442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Memorial Day services (ddr-densho-114-162)
img Memorial Day services (ddr-densho-114-162)
Original caption: Japanese-American soldiers of the 442nd Regiment Combat Team, 2nd Battalion, salute as the American national anthem is played at the finale of the Memorial Day services held at the front, in France. Seventh Army. 11/11/44. Fay's area, France.
Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-114-49)
img Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-114-49)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. At a forward Command Post, Pfc. Bob T. Nakamura of Oahu, Hawaii, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, makes sure that he will not loose his laundry by hanging it on a jeep. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the location is Castellina.]
Nisei soldiers on the move (ddr-densho-114-40)
img Nisei soldiers on the move (ddr-densho-114-40)
Original caption: Bruyeres, France. File of Japanese-American Infantrymen moves past wooded area. 24 Oct 1944.
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-113)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-113)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss., Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii, and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-169)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-169)
Basic training at Camp Shelby. Nisei soldiers throwing fragmentation grenades.
442nd Regimental Combat Team parade (ddr-densho-114-184)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team parade (ddr-densho-114-184)
Original caption: Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington, D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Mr. Bill Davenport of 1569 Ethel Avenue, Lincoln Park, Michigan, former company commander in the 442nd Infantry, who was discharged last month ...
Nisei soldiers receiving Presidential Citation (ddr-densho-114-79)
img Nisei soldiers receiving Presidential Citation (ddr-densho-114-79)
Original caption: Rosignano Area, Italy. The standards of Company A, B, C, and D of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regt., 34th Division, composed of Americans of Japanese descent, are topped with flying battle streamers, awarded through a Presidential Citation, tied on by Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, CG, U.S. Fifth Army. 27 July 1944.
Nisei soldier sorts German equipment (ddr-densho-114-14)
img Nisei soldier sorts German equipment (ddr-densho-114-14)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. S/Sgt. George Y. Fujino, Los Angeles, Calif., of Company "C", 100th Battalion, of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, looks over German clothing and equipment at the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. 18 May 1945. [The correct spelling of the location is Brescia.]
Nisei soldiers on patrol (ddr-densho-114-179)
img Nisei soldiers on patrol (ddr-densho-114-179)
Original caption: [illegible] troops of Japanese ancestry, ride jeep patrol through the streets of Leghorn, Italy. Fifth Army, July 19, 1944.
A foxhole on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-125)
img A foxhole on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-125)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American soldier talks to a buddy through the observation port of a well camouflaged fox-hole. This unit, comprised of Japanese-Americans, are holding a section of the front line. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment, (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers meeting with General Clark (ddr-densho-114-117)
img Nisei soldiers meeting with General Clark (ddr-densho-114-117)
Original caption: Lucca Area, Italy. Gen. Mark W. Clark, CG of the Fifteenth Army Group (touring the 92nd Division Area) welcomes the men of the 442nd Regiment, and the 100th Battalion, who are now under his command. General Clark formerly commanded them while he was CG of the Fifth Army, and they were then with the ...
Nisei soldier escorting prisoners of war (ddr-densho-114-170)
img Nisei soldier escorting prisoners of war (ddr-densho-114-170)
Prisoners of war being taken to Ghedi Air Base in Italy to be processed.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-59)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-59)
Original caption: Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Mr. Bill Davenport of 1569 Ethel Avenue, Lincoln Park, Michigan, former company commander in the 442nd Infantry, who was discharged last month ...
Soldier portrait (ddr-densho-323-2)
img Soldier portrait (ddr-densho-323-2)
Portrait of Fred Shiosaki in uniform; a brief note for home is written on the back around Christmastime. Mr. Shiosaki was fighting in France at the time.
World War II veteran (ddr-densho-323-5)
img World War II veteran (ddr-densho-323-5)
Fred Shiosaki stands alone next to an old photo of himself during the war with fellow soldiers.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 2 (January 16, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 2 (January 16, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-2)
Selected article titles: "Orange County School Dedicated to 442 Hero: Sgt. Kazuo Masuda" (p. 1), "OSS Broadcaster" (p. 2), and "Editorials: JACL Will Not Be Intimidated" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
Selected article titles: "JACL National President Meets with Clinton" (pp. 1, 15), "JACL Message: Keep Affirmative Action in California Education" (pp. 1, 6, 15), "From the ORA: Potentially Eligible Redress Recipients" (pp. 10-14), and "GIs Return 'Home' to Camp Shelby" (p. 15).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 3 (July 16, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 3 (July 16, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-28)
Selected article titles: "IBM Case Adds Friction to U.S.-Japan Trade" (pp. 1, 5), "Mineta Urges Fifth Preference to Remain in Immigration Law" (pp. 1, 4), "Census: 5,000 in U.S. Turn 65 Years of Age Every Day" (pp. 1, 8), and "Ye Editor's Desk: 100/442nd/MIS Museum Foundation" (p. 4).
Man in military uniform outside a tent (ddr-densho-201-38)
img Man in military uniform outside a tent (ddr-densho-201-38)
Man in military uniform outside a tent. Street sign behind reads "12 Street."
Combat silhouette (ddr-densho-201-28)
img Combat silhouette (ddr-densho-201-28)
Silhouette of a man in combat gear standing in a watchtower surrounded by barbed wire fencing. Location and date unknown.
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