442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-92-45)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-92-45)
Liberating the town of Bruyeres, Japanese American officers are mistaken for Chinese

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-190-40)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-190-40)
Returning home, meeting a member of the "Lost Battalion" from Texas

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-190-30)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-190-30)
Combat in Bruyeres: new replacement soldiers seeing battle for the first time

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-40-14)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-40-14)
Description of Camp Shelby, Mississippi

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-40-21)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-40-21)
The first day of fighting

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World ...

Masao Watanabe Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-103-36)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-103-36)
Receiving aid from Italian partisans

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-105-9)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-105-9)
Breaking the Gothic Line

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during World War II.

Ryo Imamura Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-27-19)
vh Ryo Imamura Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-27-19)
Buddhist philosophy of non-attachment to "forms": Buddhist 442nd soldiers' acceptance of a Christian chaplain
Sadaichi Kubota Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-40-16)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-40-16)
Creative thinking leads to army promotion

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during ...

Masao Watanabe Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-103-26)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-103-26)
Description of weaponry

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-3-2)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-3-2)
The impressive record of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team: "[W]e had something to prove, that we were loyal Americans."

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Interview (ddr-densho-1000-3)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Interview (ddr-densho-1000-3)
This interview centers on these individuals' military service during WWII as members of I Company, part of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, an all-Japanese American fighting unit and one of the most highly decorated military units in U.S. history. During this interview they discuss their experiences training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi and fighting in Europe ...
Fred Matsumura Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-46-11)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-46-11)
Meeting the mainland Japanese Americans at Camp Shelby

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-46-10)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-46-10)
The long trip to Camp Shelby for basic training

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-46-13)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-46-13)
Memories of Camp Shelby and basic training: good friends

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-46-20)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-46-20)
Battle of the "Lost Battalion"

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Fred Matsumura Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-46-18)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-46-18)
Coping with combat

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Fred Matsumura Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-46-15)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-46-15)
Moving out: the trip overseas

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Fred Suyekichi and Akino Kinoshita receiving a flag (ddr-densho-348-12)
img Fred Suyekichi and Akino Kinoshita receiving a flag (ddr-densho-348-12)
Fred Suyekichi and Akino Kinoshita (center and left) receive a flag in honor of their son Staff Sergeant Francis "Bako" Kinoshita, killed in action in World War II, accompanied by a family friend (right).
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