442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Letter from Cedrick M. Shimo to the Office of Redress Admnistration [Administration], December 4, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-73)
doc Letter from Cedrick M. Shimo to the Office of Redress Admnistration [Administration], December 4, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-73)
A letter from Cedrick Shimo to the Office of Redress Administration arguing that Manabi Matoba is entitled to a redress payment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_05_007
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 88 (November 4, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-253)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 88 (November 4, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-253)
"D.C. Japanese Hold Solemn Services At Arlington for Nisei GI Dead" (p. 2), "Texas Salutes 442 Nisei GI's for '44 Feat" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
"NVC to Show 442nd Film" (p. 1), "U.S. Navy Now Admits Nisei" (p. 1), "Three Judges Hear Case of Mrs. Bouiss" (p. 1), "Two Wholesale Evacuations: American and Canadian" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 52 (June 29, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-219)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 52 (June 29, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-219)
"Pvt. Kawaguchi Rites Friday" (p. 1), "Symington, Air Force Aide, Will Speak at Americanism Rites During Fourth Fete" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 81 (November 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-68)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 81 (November 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-68)
"Nisei War Dead Start for Home" (p. 1), "Naturalization Class to Open For Overseas War Brides" (p. 1), "Civil Rights Committee Adopts JACL-ADC Recommendations" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 100 (December 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-161)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 100 (December 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-161)
"OK of Measure for Equality Seen Likely" (p. 1), "Joint Rites Set for Six GI War Dead Saturday, Dec. 11 in Bukkyo-Kai; One of Nisei Heroes is Winner of DSC" (p. 1), "JACL Will Give Claims Forms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 65 (August 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-232)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 65 (August 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-232)
"Next "Open Night' on Wed., Aug. 17; Take Advantage of It, Okada Urges" (p. 1), "Illinois Senator Cites Record of Nisei GI's in Urging Passage of Judd Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 85 (November 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-72)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 85 (November 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-72)
"Full Backing of JACL Urged by Mike Masaoka in Talk Here" (p. 1), "Transport Ship Renamed in Honor of Nisei GI Hero" (p. 1), "Magnuson of Washington Named on Special Unit to Weigh Evacuation Claims Measure" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 12 (February 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-179)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 12 (February 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-179)
"Senate Unit Backs Bill on Equality" (p. 1), "Pvt. Ninomiya Rites Saturday" (p. 1), "Additional Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 41 (May 21, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-208)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 41 (May 21, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-208)
"B.C. Union Resolves Not to Oppose to Japanese Getting Fish Licenses" (p. 1), "Local Community Will Pay Tribute to GI Dead May 30" (p. 1),
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-28)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-28)
Nisei soldier's caption: French Alps. After the tough time up north it was pretty easy here. It was a beautiful country so clean and untouched by war. Our Bn. was spread far out companies being from 10 to 20 miles away from the C.P. Just occasional patrols and jeep patrols. Communications had a big ...
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-57)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-57)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to ...
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-69)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-69)
Nisei soldier's caption: Footpower instead of gas. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
Nisei soldier in Italy (ddr-densho-164-91)
img Nisei soldier in Italy (ddr-densho-164-91)
Nisei soldier's caption: Wireman Gordon Kadowaki. It was a sad time for us to see our friends we slept and fought together with leave. But they earned it most of them being in the army from four to six years, and fought from Salerno on. It was a sad place with new replacements in their ...
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-107)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-107)
Nisei soldier's caption: Dorothy Hasegawa originally came from Sacramento. 10 years ago she came to Italy to study music. The war caught her in Milan and in meantime became one of the leading soprano. Our boys had quite a feast when they visited her. She cooked Japanese food for them.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-75)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-75)
Nisei soldier's caption: Turkomans guarded by partisans. These Turks were captured by the Germans in Russia and taken to Italy as laborers. The partisans were of use during the end of the war in rounding up the surrendering jerries but not when they fired back.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-51)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-51)
Nisei soldier's caption: Orange lined trees in Menton.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-35)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-35)
Nisei soldier's caption: '500' game going. We pulled out of St. Martins and came to Nile in Dec. 1944. Here the weather was very nice, including the scenery. We were wondering where we're going next.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-101)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-101)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Nisei soldiers visiting Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome (ddr-densho-164-10)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome (ddr-densho-164-10)
Nisei soldier's caption: Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome. A beautiful sight, from glistening white marble, a sight to behold.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-33)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-33)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pill box on road to St. Sauveur.
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-62)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-62)
Nisei soldier's caption: M.P. Frank Mayeda. To get away from the untasty we traded some of our ration for vegetable. Got rid of our beans, coffee, bread, cereal and etc.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-105)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-105)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-88)
img Soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-88)
Nisei soldier's caption: Going home. Corbin, Di Mailo, Chipman, Kometani.
Statue in France (ddr-densho-164-55)
img Statue in France (ddr-densho-164-55)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to ...
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