442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Soldiers getting an autograph (ddr-densho-201-554)
img Soldiers getting an autograph (ddr-densho-201-554)
Caption in album: "USO Show / Went to see U.S.O. show in Milan Italy / Autograph please."
Rest area near Carrara (ddr-densho-201-586)
img Rest area near Carrara (ddr-densho-201-586)
Caption in album: "Remember? / Rest area near Carrara / 1945 - April Italy."
Japanese American men Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-280)
img Japanese American men Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-280)
Two Japanese American men on the beach. Caption on front: "Shun Morishige." Caption on post-it note in album: "Tom Harimoto, I Co. Honolulu, HI."
Soldiers swimming (ddr-densho-201-545)
img Soldiers swimming (ddr-densho-201-545)
Caption in album: "Gedi Italy / 1945 June/July / Warren Tamura / Emo Suzuki / Jim Tateoka / John Nakano."
Italian buildings in rubble (ddr-densho-201-117)
img Italian buildings in rubble (ddr-densho-201-117)
Italian buildings in rubble. Caption on reverse: "Moulto Bombado"--possibly intended to translate as "very bombarded."
Soldiers and civilians outside American Red Cross Paramount Theatre (ddr-densho-201-166)
img Soldiers and civilians outside American Red Cross Paramount Theatre (ddr-densho-201-166)
Soldiers and civilians outside American Red Cross Paramount Theatre in Livorno, Italy.
Soldier leaning on wall near bridge (ddr-densho-201-317)
img Soldier leaning on wall near bridge (ddr-densho-201-317)
Caption on front: "[Illegible] P.X. [military post exchange] as background."
Military parade (ddr-densho-201-539)
img Military parade (ddr-densho-201-539)
Caption in album: "Gedi Italy, May & June 1945 / 'Retreat Parade / Chuck Shimomura.'"
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-484)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-484)
Caption in album: "George Tanagi / Seattle."
Soldiers going home (ddr-densho-201-654)
img Soldiers going home (ddr-densho-201-654)
Caption in album: "442nd going home on Wilson Victory Ship June, 1946 / 'Aloha' - 442 Regt."
Soldiers swimming (ddr-densho-201-639)
img Soldiers swimming (ddr-densho-201-639)
Caption in album: "Splashing in Mediterranean Sea."
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