Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (66)
Leaving camp (128)
Returning home (941)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

941 items
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 12 (March 23, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-61)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 12 (March 23, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-61)
Selected article titles: "Statement Given on Special Project Rules" (p. 1), "Relocators Get Kindly Welcome on Return Home" (p. 2), "Japanese School Damaged in Second Delano Fire" (p. 2), and "Two-Day 'Shibai and Buyo' Begins Tonight at Aud." (p. 4).
Information Bulletin No. 3 (January 29, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-53)
doc Information Bulletin No. 3 (January 29, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-53)
Tule Lake Center informational bulletin which includes a statement by WRA National Director, Dillon S. Myer, regarding the future of the center.
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 46 (November 16, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-98)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 46 (November 16, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-98)
Selected article titles: "1 Month Left for Planning: More Than 3000 Leave Since First of the Year" (p. 1), "Minors Born in U.S. May Return as U.S. Citizens" (pp. 1-2), and "400 Islanders Slated to Return Home Soon" (p. 2), and "Tuleans Receive Surprise on Way to Seabrook Farms" (p. 3).
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 35 (August 31, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-83)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 35 (August 31, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-83)
Selected article titles: "Less Work: Tule to Go on 40-Hour Work Week from Sept. 9" (p. 1), "Ration-Free Shoes May Be Available" (p. 1), "Return of Evacuees Topic of Renton, Wash. Meeting" (p. 3), and "Survey Shows Many Tuleans Now in Sacramento Area" (p. 4).
An Address by Sergeant Ben Kuroki, U.S. Army Air Force (ddr-densho-280-10)
doc An Address by Sergeant Ben Kuroki, U.S. Army Air Force (ddr-densho-280-10)
This transcription of Sergeant Kuroki's speech details his experience as a Japanese-American in the Air Force and articulates his desire for an end to prejudice within the military.
Wedding party (ddr-densho-363-1)
img Wedding party (ddr-densho-363-1)
Photograph of the wedding party at Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto's wedding. The photograph was taken by Frank C. Hirahara.\n\nTo view more photographs of the Sakamoto wedding and other photographs taken by Frank C. Hirahara please visit the Oregon Nikkei Endowment's Frank C. Hirahara Collection.
WRA booklet:
doc WRA booklet: "West Coast Incidents" (ddr-densho-274-29)
Booklet produced by the War Relocation Authority (WRA) that features clippings from major U.S. newspapers on Japanese Americans.
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-175)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-175)
Wants her to find a place in San Jose rather than go with his family, thanks her for the shoes, wants another baby as soon as he gets home.
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-163)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-163)
He expects it may be hard to adjust to being a civilian again, would like them to have their own home, can't send money this month.
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-128)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-128)
If the camps close, thinks it would be best for Kathleen and Yuri (Aileen) to go with his parents, regrets not having volunteered for combat because could have gotten a field promotion.
Letter from Kathleen Koga Uchiyama to Alvin Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-198)
doc Letter from Kathleen Koga Uchiyama to Alvin Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-198)
Written after Kathleen and Yuri (Aileen) moved to Mountain View, probably with Alvin's parents. Describes house they are sharing with others with no running water or ceiling, having family around.
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-137)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-137)
Sorry to have missed Yuri (Aileen)'s birthday party, still waiting to be transferred, thoughts about where Kathleen and Yuri (Aileen) should go to live next.
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-126)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-126)
Played softball, heard that his parents want Kathleen and Yuri (Aileen) to go with them to San Jose, but he wants them to stay in camp
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-184)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-184)
Knows his family will be glad she is jointing them in Mt. View, but he doesn't want her to do any work while she is there, is sending more stockings
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-117)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-117)
Wondering where they might live after the war, doesn't look like he will be coming home soon
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-156)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-156)
Saw his brother, Archie, heard that the family has moved to Mt. View California, ask where she is thinking of going when the camps close
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-178)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-178)
The war is officially over, but he is waiting to celebrate when he can come home, wants Kathy to visit his sister Kai (Kasumi Uchiyama) before she goes to San Jose after the camp closes.
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-141)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-141)
Letter torn, lines missing. Asks if she knows what she will do when the camps close, doesn't expect to be home until 1946.
Tamako Tokuda standing on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-473)
img Tamako Tokuda standing on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-473)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle.
Tamako Tokuda holding child (ddr-densho-383-468)
img Tamako Tokuda holding child (ddr-densho-383-468)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle. The child is George and Tamako's oldest son, Floyd. The pair is next to a clothes drying line outside.
George and Tamako Tokuda on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-471)
img George and Tamako Tokuda on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-471)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle.
Notes from individuals responding to
doc Notes from individuals responding to "what I would like to do after the war" (ddr-densho-383-542)
Written by Osa Edamura, who would have been a child at the time of incarceration, Gene Yamamoto and George Tsukamoto
Tamako Tokuda holding child (ddr-densho-383-472)
img Tamako Tokuda holding child (ddr-densho-383-472)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle. The child is George and Tamako's oldest son, Floyd. The pair is next to a clothes drying line outside.
Man holding child (ddr-densho-383-469)
img Man holding child (ddr-densho-383-469)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle. The child is George and Tamako's oldest son, Floyd. Written on front of photograph: "1946 - Yesler Way". Written on back of photograph: "May 1946".
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