442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
img "John Nakano Seattle, Walt Ogura 'Pen Beach' Italy, Geo. Tanagi Seattle" (ddr-densho-201-398)
Japanese American soldiers on a beach. Caption on front: "John Nakano Seattle, Walt Ogura 'Pen Beach' Italy, Geo. Tanagi Seattle."
Soldier standing in front of house (ddr-densho-201-347)
img Soldier standing in front of house (ddr-densho-201-347)
Soldier standing in front of house. Caption on front: "Wallace Ryan."
Man in military uniform outside a tent (ddr-densho-201-38)
img Man in military uniform outside a tent (ddr-densho-201-38)
Man in military uniform outside a tent. Street sign behind reads "12 Street."
img "Brother Matsuo" (ddr-densho-201-309)
Japanese American soldier posed on porch. Caption on front: "Brother Matsuo."
Japanese American man lounging on Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-282)
img Japanese American man lounging on Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-282)
Caption on front: "Tom Harimoto 442nd Basketball Captain." Caption on post-it note in album: "Tom Harimoto, I Co. Honolulu, HI."
Portrait of seven soldiers (ddr-densho-201-379)
img Portrait of seven soldiers (ddr-densho-201-379)
Caption on front: "Geo Masushige Cal., Ken[go] Otsuka Walnut Grove Cal., Bill Omoto Monterey Cal., Shig Chinen, [?], Sam Fujii, Uchrono [?].
Soldier reading Stars and Stripes newspaper (ddr-densho-201-68)
img Soldier reading Stars and Stripes newspaper (ddr-densho-201-68)
Two Japanese American soldiers sitting. The soldier in the foreground is reading The Stars and Stripes military newspaper.
Soldier sitting outside tent with puppy (ddr-densho-201-93)
img Soldier sitting outside tent with puppy (ddr-densho-201-93)
Japanese American soldier sitting outside a tent holding a puppy. Caption on reverse: "Chick Kawata."
Two Japanese American soldiers in swimming trunks on a beach (ddr-densho-201-397)
img Two Japanese American soldiers in swimming trunks on a beach (ddr-densho-201-397)
Two Japanese American soldiers in swimming trunks on a beach. Caption on front: "John Nakano, Walt Ogura."
Soldier on telephone with rifle (ddr-densho-201-42)
img Soldier on telephone with rifle (ddr-densho-201-42)
Japanese American man sitting in a watchtower on the telephone, a rifle leaning against the wall beside him.
Soldiers and civilian on commercial street (ddr-densho-201-159)
img Soldiers and civilian on commercial street (ddr-densho-201-159)
Three Japanese American soldiers and one Japanese American man in civilian attire walking down a commercial street.
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