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Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (215)
Leaving camp (260)
Returning home (1010)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast


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1010 items
Hostel, Japanese language school (ddr-densho-30-5)
img Hostel, Japanese language school (ddr-densho-30-5)
Shig (Joe) Ohashi holding Suey (Victor) Ohashi in back of the Japanese language school, which was their temporary home after World War II.
Hostel, Japanese language school (ddr-densho-31-1)
img Hostel, Japanese language school (ddr-densho-31-1)
These children are on the front steps of the Japanese language school. The school housed many Japanese Americans immediately after the incarceration. Front row (left to right): Nancy Tada and Susumu Ohashi holding Kiyomi Ohashi. Second row: Ronnie Tada, Takashi Aoki, Yoshiko Tokita, Yasuo Tokita, and Yuzo Tokita. Third row: Janet Tada, Setsuko Kojima, Peggy Ohashi, …
Hostel, Japanese language school (ddr-densho-32-1)
img Hostel, Japanese language school (ddr-densho-32-1)
Yoneki (Nick) Tsutsumi in front of the Japanese language school. Tsutsumi lived temporarily at the school after returning home from camp.
Hostel, Japanese language school (ddr-densho-32-2)
img Hostel, Japanese language school (ddr-densho-32-2)
These former camp inmates lived temporarily at the Japanese language school after World War II. Front: Tsuneo Tsutsumi. Back row (left to right): (first name unknown) Tada, Shigeru, Yoneki (Nick), and Susumi Tsutsumi.
Children standing on a truck (ddr-densho-34-146)
img Children standing on a truck (ddr-densho-34-146)
The Hayashida and Kitamoto children are about to leave the Minidoka concentration camp for their homes on Bainbridge Island, Washington. Mr. Frank Yoshito Kitamoto bought this truck to transport both families' belongings. Yoshito Frank Kitamoto also went by Frank Yoshito Kitamoto.
Family returning home after the incarceration (ddr-densho-34-51)
img Family returning home after the incarceration (ddr-densho-34-51)
Exterior of the Hayashida's family's home on Bainbridge Island, Washington.
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "The Gresham Area" (ddr-densho-35-363)
Various newspaper clippings on the group, Oregon Anti-Japanese, Inc. One of the articles is titled "Gresham Group Organizes to Oppose Return of Japs."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-375)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-375)
Newspaper clippings from a scrapbook page, one of which is titled: "Farm Returned To Japanese By Jury Order." Newspapers include the Oregonian, Oregon Journal, and Pacific Citizen.
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-353)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-353)
Newspaper articles from the New York Times, Oregonian, and Pacific Citizen all describing public reactions to Japanese Americans returning to the West Coast. One of the articles is titled "Union Limits Nisei to Ex-Service Men: Teamsters' Union Says it Will Oppose All Other Japanese in West Coast Jobs."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-366)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-366)
Three newspaper clippings from the Gresham Outlook, Oregonian, and Oregon Journal, one of which is titled "Anti-Japanese Group Founding Gets Go-Ahead."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-370)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-370)
Newspaper clippings from the Oregonian and Oregon Journal, one of which is titled "Gresham Antis Get Censure."
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-350)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-350)
Various articles from the Oregonian and Oregon Journal, one of which is titled "Japanese Land Owners Prepare to Return Here."
Notes from Oregon Property Owners' Protective League meeting (ddr-densho-35-367)
doc Notes from Oregon Property Owners' Protective League meeting (ddr-densho-35-367)
The subject of this meeting is titled: "League to deport citizens of Japanese ancestry." The notes consist of exerpts taken from speeches made at the meeting.
Scrapbook page with one article (ddr-densho-35-401)
doc Scrapbook page with one article (ddr-densho-35-401)
Newspaper clipping from the Christian Science Monitor titled "Keiko Is Home."
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "The Portland Area" (ddr-densho-35-382)
Various newspaper clippings, one of which is titled: "Council Defeats Anti-Japanese Resolution." Newspapers include: the Minidoka Irrigator, Portland Labor Press, Oregonian, and Oregon Journal.
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Evacuees Return" (ddr-densho-35-351)
An assortment of newspaper articles from the Oregonian and Oregon Journal, one of which is titled "First Arrest Made for Shot at Nisei House."
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "The Fujimoto Case" (ddr-densho-35-374)
Newspaper clippings from the Oregonian, Oregon Journal, and Gresham Outlook. One of the articles is titled: "Court Orders New Trial In Nisei Property Case."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-392)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-392)
Newspaper articles titled: "Racial Test Arrives in California," "MacNaughton Will Speak on Japanese," and "'On Being Nisei...'" Newspapers include the Christian Science Monitor, Minidoka Irrigator, and Oregon Journal.
Resettlement articles from scrapbook (ddr-densho-35-352)
doc Resettlement articles from scrapbook (ddr-densho-35-352)
Articles from the Christian Science Monitor, Minidoka Irrigator, and Pacific Citizen. One of the articles is titled: "Economic Rivalry Influenced Army's Exclusion Ban - Sun."
Advertisement for anti-Japanese meeting (ddr-densho-35-365)
doc Advertisement for anti-Japanese meeting (ddr-densho-35-365)
Advertisement for a meeting held by the Oregon Property Owners' Protective League, Inc.
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