Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (553)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

552 items
Emi Kami oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-6)
av Emi Kami oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-6)
Oral history of Emi Kami, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-06
Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-15)
av Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-15)
Oral history of Ritsuo Takeuchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-19
Telling Our Stories, CSUN Asian American Studies 390 (ddr-csujad-31-1)
av Telling Our Stories, CSUN Asian American Studies 390 (ddr-csujad-31-1)
Video edited and recorded by students of CSUN's Asian American Studies 390 course in the spring semester of 2004. This video serves as an introduction to the oral history project regarding Japanese Americans in the San Fernando Valley, and features portions of interviews edited from numerous oral history recordings made by students of the class ...
An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
av An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
An oral history with Lillie Y. McCabe, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The interview covers her childhood in Hollister, California, her family background; moving to Los Angeles, California in 1920 ...
Evacuee Identification Card (ddr-csujad-29-23)
doc Evacuee Identification Card (ddr-csujad-29-23)
Manzanar incarceree identification card. Block 20, Building 11, Apt. 4. Belonging to Ruth Hochi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 4137_M02
An Oral History with Woodrow Odanaka (ddr-csujad-29-14)
av An Oral History with Woodrow Odanaka (ddr-csujad-29-14)
Impressions of a Nisei concerning pre-World War II family produce business in Los Angeles, California; removal to Santa Anita Assembly Center in California, and the Granada incarceration camp in Colorado; wartime college experiences in Minnesota; and Army military intelligence duties in the Philippines and occupied Japan. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral ...
Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
img Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
Children and teacher raising hands in a nursery school classroom. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Nursery school." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_034
Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
doc Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
Outline for an academic social science study, the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS), led by the University of California of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Outline highlights area of administrative, social, political and personal areas to be studied by a team of researchers encamped with incarcerees. See this object in ...
Farm [farm workers loading truck] (ddr-csujad-26-72)
img Farm [farm workers loading truck] (ddr-csujad-26-72)
Three workers smile at the camera while loading a truck. Caption on back of photograph reads, "The farm." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_009
Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
img Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
Photo of a young Japanese American man on a tractor. Barracks building are seen in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_101
Large group photo (ddr-csujad-26-125)
img Large group photo (ddr-csujad-26-125)
Photo of a large group of Japanese Americans and Caucasian men and women pose in front of a barracks building with a baby and a dog. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_094
View from Castle Rock facing east (ddr-csujad-26-129)
img View from Castle Rock facing east (ddr-csujad-26-129)
Landscape photo featuring the Tule Lake incarceration camp and the roads around it as seen in the snow from a nearby hill top. Verso reads, "view from Castle Rock facing east." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_099
Young women (ddr-csujad-26-123)
img Young women (ddr-csujad-26-123)
A group of young Japanese American women poses with a Caucasian woman in front of a barracks building. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_092
Outside the Barracks (ddr-densho-258-127)
img Outside the Barracks (ddr-densho-258-127)
Two men stand outside a barracks, one in a military uniform. Caption below: "[illegible] & Yukio Tanaka."
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944). Envelope is postmarked April 1, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
Handwritten letter written by Tomoko Ikeda to Molly Wilson, June 10, 1942. Letter was written from an assembly center or a relocation center, and mentions adjusting to food in center and missing school.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-107)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-107)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 26, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-54)
doc Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-54)
Christmas card to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944). Blue/brown card with illustration in brown/red/green of the Three Wise Men on camels following the North Star. Envelope is postmarked December 23, 1944 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 7, 1943 from the Gila River Incarceration Camp in Rivers, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945) (ddr-janm-1-116)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945) (ddr-janm-1-116)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945). Envelope is postmarked January 20, 1945 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943). Envelope is postmarked February 17, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-49)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-49)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 10, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-96)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-96)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943). Envelope is postmarked August 11, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from  Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 9, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-55)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-55)
Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944). It is postmarked December 7, 1944 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
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