442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (54)
Military service (570)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1523)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1523 items
Soldiers marching in formation (ddr-densho-201-51)
img Soldiers marching in formation (ddr-densho-201-51)
Caption on reverse: "Gedi, Hut 2 3 4, Hut 2 3 4, June - 1945."
Soldier pointing towards a tunnel (ddr-densho-201-580)
img Soldier pointing towards a tunnel (ddr-densho-201-580)
Caption in album: "We passed through this tunnel holding each others [sic] back..."
Japanese American soldier outside tent (ddr-densho-201-158)
img Japanese American soldier outside tent (ddr-densho-201-158)
Japanese American soldier standing outside a tent. Caption on reverse: "Lips Miyamoto, San Jose Calif."
Two soldiers at an inn (ddr-densho-201-631)
img Two soldiers at an inn (ddr-densho-201-631)
Caption in album: "Parsenn Inn." Masao Sakagami on the right.
Three soldiers in front of a B-17 (ddr-densho-201-568)
img Three soldiers in front of a B-17 (ddr-densho-201-568)
Caption in album: "Ride on B-17 / Shozo Mayeda / Pete / Me [Masao Sakagami] / (P.S. We got sick)."
Soldiers playing basketball (ddr-densho-201-400)
img Soldiers playing basketball (ddr-densho-201-400)
Caption on front: "C. Co 100th Bn basketball court, Leghorn, Italy."
Japanese American soldier with ice skates (ddr-densho-201-62)
img Japanese American soldier with ice skates (ddr-densho-201-62)
Japanese American soldier with ice skates slung over his shoulder. A mountain range stands behind him, possibly the Swiss Alps.
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-508)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-508)
Caption in album: "Koichi Yamamoto / California."
img "Maritime Alps where 442nd stayed till last push in Italy" (ddr-densho-201-299)
Caption in album: "Maritime Alps where 442nd stayed till last push in Italy. Mt. in background is where 100th Bn was located."
Carrara aerial cityscape (ddr-densho-201-114)
img Carrara aerial cityscape (ddr-densho-201-114)
Aerial view of the city of Carrara, Italy. A man and two chlidren sit on a ledge looking over the city.
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-503)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-503)
Caption in album: "Roy Fujihara / Hawaii."
Soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-197)
img Soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-197)
Japanese American soldier standing in the snow outside of the "Sporthaus" (name of building not visible in this photograph) in the Uri Alps, Switzerland. In the background part of a sign is visible that reads "Willkommen," or "welcome" in German. Caption on reverse: "Chester Fukuhara."
Soldiers on board the U.S. ship
img Soldiers on board the U.S. ship "Wilson Victory" (ddr-densho-201-137)
Soldiers on board the U.S. ship "Wilson Victory" (ship's name not visible in this photograph).
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