442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (617)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1541 items
img "R.T.C. 208 Co. B, 2nd Platoon, Camp Blanding Florida, Aug. - Dec. 1943" (ddr-densho-201-404)
Caption on reverse: "1st Row: George Tanagi Seattle, John Tanaka - Idaho Falls, Joe Ono - , Nobu Sakaguchi - , Satoru Sakuma, Mt. Vernon, Wash., Tamio Sakata, Roy Ono - Los Angles [sic], Mits Sakurada - Blackfoot Idaho, Ted Tadehara. 2nd Row: Emo Suzuki, Frank Shiota, Roy Ono, Ishida, Ernist [sic] Seko, Shiozaki - Idaho ...
Two soldiers leaning against a tent (ddr-densho-201-538)
img Two soldiers leaning against a tent (ddr-densho-201-538)
Caption in album: "Kenichi Hirabara / James Nakaoka / Hawaii."
Soldiers going home (ddr-densho-201-655)
img Soldiers going home (ddr-densho-201-655)
Caption in album: "442nd going home on Wilson Victory Ship June, 1946 / All Aboard!"
img "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946" (ddr-densho-201-223)
Caption on front: "442 Infrantry [sic] Regiment Gives Final Parade." Caption on side: "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946."
Letter from Olgli Burkli to Masao Sakagami (ddr-densho-201-420)
doc Letter from Olgli Burkli to Masao Sakagami (ddr-densho-201-420)
A letter from Olgi Burkli in Zurich, Switzerland to Masao Sakagami in New York. Addressed "Co. C. 100th B.N. 442 Regt." Letter is dated January 16, 1946. Postmark is dated January 17, 1946.
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-493)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-493)
Caption in album: "Takao Kojima / Michgan."
The SS Wilson Victory leaving the harbor (ddr-densho-201-363)
img The SS Wilson Victory leaving the harbor (ddr-densho-201-363)
The ship Wilson Victory leaving the harbor in Livorno, Italy. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Wilson Victory."
img "Florence swimming pool" (ddr-densho-201-423)
Men at a swimming pool. Caption on reverse: "Florence swimming pool."
img "Otsuka" (ddr-densho-201-287)
Kengo Otsuka in front of a "2nd Plt." sign. Caption on front: "Otsuka."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-496)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-496)
Caption in album: "Isaac Sakuma / Mount Vernon, Wash."
Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-133)
img Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-133)
Three Japanese American soldiers posed outside a tent. Caption on reverse: "Koi Arakaki, Kiyoshi Kurokoz [?], Mitsuru [illegible]."
Soldiers on the deck of a ship (ddr-densho-201-146)
img Soldiers on the deck of a ship (ddr-densho-201-146)
Several soldiers and one woman on the deck of a ship. On side of ship: "J.W. McAndrew."
Dogs touching noses on a barrel (ddr-densho-201-174)
img Dogs touching noses on a barrel (ddr-densho-201-174)
Dogs touching noses on a barrel beside a sign that reads "12th Street" in a military encampment.
General Clark and Leo Morishita (ddr-densho-201-603)
img General Clark and Leo Morishita (ddr-densho-201-603)
Caption in album: "Leo Morishita / 'General' Mark Clark."
Rest area near Carrara (ddr-densho-201-588)
img Rest area near Carrara (ddr-densho-201-588)
Caption in album: "Remember? / Rest area near Carrara / 1945 - April Italy."
Aiming a gun (ddr-densho-201-547)
img Aiming a gun (ddr-densho-201-547)
Caption in album: "Aim & sqeeze [sic] / Fooling around."
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