Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (231)
Leaving camp (287)
Returning home (1048)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

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1048 items
Message from D.S. Myer, the Director of the War Relocation Authority (ddr-csujad-55-182)
doc Message from D.S. Myer, the Director of the War Relocation Authority (ddr-csujad-55-182)
Response by D.S. Meyer, director of the War Relocation Authority, to incarcerees discussing the implications and procedures following the lifting of the exclusion orders by the Western Defense Command in January 1945. Includes "Summary of WRA policies and procedures for the final phase of the relocation program" and information on relocation assistance, property assistance, welfare assistance, …
Nisei enemy gets jail term (ddr-csujad-55-1974)
doc Nisei enemy gets jail term (ddr-csujad-55-1974)
Clipping of the article, "Nisei Enemy Gets Jail Term." From the Masako Adachi scrapbook, page 20. See also sac_jaac_1953. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1977
Memo from Frank S. Okusako, 1st Lt, Infantry, Company H, 442d Infantry to Commanding General, Western Defense Command, Presidio of San Francisco, California (Thru Channels), August 30, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-229)
doc Memo from Frank S. Okusako, 1st Lt, Infantry, Company H, 442d Infantry to Commanding General, Western Defense Command, Presidio of San Francisco, California (Thru Channels), August 30, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-229)
Memorandum of understanding from Frank S. Okusako to Commanding General, Western Defense Command regarding relocation of Okusako's family from the Tule Lake incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0231
Letter from Leo Uchida to James Waegell, November 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2338)
doc Letter from Leo Uchida to James Waegell, November 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2338)
Correspondence from Leo Uchida to James Waegell regarding military service during World War II, family relocation to do farming work, and updates on daily life. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2444
Letter from Rev. John M. Yamazaki, March 27, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-789)
doc Letter from Rev. John M. Yamazaki, March 27, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-789)
Correspondence from Reverend John M. Yamazaki to "friends" regarding "resettlement" to the west coast. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0791
Letter from Kenneth Hori to George Waegell, August 5, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-2557)
doc Letter from Kenneth Hori to George Waegell, August 5, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-2557)
Correspondence from Kenneth Hori to George Waegell. Kenneth states he is stationed at Camp Ritchie in Maryland. Kenneth's family is expected to return to Florin, California. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2664
Facts about trouble at Auburn, California, given by WRA West Coast Assistant Director (ddr-csujad-55-1676)
doc Facts about trouble at Auburn, California, given by WRA West Coast Assistant Director (ddr-csujad-55-1676)
Report on an incident of racial violence in Auburn, California against former incarceree Sumio Doi and family. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1678
When you leave the relocation center (ddr-csujad-55-792)
doc When you leave the relocation center (ddr-csujad-55-792)
Pamphlet on instructions for leaving the "relocation center." Covers: Giving notice of time of arrival; Travelers' aid society; Report of arrival and change of address cards; Travel and change of address for aliens; Relocation assistance payments; Special regulations in Western Defense Command; Relocation officers; War manpower restrictions on job changes; West coast security problems; Shipment of …
Interview with George Hamamoto, (audio) (ddr-csujad-56-1)
av Interview with George Hamamoto, (audio) (ddr-csujad-56-1)
Sonoma County resident George Hamamoto was interviewed on June 20, 1978, by a Sonoma State University student for the North Bay Ethnic Archive Project. He discusses growing up in Sebastopol, the family grocery store, removal to Assembly Center in Merced, then incarceration at Granada (Amache) camp. Discusses organization and administration of camp, and return to Napa …
George and Jean Abe interview (ddr-csujad-6-1)
doc George and Jean Abe interview (ddr-csujad-6-1)
Oral history interview with George and Jean Abe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_ABE_GEORGE_AND_JEAN
Sam Maeda interview (ddr-csujad-6-18)
doc Sam Maeda interview (ddr-csujad-6-18)
Oral history interview with Sam Maeda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MAEDA_SAM
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
doc George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
Oral history interview with George Okada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OKADA_GEORGE
Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
doc Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
Oral history interview with Sadawo Yonaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_YONAKI_SADAWO
Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
doc Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
Oral history interview with Takashi Tsutsui. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TSUTSUI_TAKASHI
Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
doc Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
Oral history interview with Robert Ohki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OHKI_ROBERT
Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
doc Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
Oral history interview with Johnny and Yo Niizawa. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NIIZAWA_JOHNNY_AND_YO
Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
doc Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
Oral history interview with Fred Hashimoto. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HASHIMOTO_FRED
Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
doc Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Frank Nishio. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NISHIO_FRANK
Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
doc Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
Oral history interview with Mamoru Masuda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASUDA_MAMORU
Saburo Masada interview (ddr-csujad-6-20)
doc Saburo Masada interview (ddr-csujad-6-20)
Oral history interview with Saburo Masada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASADA_SABURO
Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
doc Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
Oral history interview with Fude Tanioka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIOKA_FUDE
Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
doc Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
Oral history interview with Izumi Taniguchi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIGUCHI_IZUMI
Dr. Kikuo H. Taira (ddr-csujad-8-70)
doc Dr. Kikuo H. Taira (ddr-csujad-8-70)
Oral history interview with Dr. Kikuo H. Taira. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Taira, Dr Kikuo
Dr. George Suda (ddr-csujad-8-65)
doc Dr. George Suda (ddr-csujad-8-65)
Oral history interview with Dr. George Suda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Suda, Dr George
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