Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

540 items
Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
img Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
Children and teacher raising hands in a nursery school classroom. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Nursery school." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_034
Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
doc Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
Outline for an academic social science study, the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS), led by the University of California of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Outline highlights area of administrative, social, political and personal areas to be studied by a team of researchers encamped with incarcerees. See this object in ...
Farm [farm workers loading truck] (ddr-csujad-26-72)
img Farm [farm workers loading truck] (ddr-csujad-26-72)
Three workers smile at the camera while loading a truck. Caption on back of photograph reads, "The farm." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_009
Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
img Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
Photo of a young Japanese American man on a tractor. Barracks building are seen in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_101
Large group photo (ddr-csujad-26-125)
img Large group photo (ddr-csujad-26-125)
Photo of a large group of Japanese Americans and Caucasian men and women pose in front of a barracks building with a baby and a dog. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_094
View from Castle Rock facing east (ddr-csujad-26-129)
img View from Castle Rock facing east (ddr-csujad-26-129)
Landscape photo featuring the Tule Lake incarceration camp and the roads around it as seen in the snow from a nearby hill top. Verso reads, "view from Castle Rock facing east." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_099
Young women (ddr-csujad-26-123)
img Young women (ddr-csujad-26-123)
A group of young Japanese American women poses with a Caucasian woman in front of a barracks building. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_092
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 17, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-16)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 17, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-16)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 17, 1943). Envelope (addressed "The 'Flea' ") is postmarked July 19, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-49)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-49)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (July 9, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 10, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
Handwritten letter written by Tomoko Ikeda to Molly Wilson, June 10, 1942. Letter was written from an assembly center or a relocation center, and mentions adjusting to food in center and missing school.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-107)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-107)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (October 25, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 26, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944). Envelope is postmarked April 1, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 25, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-115)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 25, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-115)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 25, 1944). Envelope is postmarked December 26, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945) (ddr-janm-1-116)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945) (ddr-janm-1-116)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (January 19, 1945). Envelope is postmarked January 20, 1945 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-72)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (February 16, 1943). Envelope is postmarked February 17, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-96)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-96)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (August 9, 1943). Envelope is postmarked August 11, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from  Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-48)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (October 8, 1943). Envelope is postmarked October 9, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-55)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-55)
Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 6, 1944). It is postmarked December 7, 1944 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-106)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-106)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (August 14, 1943). Envelope is postmarked August 17, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-17)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-17)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 31, 1943). Envelope is postmarked September 11, 1943 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-54)
doc Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-54)
Christmas card to Mollie Wilson from Sako (December 23, 1944). Blue/brown card with illustration in brown/red/green of the Three Wise Men on camels following the North Star. Envelope is postmarked December 23, 1944 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-83)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (July 7, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 7, 1943 from the Gila River Incarceration Camp in Rivers, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) (ddr-janm-1-58)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) (ddr-janm-1-58)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (c. 1943) from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (June 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-94)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (June 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-94)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (June 8, 1942). Envelope is postmarked June 11, 1942 and addressed from Lillian Nishioka from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Valentine's Day card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (February 1943) (ddr-janm-1-14)
doc Valentine's Day card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (February 1943) (ddr-janm-1-14)
Valentine's Day card to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (February 1943). White/blue card with illustration in blue/red of two singing blue birds with a treble musical scale and red heart in the background. "A valentine message for you" is on the top center on front of card. Envelope is postmarked February 1943 from ...
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