442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (617)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1541 items
442nd parade into Carrara (ddr-densho-201-575)
img 442nd parade into Carrara (ddr-densho-201-575)
Caption in album: "Elements of 442 Inf. entered Carrara with the aid of partisans."
Japanese American bugler (ddr-densho-201-1)
img Japanese American bugler (ddr-densho-201-1)
Stanley Fujiki, Brother of "Flash," Hono. HI, C Co. Bugler.
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-510)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-510)
Caption in album: "Norman Fujii / California."
img "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946" (ddr-densho-201-222)
Caption on front: "442 Infrantry [sic] Regiment Gives Final Parade." Caption on side: "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946."
img "Roy Kawase, heavy eqpt Co. C. 100th Bn." (ddr-densho-201-384)
Japanese American soldier carrying heavy equipment over rocks. Caption on front: "Roy Kawase, heavy eqpt Co. C. 100th Bn."
Three men waving out a windowTop-Kick Col. Miller
img Three men waving out a windowTop-Kick Col. Miller" (ddr-densho-201-366)
Colonel, girl, and women. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy.'Top-Kick Col. Miller."
Streets of Carrara (ddr-densho-201-583)
img Streets of Carrara (ddr-densho-201-583)
Caption in album: "In this square one of our medic truck was directly hit by artillery."
Soldiers watching dolphins (ddr-densho-201-820)
img Soldiers watching dolphins (ddr-densho-201-820)
Soldiers on a ship taking them back to the United States.
Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-514)
img Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-514)
Caption in album: "'Long John' Tsukushima / Colorado."
img "July & Aug 1945 442nd & 100th took break in Lecco - went swimming - saw boxing and USO show in Milan" (ddr-densho-201-303)
Caption on front: "Lecco - Giardini pubblici [Lecco - public gardens]." Caption in album: "July & Aug 1945 442nd & 100th took break in Lecco - went swimming - saw boxing and USO show in Milan."
img "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy." (ddr-densho-201-364)
Crowded ship in dock. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy."
img "Rest (bayonet drill)" (ddr-densho-201-215)
Japanese American soldier resting a bayonet on the ground. Caption on reverse: "Rest (bayonet drill), 4-12-42."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-502)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-502)
Caption in album: "Osamu Fujii / Californai."
B-17 at Pisa Airfield (ddr-densho-201-571)
img B-17 at Pisa Airfield (ddr-densho-201-571)
Caption in album: "B-17 ride and we all got 'air sick' / Pisa Airfield."
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