442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (621)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1545)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1545 items
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-57)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-57)
Original caption: Japanese-American Chaplain. This newly-commissioned U.S. Army Chaplain is Lieut. Hiro Higuchi, a native of Hawaii, of Japanese parentage. He is now in training at Harvard, and is the second chaplain of Japanese ancestry to receive a commission in the U.S. Army Chaplains Corps. Higuchi is 36, married, and has a seven year old son. …
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss., Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as a Army Combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of …
Anti-tank training (ddr-densho-114-84)
img Anti-tank training (ddr-densho-114-84)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American soldiers in the anti-tank company of the combat team easing a gun off the bank of a stream to ferry it across on three steel cables. Swimmers in the water below will haul on a line in the water to move the gun. Lt. Charles W. Tayman, Commanding Officer of …
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-127)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-127)
Original captions: France. A Japanese-American Combat Team moves through town. 23 Oct 1944.
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-172)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-172)
Antitank Company in training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi.
Leaving for reserve (ddr-densho-114-53)
img Leaving for reserve (ddr-densho-114-53)
Original caption: Castrellina Area, Italy. Platoon leader Lt. Charles Coyne, Boston, Mass., and Sgt. Nakoto Taguchi, Lihue Kauai, T. H., an American of Japanese descent of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regt., light up while preparing to leave for reserve after 16 days of hill fighting for Leghorn. 15 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the …
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-115)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-115)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training …
Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
img Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
Original caption: Sand Island, Honolulu. Pvt. Harry Koka of Ewa, Oahu, T.H., is awarded the Purple Heart by Col. Ernst T. Barco, CO, AP & SC. He was wounded while fighting with the famed 100th Infantry in the Italian Campaign. 6 June 1945.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-59)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-59)
Original caption: Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Mr. Bill Davenport of 1569 Ethel Avenue, Lincoln Park, Michigan, former company commander in the 442nd Infantry, who was discharged last month, is …
Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-67)
img Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-67)
Original caption: Lt. Gen. Lucian K Truscott, Jr., CG, U.S. Fifth Army, salutes after fastening the Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation Banner to the guidon of Co. L, 3rd Bn., 442nd Japanese-American Combat Team, at a ceremony at Leghorn, Italy. 9/4/45.
Nisei soldier doing laundry (ddr-densho-114-20)
img Nisei soldier doing laundry (ddr-densho-114-20)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Inf. Bn., in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Here Pfc. Billy S. Takaezu, 1254 Hall St., Honolulu, hangs out his laundry to dry. U.S. Seventh Army. 12 October 1944.
A mother receiving posthumous award (ddr-densho-114-147)
img A mother receiving posthumous award (ddr-densho-114-147)
Original caption: Honolulu, T.H. Mrs. Risaku Kanaya is presented the Silver Star Medal posthumously awarded her son, Pvt. Walter E. Kanaya, for gallantry in action near Bruyeres, France, 17 October 1944, with the 2nd Bn., 442nd Infantry, as Mr. Kanaya stands with her. Chaplain (Colonel) Corwin H. Olds, CPBC, makes the presentation at 1521 Young St., …
Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-88)
img Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-88)
Original caption: FRANCE. A jeep mounted with a heavy machine gun battles the mud of a French road as it pulls a trailer. Japanese-American troops of the 2nd Bn. 442nd Combat Team, fight in France. 13 October 1944.
Wounded Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-118-4)
img Wounded Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-118-4)
Tosh Yasutake is at the 45th General Hospital in Napoli, Italy.
Masao Murata in uniform (ddr-manz-4-20)
img Masao Murata in uniform (ddr-manz-4-20)
Caption: "To / Rev. Nagatomi / Sincerely yours, / Masao Murata / July 1st 1942."
doc "Nisei in Uniform" (ddr-densho-155-19)
Publication of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the War Relocation Authority in collaboration with the War Department.
Memorandum: Nisei in Armed Forces (ddr-densho-155-22)
doc Memorandum: Nisei in Armed Forces (ddr-densho-155-22)
Notice sent from Minidoka concentration camp director Dillon S. Myer regarding numbers of Japanese Americans seving in the U.S. armed forces.
API