Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (66)
Leaving camp (128)
Returning home (941)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

941 items
Tamako Tokuda standing on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-467)
img Tamako Tokuda standing on sidewalk (ddr-densho-383-467)
George and Tamako Tokuda's post-war resettlement in Seattle.
Message from the Director of the War Relocation Authority and Summery of WRA Policies and Procedures for the Final Phase of the Relocation Program (ddr-densho-356-923)
doc Message from the Director of the War Relocation Authority and Summery of WRA Policies and Procedures for the Final Phase of the Relocation Program (ddr-densho-356-923)
Written message from Dillon S. Myer, Director of the War Relocation Authority to internees regarding the reopening of the West Coast to Japanese Americans. Attached to the message is policy guidelines for resettlement out of WRA camps.
Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Sadame Nomi (ddr-densho-356-396)
doc Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Sadame Nomi (ddr-densho-356-396)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Sadame Nomi in which Sadame thanks Yuri for her wedding portrait, provides details about the way she celebrated the holidays and provides details about mutual friends. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Yuri Domoto from Mary Suzuki (ddr-densho-356-333)
doc Letter to Yuri Domoto from Mary Suzuki (ddr-densho-356-333)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Mary Suzuki in which she details the summer courses she is taking and her new living arrangements and ask Yuriko for some details about government resettlement programs so she can pass them along to her advisor. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Tak Negi (ddr-densho-356-397)
doc Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Tak Negi (ddr-densho-356-397)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Tak Nomi in which Tak writes about her life in New York City, how she celebrated the holidays, plans for a 10 year college reunion, and thanks for the wedding portrait. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Richard and Yuri Tsukada from Mr. & Mrs. W. Senda (ddr-densho-356-395)
doc Letter to Richard and Yuri Tsukada from Mr. & Mrs. W. Senda (ddr-densho-356-395)
Letter to Richard Tsukada and Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Wataro Senda and Seki Senda in which they thank the Tsukadas for a copy of their wedding portrait and inquire about if they plan to return to the West Coast. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Tok (ddr-densho-356-408)
doc Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Tok (ddr-densho-356-408)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from her sister Tokuko Domoto Kishi in which asks about family plans, tells about feelings on resettlement, and how her children have grown. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Information bulletin (ddr-densho-381-30)
doc Information bulletin (ddr-densho-381-30)
An information bulletin with articles about Minidoka's population, a train wreck, news from Seattle, bus fares, job offers, and three pages of Japanese text, possibly a translation.
Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 42 (March 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-16)
doc Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 42 (March 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-16)
Selected article titles: "Negroes, Chinese Oppose ENI" (p.1), "Evacuation Claims Questions, Answers" (p.2), "Toyo San: Saga of Senbei to Smart Photography" (p.3), "Mr. Watanabe Builds His Dream House" (p.11).
Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Wak Domoto (ddr-densho-356-581)
doc Letter to Yuri Tsukada from Wak Domoto (ddr-densho-356-581)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from her sister Wakako Domoto. Wak writes her journey to California during which she learned a lot of news about individuals they knew in Japan and Nisei who served in the war, she also details how she spent Easter with their sister Tokuko Kishi.
Letters from James Albert
doc Letters from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Kay and George Kida (ddr-one-3-74)
Envelope addressed to George Kida in Nyssa, Oregon. Contains a letter to George Kida and a letter to Miyuki "Kay" Kida from James Albert "Al" Johnson dated January 11, 1945. He wants George to come back to White Salmon to take over their land now that loyal Japanese are allowed to return to the West Coast. …
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-309)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-309)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers rehearsing an Odori folk dance in front of a small audience inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Obon dancers from left to right: Tom Shigeto Tamiyasu, and Arthur Ojiro “Art” Sasaki. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) …
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-417)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-417)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at the Northwest Buddhist Convention banquet dinner in the basement of the Seattle Buddhist Church. A flag with the Wheel of Dharma is visible behind the head table. Sitting at table in foreground on left hand side from left to right: Harry Toshi, unidentified, Irene (Fujii) Mano, unidentified and …
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-301)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-301)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers practicing an Odori folk dance inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Third Obon dancer from the left is identified as Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei …
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-10)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-10)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Anges (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, …
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-436)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-436)
Black and white photographic print of six Obon dancers posing for the camera holding small Japanese and American flags. From left to right: Eddie Tamiyasu, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okasaki, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now …
Oregon Buddhist Church Talent Show (ddr-one-1-338)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Talent Show (ddr-one-1-338)
Five unidentified girls have their faces painted black and are dressed up in large white gloves and patched jeans. Appear to be performing a tap dance at the annual talent show hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple).
Portland Rose Festival Parade- cowboy (ddr-one-1-505)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- cowboy (ddr-one-1-505)
Color slide of a Roy Rogers in a white suit and hat riding a palomino horse in the Rose Festival Parade on SW Third Ave, he is passing a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. In the foreground is Dale Evans riding a horse in …
Portland Rose Festival Parade-  float 20
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 20 "Circus Special" (ddr-one-1-155)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 20 being pulled by two brown horses down W Burnside in front of the W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties and the Riverside Hotel and Cafe. The float is a large streetcar decorated with flowers, with a sign above reading "Circus Special." The side of the float reads "Milwaukie," …
Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance (ddr-one-1-118)
img Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance (ddr-one-1-118)
Black and white photographic negative of unidentified couples dancing at the Third Annual Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance at McElroy's Ballroom in Portland, Oregon. To the far right in front of the stage in black heels and light color skirt and jacket is Kathleen Sasaki dancing with an unidentified man.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-205)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-205)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers with arms raised to their left shoulder. In the upper center is a large podium with lanterns. Crowd sits on grass or park benches. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. …
Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-323)
img Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-323)
Black and white photographic negative of a street lined with cars. Inscription reads "Northwest Methodist Rally Portland/Northwest Methodist Rally - Portland/Northwest Methodist Rally Portland/Northwest Methodist Rally - Portland/Nov. 23-25, 1951/Northwest Rally Portland."
Electrical tower (ddr-one-1-443)
img Electrical tower (ddr-one-1-443)
Color slide of what appears to be the inside of an electrical tower looking up towards a clear sky. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Obon Festival- Children dancers (ddr-one-1-253)
img Obon Festival- Children dancers (ddr-one-1-253)
Black and white photographic negative of five unidentified children dancing at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Women's Drill Team (ddr-one-1-156)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Women's Drill Team (ddr-one-1-156)
Color slide of an unknown women's drill team in white uniforms marching in the Portland Rose Festival Parade down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Shoreline Hotel and Cafe. Sign for the Blue Eagle Cafe and Dr. Geo Chan is visible in the background. The Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in …
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