442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers in France (ddr-densho-114-1)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers in France (ddr-densho-114-1)
Original caption: Japanese-American troops climb into a truck as they prepare to move their bivouac area. 2nd Battalion, 442nd Combat Team, Chambois Sector. France. 10/14/44.
Nisei captain giving medical treatment (ddr-densho-114-32)
img Nisei captain giving medical treatment (ddr-densho-114-32)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Capt. George Takahashi, San Mateo, Calif., 422nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., calms an aching tooth for Pvt. James Hoshi, Los Angeles, Calif., 522nd Field Artillery, assisted by Tec 5 Abraham Tokioka of Honolulu, T. H., who holds a flashlight. The scene is in a wine cellar of a recently evacuated German ...
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-85)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-85)
Original caption: Cecina Area, Italy. Bugler Pfc. Charles Kimura of Honolulu, T.H., plays taps as the rifle squad stands at "present arms," after firing salute to the 72 members of the 2nd Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., honored at a memorial service held after one month of combat. The regiment consists of Japanese Americans. U.S ...
Nisei soldier in bivouac (ddr-densho-114-19)
img Nisei soldier in bivouac (ddr-densho-114-19)
Original caption: Chambois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Pfc. Paul W. Hasegawa, Honokaa, Hawaii eats chow. Seventh Army. 12 October 1944.
Nisei soldier standing guard (ddr-densho-114-45)
img Nisei soldier standing guard (ddr-densho-114-45)
Original caption: S/Sgt. James S. Kawashime, a Japanese-American from Hanoa Road, Honolulu, Hawaii, stands guard for the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Bn., U.S. Seventh Army in the Charmois area of France, in bivouac before meeting the Germans in combat for the first time. 10/12/44.
Nisei soldier in plane (ddr-densho-114-95)
img Nisei soldier in plane (ddr-densho-114-95)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. S/Sgt. Arata Kimura, San Jose, Calif., 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, observer, Left, and Cub Pilot Lt. Joseph C. Polancii, Winnsboro, LA., (Monroe Papers) confer before taking off from a forward airstrip. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the location is ...
Nisei soldier relaxing in barracks (ddr-densho-114-61)
img Nisei soldier relaxing in barracks (ddr-densho-114-61)
Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington, D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Pfc. Roy Fujihara of 1581 Kauluwela Lane, Honolulu, relaxes in his barracks after a hard drill.
Member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion with Italian soldier (ddr-densho-114-93)
img Member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion with Italian soldier (ddr-densho-114-93)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Tec 5 William Hirata, Honolulu, Hawaii, 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, and Lorenzo Riba, Italian soldier, Right, 11th Pack Mule Co., 34th Division, are comrades-in-arms. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944.
Nisei soldier with orphan (ddr-densho-114-77)
img Nisei soldier with orphan (ddr-densho-114-77)
Original caption: Lecco, Italy. Pfc. George Morihiro, Company "I", 442nd Infantry Regiment, adopted a little orphan, one of the group from the St. Joseph's Orphanage that attended the 4th of July Party at the Red Cross given by members of the 442nd Regiment, for the evening and made sure that she had plenty of sweets ...
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-57)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-57)
Original caption: Japanese-American Chaplain. This newly-commissioned U.S. Army Chaplain is Lieut. Hiro Higuchi, a native of Hawaii, of Japanese parentage. He is now in training at Harvard, and is the second chaplain of Japanese ancestry to receive a commission in the U.S. Army Chaplains Corps. Higuchi is 36, married, and has a seven year ...
Nisei soldiers in meal line (ddr-densho-114-41)
img Nisei soldiers in meal line (ddr-densho-114-41)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion, in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Prc. Yoshimaeo Kawaguchi, Mountain View, Hawaii goes through the chow line. Seventh Army. 12 Oct 1944.
Inspecting a German kitchen (ddr-densho-114-136)
img Inspecting a German kitchen (ddr-densho-114-136)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. The Germans brought with them their own horse-drawn field kitchens, to the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. Here, Pfc. Genzo Toguchi, Headquarters Company, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment of Honolulu, Hawaii and Sgt. Seisaburo Taba, Headquarters Company, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, also of Honolulu, inspecting a German kitchen. Fifth Army ...
Nisei soldier doing laundry (ddr-densho-114-20)
img Nisei soldier doing laundry (ddr-densho-114-20)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Inf. Bn., in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Here Pfc. Billy S. Takaezu, 1254 Hall St., Honolulu, hangs out his laundry to dry. U.S. Seventh Army. 12 October ...
Nisei veterans and spouses group photograph (ddr-densho-325-108)
img Nisei veterans and spouses group photograph (ddr-densho-325-108)
Eighteen Nisei veterans and their spouses met for a reunion on April 7, 1995. These eighteen men had all been stationed at Camp Grant, Illinois in 1941-1942. From there the group separated some attending combat infantry training at Camp Blanding, Florida and then to the 442nd Regimental Combat Team in Europe and others like Sumito Horiuchi ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 20 (November 12, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 20 (November 12, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-45)
Selected article titles: "Asian-Pacific Americans Help Carter" (p. 1), "Nisei's Lost Generation Speaks Up" (pp. 1-2), "Ye Editor's Desk: Koji Ariyoshi--1914-1976" (p. 2), and "Rev. Hiro Higuchi: Recalls Sermon as 442nd Chaplain" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-1)
Special new year edition. Selected article titles: "Unlikely Journalist Writes Book About Unlikely Liberators" (pp. 1-2), "Yasui Coram Nobis: Case Closed" (p. 1), "The Exploration of the Magic Code" (pp. 2-3, 9-10), "Saburo Okinaga: World War II and the Experiences of One Japanese American in Hawaii" (p. 10), and "The Letters of Joseph Heco" (pp. 11-12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 10 (September 6, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 10 (September 6, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-36)
Selected article titles: "Thirty-Five March Under JACL Banner in August 28 March for Jobs, Freedom" (pp. 1-2), "JACL Answers Negroes' Painful Call for Help, Says Matsunaga" (pp. 1-2, 4), "Chicago Veterans to Commemorate 20th 422 [sic] Anniv." (p. 3), and "Tokyo Topics: First Nisei Decorated by Japan" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-1)
Selected article titles: "President Explains Board Decision to Downsize Staff" (pp. 1, 5), "Yamashita to File Federal Class-Action Suit for Marine Discrimination Victims" (p. 3), "Responding to Critics of JACL's Wartime Role--Part 2" (pp. 9, 13), "Bruyeres: A Special Experience, a Special Meaning..." (pp. 10, 13-14), and "552nd GIs Shoot Open Dachau Gates" (pp. 11 ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 42 (May 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-209)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 42 (May 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-209)
"NLRB Turns Down Petition by Two AFL Unions for Vote Among Alaska Cannery Men" (p. 1), "Honors to GI Dead and Dedication of Monument Set" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 1 (January 1, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-262)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 1 (January 1, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-262)
"JACL Reaffirms "Loyal Support to This Land" (p. 1), "The Story of the 442nd" (p. 1), "Christmas is Marked in Tokyo "As Usual" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 44 (June 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-211)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 44 (June 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-211)
"Text of Col. Hanley Talk" (p. 1), "Nisei Vets Win Plaudits as They March in Parade" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 73 (September 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-135)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 73 (September 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-135)
"442nd Leader Will Attend Utah Confab" (pg. 1), "Hiroshima Seeks Pittsburgh Aid" (pg. 1), "Ex-Resident of City Wants to Come Home" (pg. 4)
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