Tazu Kawamoto. From page 69 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_69_002
Letter from George Yoshioka to Rev. [Wendell L.] Miller, [September 11, 1942] (ddr-csujad-20-6)
doc Letter from George Yoshioka to Rev. [Wendell L.] Miller, [September 11, 1942] (ddr-csujad-20-6)
Personal letter written from Santa Anita Assembly Center. Yoshioka discusses the start of "movement to Relocation Centers," naming Parker Dam; Wyoming; Granada, Colorado; Arkansas; and Gila, Arizona, along with locations from which people are being removed, including San Diego, Los Angeles, Hollywood, Long Beach, and other Southern California locations. He also mentions that his family has ...
O-OP canteen sale (ddr-csujad-7-22)
doc O-OP canteen sale (ddr-csujad-7-22)
Advertisement for sale at the camp's commisary. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Canteen_Sale_P01
Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-4)
doc Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-4)
Fourth of four scrapbooks of clippings about Japanese American incarceration during World War II. Compiled by Eddie Muraoka. Other three scrapbooks are fond in items: csun_ems_001, csun_ems_002, and csun_ems_003. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: EMS_04
Years of infamy: the untold story of America's concentration camps (ddr-csujad-24-125)
doc Years of infamy: the untold story of America's concentration camps (ddr-csujad-24-125)
A listing for Michi Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy" from 1998 on Amazon.com. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_09_010
Letter from Monica Sone to Michi Weglyn, August 17, 1986 (ddr-csujad-24-42)
doc Letter from Monica Sone to Michi Weglyn, August 17, 1986 (ddr-csujad-24-42)
A letter from Monica Sone to Michi Weglyn in which describes the impact that Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy" had on her. Sone also talks about Frank Chin and his roll in the redress movement. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_02_001
Michi N. Weglyn, 72, advocate for interned Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-24-126)
doc Michi N. Weglyn, 72, advocate for interned Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-24-126)
An obituary for Michi Weglyn written by Eric Page with a note from Kimmie Ito written on it. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_09_011
Michi Nishiura and Walter Weglyn Endowed Chair in Multicultural Studies (ddr-csujad-24-25)
doc Michi Nishiura and Walter Weglyn Endowed Chair in Multicultural Studies (ddr-csujad-24-25)
This brochure that explains the purpose of the Michi Nishiura and Walter Weglyn Endowed Chair in Multicultural Studies. The brochure includes a brief biography of Michi Weglyn and an assessment of the impact of her book "Years of Infamy." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_025
Office of the Council President, City of New York, Proclamation (ddr-csujad-24-96)
doc Office of the Council President, City of New York, Proclamation (ddr-csujad-24-96)
A proclamation from the New York City Council declaring May 7, 1993 Michi Nishiura Weglyn Day. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_07_013
An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-57-1)
vh An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-57-1)
Issei community leader and businessman in Los Angeles's Little Tokyo recounts his arrest by Federal Bureau of Investigation after Pearl Harbor, his experiences in internment camps in North Dakota and Louisiana, and the Manzanar incarceration camp, California. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Translated ...
An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-58-1)
vh An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-58-1)
Issei Buddhist bishop and superintendent of Kayasan Temple in Little Tokyo since 1931 recounts his wartime experiences and internment at Fort Missoula, Montana; Livingstone, Louisiana; and Crystal City, Texas. Transcribed in both Japanese and English. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Audio is found in ...
'Jap Crow' Experiment (ddr-csujad-19-43)
doc 'Jap Crow' Experiment (ddr-csujad-19-43)
This is an article from the magazine "The Nation" by John Larison which discusses in detail about the living conditions of the "evacuees" in the war relocation centers. It talks about how the war relocation centers had only a few facilities for recreation, the low quality of education and the economic conditions of the people in ...
