Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (66)
Leaving camp (128)
Returning home (941)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

941 items
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-227)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-227)
Black and white photographic negative of two Obon dancers performing in front of crowd. From left to right: Carol (Murahashi) Asakawa, Phyllis Midori (Ando) Muramatsu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was taken at Holladay Park …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 32
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 32 "First Prom" (ddr-one-1-530)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 32 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Blue Eagle Café on the corner of NW Second Ave. The float has four women standing inside large oversized prom skirts made of flowers. The front of the float reads "PGE" and has a small yellow sign …
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-37)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-37)
Original black and white photographic print of wedding attendants, standing in a receiving line. Left to right: Yoichi "Jack" Nomi, Lilly (Kobayashi) Irinaga, Keso Kuwahara, and Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi.
Indoor Carnival Fundraiser- Bingo (ddr-one-1-87)
img Indoor Carnival Fundraiser- Bingo (ddr-one-1-87)
Black and white photographic negative of an indoor carnival fundraiser possibly hosted by the Sorelles or Adelphons (Japanese American young women's groups). People sitting and playing bingo, watchers stand behind. Sitting left to right: Henry "Wimpy" Kawata, George Kasahara, Terry Mishiro, Diane (Ando) Harder, Minoru "Bob" Ando, unidentified woman, Betty (Hiuga) Nishimura, Tomo Saito, Fumi (Nunotani) …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Cowboy (ddr-one-1-485)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Cowboy (ddr-one-1-485)
Color slide of a Mexican style cowboy riding a black horse down W. Burnside past a crowd gathered on the bridge where NW First Ave runs under the Burnside Bridge. The man is dressed in a black hat and tan and pink suit. Horse looking head on at the camera. The Portland Rose Festival Parade is …
Frank Hirahara at New Tokyo Bar (ddr-one-1-79)
img Frank Hirahara at New Tokyo Bar (ddr-one-1-79)
Original black and white photographic print of Frank Hirahara and Rose Mae Hara at the New Tokyo Bar in Portland, Oregon. For negative please see ONLC 2856 (ddr-one-1-80).
Welding (ddr-one-1-442)
img Welding (ddr-one-1-442)
Color slide of an unidentified man wearing a welding helmet and holding tools. Appears to be working on repairing a piece of machinery. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance Tanko Bushi (ddr-one-1-196)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance Tanko Bushi (ddr-one-1-196)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers dancing the Tanko Bushi. Obon dancers: Patricia “Pat” (Ikata) Iboshi, Joe Shiraishi, Mrs. Okiyama, Thomas "Tom" Honma, and Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita. Couple to the left of the light pole are Mary (Muramatsu) Shiiki and Ray Shiiki. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church …
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-202)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-202)
Black and white photographic negative of five Obon dancers in straw hats posing for the camera in front of a crowd. Obon dancers from left to right: Yukiye Itoyama, Noboru Takashima, and all others unidentified. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the …
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-437)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-437)
Black and white photographic print of two Obon dancers in costume, Mrs. Okayama is holding an "uchiwa" (fan), Yukiye Itoyama is holding a "tenugui" (light cotton towel). Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. Negative ONLC 3131 (ddr-one-1-312).
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Hopalong Cassidy (ddr-one-1-555)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Hopalong Cassidy (ddr-one-1-555)
Color slide of Hopalong Cassidy in gray pants and a white shirt with red embroidery waves a white cowboy hat at the crowd gathered to watch the Portland Rose Festival Parade. He is riding his large brown horse past Blue Eagle Café on W Burnside and NW Second Ave. The Portland Rose Festival Parade is an …
Odori costumes (ddr-one-1-63)
img Odori costumes (ddr-one-1-63)
Color slide of three standing women (two posing) in kimonos or yukatas for Odori (traditional Japanese folk dance). From left to right: Mrs. Okayama, Betty Nakashimada, and Mary (Nakata) Fujii.
Dance (ddr-one-1-103)
img Dance (ddr-one-1-103)
Black and white photographic negative of unidentified couples sitting on a long bench along the wall at a dance.
A Couple in a Grocery Store (ddr-one-1-556)
img A Couple in a Grocery Store (ddr-one-1-556)
Black and white photographic negative of a couple standing behind the counter inside a grocery store. The wall behind them is lined with canned and boxed goods. There is cooler next to the counter filled with fresh vegetables.
Portland Rose Festival Parade Float-
img Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- "Old Oregon Trail" (ddr-one-1-519)
Color slide of a Rose Festival Parade float driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float is of a covered wagon and red ox. The covered wagon has "Beaverton or Bust" …
Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-409)
img Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-409)
Black and white photographic negative of an Odori folk dance performance on stage for Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) inside the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). First dancer on the left: Sakae Kobayashi.
Wedding Reception Dance at Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (ddr-one-1-95)
img Wedding Reception Dance at Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (ddr-one-1-95)
Black and white photographic negative of a possible wedding reception dance at the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association's main hall. Band playing the dance is the Jay Howard Band.
Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-394)
img Sorelles Beach Outing (ddr-one-1-394)
Black and white photographic negative of Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya kneeling on the sand at the Oregon Coast at a beach outing planned by the Sorrelles (a high school social group).
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-33)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-33)
Original black and white photographic print of Bride and Groom, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto and Sam Sakamoto, in front of the alter, bride's train twisted and laying on the stairs. Negative ONLC 2817. (ddr-one-1-44).
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-42)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-42)
Black and white photographic negative of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto's wedding from above and behind. Original print ONLC 2804 (ddr-one-1-31).
Wedding portrait of Tatsu Watanabe and Ruth Sono (ddr-one-1-131)
img Wedding portrait of Tatsu Watanabe and Ruth Sono (ddr-one-1-131)
Black and white photographic negative of Tatsu "Dutch" Watanabe and Ruth (Sono) Watanabe looking at each other in their wedding attire.
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-4)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-4)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Agnes (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko “Alice” Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, …
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 11
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 11 "Foxy" (ddr-one-1-544)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 11 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside Blue Eagle Café on NW 2nd Ave, a sign for the Chinese Medicine Co is visible on the building next-door. The float depicts Paul Bunyan and his ox Babe made out of flowers. A child made of red …
Obon Festival (ddr-one-1-295)
img Obon Festival (ddr-one-1-295)
Black and white photographic negative of two unidentified Japanese women in western style clothing with "tenugui" (light cotton towels) around their necks. They are holding "uchiwa" (fan) posing for the camera indoors. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-243)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-243)
Black and white photographic negative of three Obon dancers posing for the camera wearing straw hats. From left to right: Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
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