Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

Returning home (911)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

911 items
Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) at Oregon Buddhist Church (ddr-one-1-401)
img Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) at Oregon Buddhist Church (ddr-one-1-401)
Black and white photographic negative of a crowd at Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) at Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple).
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-280)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-280)
Black and white photographic negative of Fukiyo Masuda smiling for the camera at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Methodist Banquet (ddr-one-1-344)
img Methodist Banquet (ddr-one-1-344)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at a banquet held inside a church. Guest seated along right side of table in foreground from left to right: May (Ebihara) Gelfand, Rose Namba, unidentified, Loretta (Fujii) Kaneko, unidentified, Betty Ishida, and Jayne (Katada) Furukawa. All other guests unidentified. Sign behind the pulpit reads: "Just a Happy Smile ...
Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Chigo Procession (ddr-one-1-48)
img Oregon Buddhist Church 50th Anniversary Celebration Chigo Procession (ddr-one-1-48)
Color slide of the Chigo "Children's" Procession to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Children are dressed in traditional Japanese children's ceremonial costumes and walk in a line down a street in front of the US Custom House in Northwest Portland. They are following ...
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-374)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-374)
Black and white photographic negative of Nisei sitting on a blanket at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, Roy Otsuki, and Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida.
Nisei (ddr-one-1-299)
img Nisei (ddr-one-1-299)
Black and white photographic negative of nine Nisei smiling for the camera indoors. Women from left to right: all unidentified except fifth from the left, Irene (Fujii) Mano. Men back row left to right: unidentified, Yoichi “Cannon” Kitayama, and Shorty Kaga. Man in front: Ned Maeda.
YBA Tacoma Baseball Team (ddr-one-1-28)
img YBA Tacoma Baseball Team (ddr-one-1-28)
Black and white photographic negative of a Japanese American baseball team in uniforms that read "YBA". The team has been identified as from Tacoma, Washington. First from the right in the front row: Ted Taniguchi, First from the right in the back row: Stogie Kawabata.
Obon dance (ddr-one-1-76)
img Obon dance (ddr-one-1-76)
Black and white photographic print of large group dancing Odori (a traditional folk dance) with "uchiwa" (fans) during Obon Festival in front a large seated crowed outside. Outer circle of Obon dancers from right to left, starting left of podium: Tomi Tsujimura, Shizuko Oda, unidentified woman, Phyllis Midori (Ando) Muramatsu, all remaining unidentified. Inner circle of ...
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-7)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-7)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Anges (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko “Alice” (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida ...
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-15)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-15)
Black and white photographic negative of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba, Jean Matsumoto, Lillian (Niimi) Mikariya, Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Kathleen “Kathie” Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, Frances (Kinoshita) Mayeda, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, and Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka. Third Row: Nami (Miura) Koida, Miriam (Koyama ...
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet- Kitchen (ddr-one-1-420)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet- Kitchen (ddr-one-1-420)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at the Northwest Buddhist Convention banquet dinner in the basement of the Seattle Buddhist Church. Sitting from left to right at table in foreground: unidentified, Sumiye (Fukei) Kato, and Ken Kagita, others unidentified.
Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-404)
img Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-404)
Black and white photographic negative of an Odori folk dance performance on a stage for Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) at Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Dancers on stage from left to right: Mary (Nakata) Fujii, Shiz (Fujita) Inaba.
Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-406)
img Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) Odori Performance (ddr-one-1-406)
Black and white photographic negative of two unidentified dancers with fans performing an Odori folk dance on stage for Hanamatsuri (birth of Buddha celebration) inside the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple). Two woman sit on stage in western style clothes, one playing a shamisen. A man is visible looking around the curtain ...
Congregation (ddr-one-1-328)
img Congregation (ddr-one-1-328)
Black and white photographic negative of a Christian congregation sitting in pews looking forward. Man setting on the far left is Tsugo Ikeda. No one identified in first pew. Second pew from left to right: Betty Ishida, and Jayne (Katada) Furukawa, others unidentified. Note on identification sheets says saddle shoes worn in image were made by ...
Reed College (ddr-one-1-351)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-351)
Black and white photographic negative of Ayame Ogimi's dorm room at Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Ayame Ogimi is seated on the floor smiling towards the camera, friends seated in semi-circle are unidentified.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 19
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 19 "Junior Court" (ddr-one-1-490)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 19 driving down SW Third Ave in front of a large crowd gathered outside a Signal gas station and San Francisco Tailor, behind the Signal gas station is the old Multnomah Hotel. The float has six visible young couples dressed in white suits and pink dresses. They are standing ...
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-36)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-36)
Original black and white photographic print of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto's wedding reception. About 11 people sitting around banquet tables. Wedding party seated along back wall; from left to right: Yoichi "Jack" Nomi, Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi, Sam Sakamoto, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto, Keso Kuwahara, Lilly (Kobayashi) Irinaga. Rest of the guests are unidentified. For ...
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-41)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-41)
Original black and white photographic print of Bridal party standing in front of the alter. Left to right: Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi, Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto, and Lilly (Kobayashi) Irinaga.
Portland Rose Festival Parade Float-
img Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- "Timber Carnival" (ddr-one-1-552)
Color slide of a float in the Rose Festival Parade driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Shoreline and Grant Hotels. The float is made of green foliage and has a large log with a lumberjack made of red and blue flowers on top. The sign on the side of the log ...
Rose tray (ddr-one-1-526)
img Rose tray (ddr-one-1-526)
Color slide of two young girls in purple costumes kneeling and holding a large tray of pink rose buds with ribbons tied around their stems. The girls are kneeling before 1951 Rose Festival Queen Gloria Krieger who is dressed in a white jacket and hat and sitting in a golden chair. The woman holds a small ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-312)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-312)
Black and white photographic negative of two Obon dancers in costume, Mrs. Okayama is holding an "uchiwa" (fan), Yukiye Itoyama is holding a tenugui (light cotton towel). Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. Original print ONLC 3261 (ddr-one-1-437).
Community picnic (ddr-one-1-453)
img Community picnic (ddr-one-1-453)
Color slide of people sitting around a picnic table at a community picnic. From left to right: Ted Tamaki, Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Eddie Tamiyasu, Nobuko (Ochiai) Susaki, and unidentified. According to donor processed on September 12, 1952.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-258)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-258)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers in three partial circles performing in front of a large crowd seated in bleachers. Inner circle: Tom Shigeto Tamiyasu. Middle circle foreground to background: Joan “Janice” (Nakayama) Kimoto, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, and Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando. Outer circle: second from the front: Tomi Tsujimura. Obon is an annual ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-290)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-290)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers wearing straw hats performing an Odori folk dance in front of a large crowd at Obon. Obon Dancers: second to the right Grace (Tachibana) Ishikawa, and third to the right Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known ...
Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-323)
img Northwest Methodist Rally Portland (ddr-one-1-323)
Black and white photographic negative of a street lined with cars. Inscription reads "Northwest Methodist Rally Portland/Northwest Methodist Rally - Portland/Northwest Methodist Rally Portland/Northwest Methodist Rally - Portland/Nov. 23-25, 1951/Northwest Rally Portland."
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