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Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (215)
Leaving camp (260)
Returning home (1010)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

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1010 items
Letter from Mrs. T. Nakagawa to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, January 17, [1946], [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-188)
doc Letter from Mrs. T. Nakagawa to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, January 17, [1946], [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-188)
A letter from Mrs. T. Nakagawa, a former incarceree in the Rhower incarceration camp, to Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine. She informs that her family is doing well and thanks them for their kindness when her daughter, Shizue, visited them. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_02_32_001
Letter from Makoto Okine to Seiichi Okine, October 12, [1945] [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-187)
doc Letter from Makoto Okine to Seiichi Okine, October 12, [1945] [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-187)
A letter from Makoto Okine to his father, Seiichi Okine in the Rohwer incarceration camp. It appears that he writes from Italy where he is stationed as a U. S. Army solder. He assumes that many people has left the Rohwer incarceration camp and it appears empty. He mentions that his brother, Masao's request [probably for …
Letter from Corine Key, Relocation Adviser, Rohwer Relocation Center, to Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director, November 1, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-97)
doc Letter from Corine Key, Relocation Adviser, Rohwer Relocation Center, to Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director, November 1, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-97)
A letter from Corine Key, Relocation Advisor at the Rohwer incarceration camp to Federal Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director in Long Beach, California. It certifies that the Okines are eligible for federal housing on the basis of their sons' service with the U.S. Army. Enclosed with other items: csudh_oki_0099, csudh_oki_0100, and csudh_oki_0101. See this object …
G.D. Holmquist Contract Housing Manager terms and conditions of occupancy (ddr-csujad-5-100)
doc G.D. Holmquist Contract Housing Manager terms and conditions of occupancy (ddr-csujad-5-100)
Terms and conditions of occupancy issued by G.D. Holmquist Contract Housing Manager. Enclosed with the letter (csudh_oki_0098). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_30_004
Japanese address-book, L.A., Cal. 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-296)
doc Japanese address-book, L.A., Cal. 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-296)
A directory compiled by Roy Tazawa in 1945. It lists addresses of the Japanese and Japanese Americans who returned to Los Angeles, California after the forced evacuation and incarceration. It also includes Japanese American business guide and advertisements. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_03_33_001
Dr. Kikuo H. Taira (ddr-csujad-8-70)
doc Dr. Kikuo H. Taira (ddr-csujad-8-70)
Oral history interview with Dr. Kikuo H. Taira. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Taira, Dr Kikuo
Dr. George Suda (ddr-csujad-8-65)
doc Dr. George Suda (ddr-csujad-8-65)
Oral history interview with Dr. George Suda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Suda, Dr George
Bessie Ezaki (ddr-csujad-8-11)
doc Bessie Ezaki (ddr-csujad-8-11)
Oral history interview with Aiko Bessie Ezaki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ezaki, Bessie
Masao Okamura (ddr-csujad-8-57)
doc Masao Okamura (ddr-csujad-8-57)
Oral history interview with Masao Okamura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Okamura, Masao
Mr. Kazuo Hiyama (ddr-csujad-8-22)
doc Mr. Kazuo Hiyama (ddr-csujad-8-22)
Oral history interview with Mr. Kazuo Hiyama. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hiyama, Mr Kazuo
Shizuye Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-45)
doc Shizuye Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-45)
Oral history interview with Shizuye [Shizue] Nagata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nagata, Shizuye
Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
Oral history interview with Masao and Haruye [Harue] Nakata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nakata, Mr and Mrs Masao
Matsushige Mats Ando (ddr-csujad-8-2)
doc Matsushige Mats Ando (ddr-csujad-8-2)
Oral history interview with Matsushige [Mats] Ando. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ando, Matsushige Mats
Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
doc Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
Oral history interview with Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kurakawa, Heiji and Chiyoko
George and Jean Abe interview (ddr-csujad-6-1)
doc George and Jean Abe interview (ddr-csujad-6-1)
Oral history interview with George and Jean Abe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_ABE_GEORGE_AND_JEAN
Sam Maeda interview (ddr-csujad-6-18)
doc Sam Maeda interview (ddr-csujad-6-18)
Oral history interview with Sam Maeda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MAEDA_SAM
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
doc George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
Oral history interview with George Okada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OKADA_GEORGE
Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
doc Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
Oral history interview with Sadawo Yonaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_YONAKI_SADAWO
Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
doc Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
Oral history interview with Takashi Tsutsui. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TSUTSUI_TAKASHI
Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
doc Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
Oral history interview with Robert Ohki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OHKI_ROBERT
Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
doc Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
Oral history interview with Johnny and Yo Niizawa. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NIIZAWA_JOHNNY_AND_YO
Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
doc Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
Oral history interview with Fred Hashimoto. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HASHIMOTO_FRED
Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
doc Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Frank Nishio. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NISHIO_FRANK
Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
doc Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
Oral history interview with Mamoru Masuda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASUDA_MAMORU
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