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442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (54)
Military service (567)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Inspecting a German kitchen (ddr-densho-114-136)
img Inspecting a German kitchen (ddr-densho-114-136)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. The Germans brought with them their own horse-drawn field kitchens, to the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. Here, Pfc. Genzo Toguchi, Headquarters Company, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment of Honolulu, Hawaii and Sgt. Seisaburo Taba, Headquarters Company, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, also of Honolulu, inspecting a German kitchen. Fifth Army. ...
French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
img French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
This monument in Biffontaine, France, was built and donated by Jean Bianchetti in remembrance of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Nisei captain giving medical treatment (ddr-densho-114-32)
img Nisei captain giving medical treatment (ddr-densho-114-32)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Capt. George Takahashi, San Mateo, Calif., 422nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., calms an aching tooth for Pvt. James Hoshi, Los Angeles, Calif., 522nd Field Artillery, assisted by Tec 5 Abraham Tokioka of Honolulu, T. H., who holds a flashlight. The scene is in a wine cellar of a recently evacuated German ...
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-85)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-85)
Original caption: Cecina Area, Italy. Bugler Pfc. Charles Kimura of Honolulu, T.H., plays taps as the rifle squad stands at "present arms," after firing salute to the 72 members of the 2nd Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., honored at a memorial service held after one month of combat. The regiment consists of Japanese Americans. U.S. Fifth Army. ...
Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
img Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
Original caption: Kahului, Maui. T. H. Major Lloyd C. Kaapana, CO, 3rd DN., 442 Inf. Regt., delivers an address during the ceremony activating company F, 442nd Inf. Regt. in the Organized Reserve Corps. 11 October 1945.
Nisei soldier in bivouac (ddr-densho-114-19)
img Nisei soldier in bivouac (ddr-densho-114-19)
Original caption: Chambois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Pfc. Paul W. Hasegawa, Honokaa, Hawaii eats chow. Seventh Army. 12 October 1944.
Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
img Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
Original caption: Two members of the Free French of the Interior, act as guides for man of the Japanese-American Combat Team in France, 2nd Lt. Arthur McColl of Chicago, Ill., (not in this picture,) stands in front of a jeep driven by Pfc. William I. Soma, of Kealia, Hawaii. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat Team, Chambois ...
Nisei soldiers meeting with General Clark (ddr-densho-114-117)
img Nisei soldiers meeting with General Clark (ddr-densho-114-117)
Original caption: Lucca Area, Italy. Gen. Mark W. Clark, CG of the Fifteenth Army Group (touring the 92nd Division Area) welcomes the men of the 442nd Regiment, and the 100th Battalion, who are now under his command. General Clark formerly commanded them while he was CG of the Fifth Army, and they were then with the ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team parade (ddr-densho-114-184)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team parade (ddr-densho-114-184)
Original caption: Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington, D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Mr. Bill Davenport of 1569 Ethel Avenue, Lincoln Park, Michigan, former company commander in the 442nd Infantry, who was discharged last month, is ...
Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
img Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
Original caption: Colonel Joseph P. Sullivan, Sixth Army Quartermaster, represents General Mark W. Clark, CG, Sixth Army, at a ceremony where Sam Kinoshita, Nisei veteran of the 442nd Combat Team, holds Hawaiian lei of 1,100 individual flowers, which is on route to Paris to be placed on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Arch ...
Member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion with Italian soldier (ddr-densho-114-93)
img Member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion with Italian soldier (ddr-densho-114-93)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Tec 5 William Hirata, Honolulu, Hawaii, 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, and Lorenzo Riba, Italian soldier, Right, 11th Pack Mule Co., 34th Division, are comrades-in-arms. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944.
Nisei soldiers receiving Presidential Citation (ddr-densho-114-79)
img Nisei soldiers receiving Presidential Citation (ddr-densho-114-79)
Original caption: Rosignano Area, Italy. The standards of Company A, B, C, and D of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regt., 34th Division, composed of Americans of Japanese descent, are topped with flying battle streamers, awarded through a Presidential Citation, tied on by Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, CG, U.S. Fifth Army. 27 July 1944.
Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
img Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American machine gunner keeps himself ready for a sight of a German. His unit composed, entirely of Japanese-Americans, are holding a section of the front lines. Company F. 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
img Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
Original caption: A Japanese-American mortar crew at their position, somewhere in France. One of the crew drops an 81 mm shell into the barrel of the mortar. Combat team, 2nd Bn., H Co. 11/17/44. 442nd Regt. St. Die area.
Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
img Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. In the Fire Direction Center of the 522nd Field Artillery, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, Lt. George S. Meany, Greenwich, Conn., Left, works with his Japanese American crew. In the center is T/Sgt. Shuichi, Sakamoto, Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii, calculating vertical control and S/Sgt. Yuki Ahaki, Modesto Calif., at the horizontal control, ...
Nisei soldier discussing enemy position (ddr-densho-114-17)
img Nisei soldier discussing enemy position (ddr-densho-114-17)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. Lt. Joseph W. Hill of Pine Bluff, Ark., commanding unit of the Japanese-American Team now in action against the Germans, discussing enemy positions with a member of his unit. Company"F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldier escorting prisoners of war (ddr-densho-114-170)
img Nisei soldier escorting prisoners of war (ddr-densho-114-170)
Prisoners of war being taken to Ghedi Air Base in Italy to be processed.
Nisei soldier in plane (ddr-densho-114-95)
img Nisei soldier in plane (ddr-densho-114-95)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. S/Sgt. Arata Kimura, San Jose, Calif., 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, observer, Left, and Cub Pilot Lt. Joseph C. Polancii, Winnsboro, LA., (Monroe Papers) confer before taking off from a forward airstrip. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the location is Castellina.]
A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
img A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
Original caption: Honolulu, T. H. The Silver Star Medal is posthumously awarded Sgt. Charles K. Harada of 936 Wahikiki St., Honolulu, T. H. for gallantry in action near Castellina, Italy, 12 July 1944, with Co. G, 442nd Inf. Here the presentation has been made to his mother, Mrs. Hana Harada, by Chaplain (Col.) Corwin W. Olds, ...
Nisei soldier standing guard (ddr-densho-114-45)
img Nisei soldier standing guard (ddr-densho-114-45)
Original caption: S/Sgt. James S. Kawashime, a Japanese-American from Hanoa Road, Honolulu, Hawaii, stands guard for the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Bn., U.S. Seventh Army in the Charmois area of France, in bivouac before meeting the Germans in combat for the first time. 10/12/44.
442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A squad leader looks for German movements in the valley 200 yards away. Snow, rain and mud make life miserable for these Japanese-American front line troops. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldier sorts German equipment (ddr-densho-114-14)
img Nisei soldier sorts German equipment (ddr-densho-114-14)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. S/Sgt. George Y. Fujino, Los Angeles, Calif., of Company "C", 100th Battalion, of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, looks over German clothing and equipment at the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. 18 May 1945. [The correct spelling of the location is Brescia.]
Nisei soldier with orphan (ddr-densho-114-77)
img Nisei soldier with orphan (ddr-densho-114-77)
Original caption: Lecco, Italy. Pfc. George Morihiro, Company "I", 442nd Infantry Regiment, adopted a little orphan, one of the group from the St. Joseph's Orphanage that attended the 4th of July Party at the Red Cross given by members of the 442nd Regiment, for the evening and made sure that she had plenty of sweets to ...
Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
img Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
Original caption: Vada Area, Italy. Men of Company H, 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regiment, U.S. Fifth Army, march through Vada to the area where Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark will present the Presidential Citation for outstanding action in combat to the 100th Inf. Bn., composed of American troops of Japanese descent. 27 July 1944.
Nisei soldier relaxing in barracks (ddr-densho-114-61)
img Nisei soldier relaxing in barracks (ddr-densho-114-61)
Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington, D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Pfc. Roy Fujihara of 1581 Kauluwela Lane, Honolulu, relaxes in his barracks after a hard drill.
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