442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Soldiers returning to the United States (ddr-densho-201-769)
img Soldiers returning to the United States (ddr-densho-201-769)
Caption in album: "Entering New York Harbor / on J.W. McAndrew Sept '46."
Soldiers relaxing on the beach (ddr-densho-201-635)
img Soldiers relaxing on the beach (ddr-densho-201-635)
Caption in album: "Pen Beach / Nakano (Seattle), Sak. (Auburn), Ogura (Oklahoma), Tateoka (Ogden Utah)."
Soldier standing outside tents (ddr-densho-201-198)
img Soldier standing outside tents (ddr-densho-201-198)
Japanese American soldier standing outside a row of tents. Caption on reverse: "Thomas Koboyakawa."
Liberation celebration parade (ddr-densho-201-578)
img Liberation celebration parade (ddr-densho-201-578)
Caption in album: "On 11th of April, 1 year liberation celebration in Carrara."
Three soldiers posed outside tents (ddr-densho-201-90)
img Three soldiers posed outside tents (ddr-densho-201-90)
Three soldiers posed outside tents. Caption on reverse: "Kurokazu, Yoshimura - Mits, Arakaki."
Three soldiers posed (ddr-densho-201-358)
img Three soldiers posed (ddr-densho-201-358)
Caption on front: "Me, Bob Sasaki, Dick Sakeda, 1946."
Two soldiers, one with nose patch (ddr-densho-201-377)
img Two soldiers, one with nose patch (ddr-densho-201-377)
Caption on front: "Me [Masuo Sakagami], Jim Takeoka Twin Falls, Idaho. Nose patch basketball post."
U.S. military regiment in Italy (ddr-densho-201-368)
img U.S. military regiment in Italy (ddr-densho-201-368)
Caption on front: "Mas Takahashi, Frank Shiota, Hiroshi Shikuma, Joe Matsusaki, Leghorn, Italy 1945."
View of Carrara (ddr-densho-201-585)
img View of Carrara (ddr-densho-201-585)
Caption in album: "Famous marble rock mountain of Carrara."
Two Japanese American soldiers at Leaning Tower of Pisa (ddr-densho-201-95)
img Two Japanese American soldiers at Leaning Tower of Pisa (ddr-densho-201-95)
Caption on reverse: "Satoshi Tamura, Yasukichi Arakaki, 1st Plt. Bell on Leaning Tower of Pisa."
img "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946" (ddr-densho-201-222)
Caption on front: "442 Infrantry [sic] Regiment Gives Final Parade." Caption on side: "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-510)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-510)
Caption in album: "Norman Fujii / California."
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