Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (66)
Leaving camp (120)
Returning home (915)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

915 items
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-20)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-20)
Black and white photographic negative of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Left to right: Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, Aki (Shiraishi) Dong, Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko, Mary (Nakata) Fujii, Frances (Kinoshita) Mayeda, Grace (Sakano) Robbs, Sumi "Sue" (Kaga) Hasegawa, Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, Rose Namba, Jayne (Katada) Furukawa, ...
Obon Festival (ddr-one-1-256)
img Obon Festival (ddr-one-1-256)
Black and white photographic negative of Nobuko (Ochiai) Susaki speaking with an unidentified white woman. Man seated in far back right identified as Elmer Nishimoto. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-36)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-36)
Original black and white photographic print of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto's wedding reception. About 11 people sitting around banquet tables. Wedding party seated along back wall; from left to right: Yoichi "Jack" Nomi, Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi, Sam Sakamoto, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto, Keso Kuwahara, Lilly (Kobayashi) Irinaga. Rest of the guests are unidentified. For negative ...
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-41)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-41)
Original black and white photographic print of Bridal party standing in front of the alter. Left to right: Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto, and Lilly (Kobayashi) Irinaga.
Cowboys (ddr-one-1-447)
img Cowboys (ddr-one-1-447)
Color slide of three unidentified cowboys crouched on the ground surrounded by straw in front of a stable, a young black colt is laying near them on the right. In the back is an older horse inside the stable. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-180)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-180)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers with "uchiwa" (fan) in front of large crowd. Some spectators seated on chairs, most on grass. Among the seated spectators next to an empty chair with her name on it is Portland Mayor Dorothy McCullough Lee. Dancers: Third from the left is Joe Shiraishi, fourth from the left ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-261)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-261)
Black and white photographic negative of two lines of dancers performing an Odori (traditional Japanese folk dance) at Obon. Right line from left to right: Mr. Tsujimura, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Susanne Mineko (Sasaki) Myer. Left line, third from left: Don Oishi. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-187)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-187)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers in front of small crowd. Fourth dancer from the left is Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was taken at Holladay Park in Portland, ...
Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-391)
img Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-391)
Black and white photographic negative of a group of Nisei at a beach outing planned by the Sorrelles (a high school social group). Sitting left to right: unidentified, Masae "Elsie" (Morita) Onishi, Nobyo Sato, unidentified, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko, Mas Ouchida, May (Ebihara) Gelfand, and unidentified. Standing left to right: Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko ...
Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Roulette Table (ddr-one-1-107)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Roulette Table (ddr-one-1-107)
Black and white photographic negative of a crowd playing Roulette at the Oregon Buddhist Church's Annual Lotus Bazaar. The Oregon Buddhist Church is now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple. For print please see ONLC 4947 (ddr-one-1-718)
Reed College (ddr-one-1-360)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-360)
Black and white photographic negative of Ayame Ogimi and her brother Carlos Ogimi staring at a large document or drawing on a table in front of them. This photograph was taken at Reed College where Ayame and Carlos were both students. Original print ONLC 3176 (ddr-one-1-358).
Buddhist Convention (ddr-one-1-334)
img Buddhist Convention (ddr-one-1-334)
Black and white photographic negative of large crowd of Buddhists gathered outside Collin's Field House in Seattle, Washington for a Buddhist convention. First row: Kiku Fujita, unidentified, Nancy from Tacoma, and Yasuko (Hashimoto) Morita. Second row, far right is Irene (Fujii) Mano. Third row far right: Sumiye (Fukei) Kato. Fourth row far left: Yosh Tanabe, Ted ...
Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-3)
img Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-3)
Black and white photographic negative of the Adelphons, a young women's service group of the Portland Chapter of the Japanese American Citizen's League, in formal attire. Back Row (left to right): Sumiko “Sue” (Kawasaki) Fujino, unidentified, Minnie (Oyama) Abe, Ochiyo (Nishioka) Hasuike, unidentified, Mary (Furusho) Iwasaki, Tamae "Butch" Yamamoto, Kathryn (Kawata) Niita, Irene (Kawata) Nakagawa, Sophie ...
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-418)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-418)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at the Northwest Buddhist Convention banquet dinner in the basement of the Seattle Buddhist Church. Sitting at the head table from left to right: Reverend Sunya Pratt (from Tacoma, Washington), Reverend Tatsuya Ichikawa (from Seattle, Washington), Reverend Eiyu Terao (from Spokane, Washington), Reverend Ikuta from (Vancouver, British Columbia), Reverend ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Victoria Girl's Drill Corps (ddr-one-1-176)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Victoria Girl's Drill Corps (ddr-one-1-176)
Color slide of Victoria's all girls drill team marching in the Rose Festival Parade on W Burnside in front of a crowd outside a Bekins Storage. The women are dressed in white uniforms with pink and purple capes. The Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in which floats are made out of flowers and paraded ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-278)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-278)
Black and white photographic negative of three Obon dancers smiling for the camera. From left to right: Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba, Nami (Miura) Koida, and Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-17)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-17)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Left to right: Grace (Ebihara) Akiyama, Betty Nakashimada, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Nami (Miura) Koida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba, Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka, Betty Ishida, Elsie Okazaki, Agnes (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Astuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, Jean Matsumoto, ...
Nisei at Epworth United Methodist Church (ddr-one-1-327)
img Nisei at Epworth United Methodist Church (ddr-one-1-327)
Black and white original photographic print of Nisei women at Epworth United Methodist Church rolling up newspapers possibly during the Northwest Methodist Rally. From left to right: Martha (Kondo) Miyasaki, Miriam (Koyama) Kiso, Grace (Sakano) Robbs, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, unidentified, and Masae "Elsie" (Morita) Onishi. For negative please see ONLC 3144 (ddr-one-1-326)
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-273)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-273)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers performing an Odori folk dance at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community..
Sunday School (ddr-one-1-92)
img Sunday School (ddr-one-1-92)
Black and white photographic negative of Sunday School class. Students work on coloring project with adult teachers, image of Buddha hangs on wall. Class not taught at the Oregon Buddhist Church, exact location is unknown.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-208)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-208)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers in front of crowd. Obon dancers inner circle from front to back: Tomi Tsujimura, Shizuko "Shiz" (Ninomiya) Onishi, and Mr. Tsujimura. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 22
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 22 "Retail Trade Bureau" (ddr-one-1-135)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 22 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties. The float has a circus theme with three seals made of black flowers balancing balls of red and yellow flowers on their noses. The float has three riders on top, two women ...
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-381)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-381)
Black and white photographic negative of a bucket with two watermelons and a crate of empty soda bottles at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Sitting with their backs to camera are Nobyo Sato and Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, sitting facing the ...
Indoor Carnival Fundraiser- Balloon Darts (ddr-one-1-90)
img Indoor Carnival Fundraiser- Balloon Darts (ddr-one-1-90)
Black and white photographic negative of an indoor carnival fundraiser possibly hosted by the Sorelles or Adelphons (Japanese American young women's groups). Group of men watch an unidentified Issei throw a dart. Identified on the far left hand side is Walt Asakawa, sitting behind the dart thrower is Mr. Murahashi, standing on the far right wearing ...
New Tokyo Bar (ddr-one-1-81)
img New Tokyo Bar (ddr-one-1-81)
Black and white photographic negative of two women behind the bar with the bartender at the New Tokyo Bar in Portland, Oregon. From left to right: unidentified, Rose Mae Hara and George Ninomiya.
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