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Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (54)
Leaving camp (101)
Returning home (913)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

913 items
Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas, October 3, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-18)
doc Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas, October 3, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-18)
A letter from Usami Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas in Lawndale, California. The letter discusses the Japanese American incarcerees returning to California and the West Coast. He describes the returning people as "half bred or wife of Caucasian" and a female attending Pasadena Junior College. He expresses ...
Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, January 19, 1945 (ddr-csujad-4-22)
doc Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, January 19, 1945 (ddr-csujad-4-22)
A letter from Emiko Amy Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Miss Laura Thomas in Lawndale, California. In the letter, Emiko asks Laura about the conditions in Lawndale, California, expressing her concern about housing. She also describes school in the camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. A.W. Thomas, February 7, 1945 (ddr-csujad-4-23)
doc Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. A.W. Thomas, February 7, 1945 (ddr-csujad-4-23)
A letter from Usami Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to a Mr. A.W. Thomas in Lawndale, California. In the letter, Usami discusses about returning to California and asks Mr. Thomas how Lawndale has changed during the past three years. He also asks for photographs of Mr. Thomas' family, Terada's home, and their neighbor, ...
Letter from Makoto Okine to Mr. S. Okine, January 15, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-123)
doc Letter from Makoto Okine to Mr. S. Okine, January 15, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-123)
A letter from Makoto Okine to his father, Seiichi Okine in Hawthorne, California. This letter is probably written in Italy where Makoto is stationed as a U.S. Army soldier and mailed via New York by the U.S. Army Postal Service. He regrets not being able to write to his father for a long time because he ...
Letter from Mrs. K. Befu to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, January 15, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-119)
doc Letter from Mrs. K. Befu to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, January 15, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-119)
A letter from Komaki Befu in Los Angeles, California to Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine, in Hawthorne, California. She thanks Mr. and Mrs. Okine for their visit and the mochi mailed to her. She also informs that Mr. Yoshikawa has given her son, Masuo Befu, a farewell gift. The handwritten notes on the back of the envelope ...
Letter from Makoto Okine to Seiichi Okine, October 12, [1945] [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-187)
doc Letter from Makoto Okine to Seiichi Okine, October 12, [1945] [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-187)
A letter from Makoto Okine to his father, Seiichi Okine in the Rohwer incarceration camp. It appears that he writes from Italy where he is stationed as a U. S. Army solder. He assumes that many people has left the Rohwer incarceration camp and it appears empty. He mentions that his brother, Masao's request [probably for ...
Letter from Mrs. T. Nakagawa to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, January 17, [1946], [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-188)
doc Letter from Mrs. T. Nakagawa to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, January 17, [1946], [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-188)
A letter from Mrs. T. Nakagawa, a former incarceree in the Rhower incarceration camp, to Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine. She informs that her family is doing well and thanks them for their kindness when her daughter, Shizue, visited them. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_02_32_001
Letter from Ed Bethune, Personnel Technician, United States Department of the Interior War Relocation Authority, November 7, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-101)
doc Letter from Ed Bethune, Personnel Technician, United States Department of the Interior War Relocation Authority, November 7, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-101)
A recommendation letter for Hatsuno Hotty Okine written by Ed Bethune, United States Department of the Interior War Relocation Authority, who is her supervisor when she is employed in "the Evacuee Personnel Section of the Rohwer Relocation Center." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_31_001
Letter from Sojiro Nishimura to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, December 24, [1945] [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-114)
doc Letter from Sojiro Nishimura to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, December 24, [1945] [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-114)
A greeting letter from Munejiro Nishimura in Gardena, California to Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine in Hawthorne, California. In the letter, he thanks them for a Christmas gift and informs that he and his family has been staying in a house provided by a Caucasian friend who is supportive to the Japanese. The arrival date and place ...
Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
doc Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
Oral history interview with Johnny and Yo Niizawa. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NIIZAWA_JOHNNY_AND_YO
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
doc George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
Oral history interview with George Okada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OKADA_GEORGE
Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
doc Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
Oral history interview with Takashi Tsutsui. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TSUTSUI_TAKASHI
Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
doc Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
Oral history interview with Sadawo Yonaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_YONAKI_SADAWO
Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
doc Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
Oral history interview with Robert Ohki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OHKI_ROBERT
Saburo Masada interview (ddr-csujad-6-20)
doc Saburo Masada interview (ddr-csujad-6-20)
Oral history interview with Saburo Masada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASADA_SABURO
Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
doc Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
Oral history interview with Fude Tanioka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIOKA_FUDE
Bessie Ezaki (ddr-csujad-8-11)
doc Bessie Ezaki (ddr-csujad-8-11)
Oral history interview with Aiko Bessie Ezaki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ezaki, Bessie
Masao Okamura (ddr-csujad-8-57)
doc Masao Okamura (ddr-csujad-8-57)
Oral history interview with Masao Okamura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Okamura, Masao
Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
Oral history interview with Masao and Haruye [Harue] Nakata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nakata, Mr and Mrs Masao
Shizuye Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-45)
doc Shizuye Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-45)
Oral history interview with Shizuye [Shizue] Nagata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nagata, Shizuye
Matsushige Mats Ando (ddr-csujad-8-2)
doc Matsushige Mats Ando (ddr-csujad-8-2)
Oral history interview with Matsushige [Mats] Ando. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ando, Matsushige Mats
Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
doc Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
Oral history interview with Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kurakawa, Heiji and Chiyoko
Sadame Yamada (ddr-csujad-8-99)
doc Sadame Yamada (ddr-csujad-8-99)
Oral history interview with Sadame Yamada. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Yamada, Sadame
Mamoru Kuramoto (ddr-csujad-8-33)
doc Mamoru Kuramoto (ddr-csujad-8-33)
Oral history interview with Mamoru Kuramoto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kuramoto, Mamoru
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