442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-108)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-108)
Nisei soldier's caption: Few of us were able to visit Venice on pass. Yes we saw the canals, more like sewers the looks of the water.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-24)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-24)
Nisei soldier's caption: Staging area, Marseilles. Just relaxin' with all comfort.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-29)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-29)
Nisei soldier's caption: Oranges in St. Martin. Kimura, Frenchman, French WAC. After the tough time up north it was pretty easy here. It was a beautiful country so clean and untouched by war. Our Bn. was spread far out companies being from 10 to 20 miles away from the C.P. Just occasional patrols and ...
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-40)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-40)
Nisei soldier's caption: Mtns above Menton. Distant mtn. was enemy. The C.P. was in Menton and our rifle companies in the above mtns facing the jerries. The C.P. was shelled so moved to the Astoria Hotel. We had defensive positions here facing some fascist divisions. The rest of the 442nd came down and ...
Statue in France (ddr-densho-164-55)
img Statue in France (ddr-densho-164-55)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to ...
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-50)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-50)
Nisei soldier's caption: Hotel Imperial. Every so often we got off for four days to come here and take it easy. Passes to go to Nice and Beaujolais.
Nisei soldier in front of a jeep (ddr-densho-164-56)
img Nisei soldier in front of a jeep (ddr-densho-164-56)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to ...
Nisei soldiers visiting Italy (ddr-densho-164-14)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Italy (ddr-densho-164-14)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Tiber River. A sluggish muddy stream flowing thru the city.
Senninbari,
img Senninbari, "thousand-stitch belt" (ddr-densho-105-8)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota's mother made this senninbari in Tule Lake. It is known as a thousand-stitch belt, and was created to protect a soldier going into battle. Each of the thousand knots was sewn by a different woman. On the belt is stitched Min's Buddhist name, the traditional Buddhist chant of "Namu Amida Butsu ...
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-60)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-60)
Original caption: PREPARATION FOR PARADE OF THE 442ND REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM (JAPANESE AMERICAN TROOPS) TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON D.C. ON THE 15TH JULY 1946. Color bearers polishing metal of staff are left to right: M/Sgt. Mitsuomi Tanaka, Honokaa, Hawaii, T/Sgt. Hiroshi Yamamoto, Brigham, Utah, and 1st /Sgt. Tom Harimoto, 3745 Maunaloa Ave ...
Baptismal Font Memorial Service program (ddr-densho-299-68)
doc Baptismal Font Memorial Service program (ddr-densho-299-68)
Program for a Memorial Baptismal Font at St. Mary's Episcopal Church. From the cover: "Service of Dedication for the Memorial Baptismal Font in remembrance of John Akimoto, Victor Akimoto, / John Kato, George Shikata, / and / THE BRONZE PLAQUE / in honor of the / Veterans of World War II."
Memorial Day services (ddr-densho-114-162)
img Memorial Day services (ddr-densho-114-162)
Original caption: Japanese-American soldiers of the 442nd Regiment Combat Team, 2nd Battalion, salute as the American national anthem is played at the finale of the Memorial Day services held at the front, in France. Seventh Army. 11/11/44. Fay's area, France.
Nisei soldiers standing at attention (ddr-densho-114-163)
img Nisei soldiers standing at attention (ddr-densho-114-163)
Original caption: Two Color guards and color bearers of the Japanese-American 442nd Combat Team, stand at attention while their citations are read. They are standing on ground, in the Bruyeres Area, France, where many of their comrades fell. 12 November 1944.
Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-114-49)
img Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-114-49)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. At a forward Command Post, Pfc. Bob T. Nakamura of Oahu, Hawaii, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, makes sure that he will not loose his laundry by hanging it on a jeep. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the location is Castellina.]
Nisei soldiers on the move (ddr-densho-114-40)
img Nisei soldiers on the move (ddr-densho-114-40)
Original caption: Bruyeres, France. File of Japanese-American Infantrymen moves past wooded area. 24 Oct 1944.
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-169)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-169)
Basic training at Camp Shelby. Nisei soldiers throwing fragmentation grenades.
442nd Regimental Combat Team band (ddr-densho-114-185)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team band (ddr-densho-114-185)
Original caption: The 442nd Infantry Regiment band, the only Army musical organization whose members all are Americans of Japanese descent, plays for its regiment at a ceremony in Cecina, Italy. The band leader, M/Sgt. Jun Yamamoto, lives at 1214 Hayes St., Boise, Idaho. 7/30/44.
News article on the rescue of the
doc News article on the rescue of the "Lost Battalion" (ddr-densho-299-72)
Article: "Survivors Of the 'Lost Battalion.' A Kraut, wounded in an attempt to wipe out the 1st Battalion of the 36th Division's 141st Regiment, is carried away by Yank medics. Some of the 'Lost Battalion' survivors below are shown being transported to the rear. The doughfeet held off the Nazis for five days in the ...
Letter from Robert Ikari to Ted Akimoto (ddr-densho-299-75)
doc Letter from Robert Ikari to Ted Akimoto (ddr-densho-299-75)
Letter regarding Ted's sister Magaret, Robert's plans to attend GI University in Florence, and general army life.
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