Relocation program: [a guidebook for the residents of relocation centers] (ddr-csujad-5-69)
doc Relocation program: [a guidebook for the residents of relocation centers] (ddr-csujad-5-69)
Japanese translation of "Relocation program: a guidebook for the residents of relocation centers." It describes the policies and procedures of the War Relocation Authority Relocation Program. Includes policies and procedures on leave and return to a camp, placement, travel and subsistence, food, lodging, health service, employment and compensation, clothing allowances, community government, education, internal security, consumer ...
Father's Day card from Masao Okine to Mr. S. Okine, June 9, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-81)
doc Father's Day card from Masao Okine to Mr. S. Okine, June 9, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-81)
A Father's Day card from Masao Okine to his father, Seiichi Okine. Masao writes from Fort Meade, Minnesota, where he attends the U.S. military Japanese language School to Seiichi Okine who is incarcerated in the Rohwer camp, Arkansas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_20_001
Gila River, blk 16 (ddr-csujad-11-187)
img Gila River, blk 16 (ddr-csujad-11-187)
A group photo taken at the Gila River incarceration camp, Arizona. Photographed are incarcerees in block 16. From page 70 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_70_002
Tazu Kawamoto with her friend (ddr-csujad-11-193)
img Tazu Kawamoto with her friend (ddr-csujad-11-193)
A photograph of Tazu Kawamoto posing with a friend. This photograph appears to be taken inside the Gila River incarceration camp. From page 75 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_75_001
Michi Weglyn, as I recall (ddr-csujad-24-134)
doc Michi Weglyn, as I recall (ddr-csujad-24-134)
An obituary of Michi Weglyn written by William Hohri. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_09_019
Young Japanese couple (ddr-csujad-26-119)
img Young Japanese couple (ddr-csujad-26-119)
Photo of a young Japanese American couple seated on a bench in front of barracks buildings. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_088
Structural report, chapter I: an introduction to Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-26-3)
doc Structural report, chapter I: an introduction to Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-26-3)
Portion of a report compiled as part of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS) describing the landscape, climate, barracks, facilities, schedule, and daily life routines of incarcerees at the Tule Lake incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_01_34_001
Three men and chickens (ddr-csujad-26-132)
img Three men and chickens (ddr-csujad-26-132)
Photo of three Japanese American men in front of a chicken coop with chickens. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_102
Tule Lake monograph (ddr-csujad-26-1)
doc Tule Lake monograph (ddr-csujad-26-1)
Unpublished manuscript includes a collection of diary entries, letters, and essays written by school students incarcerated at the Tule Lake camp and collected through the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). The writings include first-person descriptions of travel to the Tule Lake camp, adapting to camp, limitations of camp, day-to-day camp life, family life, community ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 69, No. 13 (September 26,1969) (ddr-pc-41-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 69, No. 13 (September 26,1969) (ddr-pc-41-39)
Select article titles: "Future of Japanese Ethnic churches in L.A. studied" (p. 1); "Seattle Issei Complain Lack of Police Action(p.1); "40,000 witness Japan week's civic parade" (p. 3); "Concentration Camp" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 22 (November 28, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 22 (November 28, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-47)
Selected article titles: "PSWDC Grows Despite Problems" (p. 1), "From JACL Nat'l Headquarters Communication: Tule Lake Plaque Text Questioned" (p. 1), "Sequel Planned for 1949 Book on Wartime Student Relocation" (p. 1), and "Minority One: Years of Infamy" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
Selected article titles: "Rice Bill Seeks Lower Prices" (p. 1), "Gila River Camp High School Grads Hold 30-Year Reunion, Eye 1980 Meet" (p. 1), "Potshots: Hard Working Chapters" (p. 2), and "Plain Speaking: Reparations Campaign" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
Selected article titles: "MDC Reparations Survey" (pp. 1, 3), "Sen. Inouye Explains Final Lesson to Be Learned from Watergate Trauma" (p. 1), "Editorials: A Battered Manzanar Plaque" (p. 2), and "Ye Editor's Desk: Other Thoughts on the Visit" (p. 2).
API