442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (620)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1543 items
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-66)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-66)
Nisei soldier's caption: The gang. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
Statue in France (ddr-densho-164-67)
img Statue in France (ddr-densho-164-67)
Nisei soldier's caption: Statue in Nice. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-119)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-119)
Nisei soldier's caption: Casino at San Pellogrini. San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-24)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-24)
Nisei soldier's caption: Staging area, Marseilles. Just relaxin' with all comfort.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-76)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-76)
Nisei soldier's caption: Entering an Italian village.
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-59)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-59)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to another hotel, the ...
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-40)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-40)
Nisei soldier's caption: Mtns above Menton. Distant mtn. was enemy. The C.P. was in Menton and our rifle companies in the above mtns facing the jerries. The C.P. was shelled so moved to the Astoria Hotel. We had defensive positions here facing some fascist divisions. The rest of the 442nd came down and joined us here ...
Nisei soldiers leading mules (ddr-densho-164-39)
img Nisei soldiers leading mules (ddr-densho-164-39)
Nisei soldier's caption: Mule skinners. Charlie Co. were really in the hills. All supplies being brought up by mules went up to operate our radio and lead one of these critters. But halfway up I had the mule drag me. Lucky that my animal was tame enough not to mind.
Nisei soldiers in review (ddr-densho-164-87)
img Nisei soldiers in review (ddr-densho-164-87)
Nisei soldier's caption: Vehicles passing in view. Went to Ghedi where we camped out in a bare flat plain and went thru the processing prisoners. Took care of around 80,000 and then our first large batch of original 100th men left us. And also joined by a replacement of some 400.
G.I. vehicles in Rome (ddr-densho-164-3)
img G.I. vehicles in Rome (ddr-densho-164-3)
Nisei soldier's caption: Note the GI vehicles. The magic city of Rome. Received my first pass to visit this city, one of the world famous. We were resting then from our strenuous drive from Anzio. The 442nd joined us here.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-114)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-114)
Nisei soldier's caption: San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-18)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-18)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pompeii. This city was buried way back when Mt. Vesuvius erupted.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-94)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-94)
Nisei soldier's caption: Lake Como and in the background Lecco.
Nisei soldier in Italy (ddr-densho-164-90)
img Nisei soldier in Italy (ddr-densho-164-90)
Nisei soldier's caption: Ronald Miwa, Platoon Sarg. It was a sad time for us to see our friends we slept and fought together with leave. But they earned it most of them being in the army from four to six years, and fought from Salerno on. It was a sad place with new replacements in their ...
Nisei soldier holding a French child (ddr-densho-164-68)
img Nisei soldier holding a French child (ddr-densho-164-68)
Nisei soldier's caption: Savage Tanaka. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-118)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-118)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pretty soft after sleeping on ground. San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers visiting the Colosseum,  Rome (ddr-densho-164-8)
img Nisei soldiers visiting the Colosseum, Rome (ddr-densho-164-8)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Colosseum in Rome, interior view. Way back the people watched gladiators. Now in our modern coliseum we watch football, track, and etc.
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-60)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-60)
Nisei soldier's caption: Monte Carlo. Our R.T. Platoon were M.P.s in the famous little province. They had a great time.
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-110)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-110)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our gondola we rented took us slowly to see the sights. Nothing but dirty buildings.
Nisei soldiers visiting Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome (ddr-densho-164-9)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome (ddr-densho-164-9)
Nisei soldier's caption: Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome. A beautiful sight, from glistening white marble, a sight to behold.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-63)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-63)
Nisei soldier's caption: Headin' for Nice for chow. Nob, Okinaka, Anzio Anzai.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-30)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-30)
Nisei soldier's caption: Ham and the orange tree. Sour tho! St. Martins.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-28)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-28)
Nisei soldier's caption: French Alps. After the tough time up north it was pretty easy here. It was a beautiful country so clean and untouched by war. Our Bn. was spread far out companies being from 10 to 20 miles away from the C.P. Just occasional patrols and jeep patrols. Communications had a big job with ...
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