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Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (215)
Leaving camp (260)
Returning home (1010)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

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1010 items
Message from the Director of the War Relocation Authority and Summery of WRA Policies and Procedures for the Final Phase of the Relocation Program (ddr-densho-356-923)
doc Message from the Director of the War Relocation Authority and Summery of WRA Policies and Procedures for the Final Phase of the Relocation Program (ddr-densho-356-923)
Written message from Dillon S. Myer, Director of the War Relocation Authority to internees regarding the reopening of the West Coast to Japanese Americans. Attached to the message is policy guidelines for resettlement out of WRA camps.
Letter to Yuri Domoto from Mary Suzuki (ddr-densho-356-333)
doc Letter to Yuri Domoto from Mary Suzuki (ddr-densho-356-333)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Mary Suzuki in which she details the summer courses she is taking and her new living arrangements and ask Yuriko for some details about government resettlement programs so she can pass them along to her advisor. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Tak Negi (ddr-densho-356-397)
doc Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Tak Negi (ddr-densho-356-397)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Tak Nomi in which Tak writes about her life in New York City, how she celebrated the holidays, plans for a 10 year college reunion, and thanks for the wedding portrait. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Wak Domoto (ddr-densho-356-581)
doc Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Wak Domoto (ddr-densho-356-581)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from her sister Wakako Domoto. Wak writes her journey to California during which she learned a lot of news about individuals they knew in Japan and Nisei who served in the war, she also details how she spent Easter with their sister Tokuko Kishi.
Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 42 (March 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-16)
doc Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 42 (March 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-16)
Selected article titles: "Negroes, Chinese Oppose ENI" (p.1), "Evacuation Claims Questions, Answers" (p.2), "Toyo San: Saga of Senbei to Smart Photography" (p.3), "Mr. Watanabe Builds His Dream House" (p.11).
Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Sadame Nomi (ddr-densho-356-396)
doc Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Sadame Nomi (ddr-densho-356-396)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Sadame Nomi in which Sadame thanks Yuri for her wedding portrait, provides details about the way she celebrated the holidays and provides details about mutual friends. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Richard and Yuri Tsukada from Mr. & Mrs. W. Senda (ddr-densho-356-395)
doc Letter to Richard and Yuri Tsukada from Mr. & Mrs. W. Senda (ddr-densho-356-395)
Letter to Richard Tsukada and Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Wataro Senda and Seki Senda in which they thank the Tsukadas for a copy of their wedding portrait and inquire about if they plan to return to the West Coast. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Tok (ddr-densho-356-408)
doc Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Tok (ddr-densho-356-408)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from her sister Tokuko Domoto Kishi in which asks about family plans, tells about feelings on resettlement, and how her children have grown. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
American Concentration Camps VOLUME 8 1944 and 1945 Japanese of Hawaii (ddr-densho-372-8)
doc American Concentration Camps VOLUME 8 1944 and 1945 Japanese of Hawaii (ddr-densho-372-8)
Volume 8 divides into five sections. Description about this volume reads directly from the book as follows: Part 1 features archival documents from 1944 and 1945 that depict the winding down of the relocation program. Part 2 features selected pages of a Congressional Record from February 23, 1944 and June 23, 1944 that resulted in the …
Information bulletin (ddr-densho-381-30)
doc Information bulletin (ddr-densho-381-30)
An information bulletin with articles about Minidoka's population, a train wreck, news from Seattle, bus fares, job offers, and three pages of Japanese text, possibly a translation.
Tamako Tokuda standing on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-473)
img Tamako Tokuda standing on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-473)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle.
George and Tamako Tokuda on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-471)
img George and Tamako Tokuda on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-471)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle.
Notes from individuals responding to
doc Notes from individuals responding to "what I would like to do after the war" (ddr-densho-383-542)
Written by Osa Edamura, who would have been a child at the time of incarceration, Gene Yamamoto and George Tsukamoto
Tamako Tokuda holding child (ddr-densho-383-468)
img Tamako Tokuda holding child (ddr-densho-383-468)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle. The child is George and Tamako's oldest son, Floyd. The pair is next to a clothes drying line outside.
Tamako Tokuda holding child (ddr-densho-383-472)
img Tamako Tokuda holding child (ddr-densho-383-472)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle. The child is George and Tamako's oldest son, Floyd. The pair is next to a clothes drying line outside.
Tamako Tokuda standing on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-467)
img Tamako Tokuda standing on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-467)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle.
Man holding child (ddr-densho-383-469)
img Man holding child (ddr-densho-383-469)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle. The child is George and Tamako's oldest son, Floyd. Written on front of photograph: "1946 - Yesler Way". Written on back of photograph: "May 1946".
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-117)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-117)
Wondering where they might live after the war, doesn't look like he will be coming home soon
Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-126)
doc Letter from Alvin Uchiyama to Kathleen Koga Uchiyama (ddr-densho-406-126)
Played softball, heard that his parents want Kathleen and Yuri (Aileen) to go with them to San Jose, but he wants them to stay in camp
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