Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

540 items
Man in Winter (ddr-csujad-13-32)
img Man in Winter (ddr-csujad-13-32)
A man stands in front of a building holding some sort of cloth. The caption on front of photograph reads, "Cover the Doorway." The caption on back of photograph reads, "Pte Babbs 2/1/43." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_027
Incarcerees of Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-13-16)
img Incarcerees of Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-13-16)
The photograph depicts people walking in the distance towards some structures in the Tule Lake incarceration camp. The caption on back of photograph reads, "Japs just about to enter stockade under guard." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_011
Soldiers and Incarcerees (ddr-csujad-13-2)
img Soldiers and Incarcerees (ddr-csujad-13-2)
In this photo, two soldiers holding guns are seen surrounding at least one incarceree as well as a man who appears to be addressed as a chef or kitchen worker. The caption on back of photograph reads, "Major [illegible] + social worker during disturbance in Jap area. [illegible]2 armed E.M.E. [illegible] standing by for ...
Large Crowd at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-14)
img Large Crowd at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-14)
A photograph of a crowd of people. The caption on front of photograph reads, "Jap Trouble Tullelake," which indicates the crowd is a result of some sort of disturbance or issue. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_009
Group of People Gathered Together (ddr-csujad-13-11)
img Group of People Gathered Together (ddr-csujad-13-11)
A photograph of people gathered together in the Tule Lake incarceration camp. The caption on back of photograph reads, "All the Japs that quickly gathered as soon as family difficulty took place. They were quickly dispersed." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_006
View of Camp from a Vehicle (ddr-csujad-13-3)
img View of Camp from a Vehicle (ddr-csujad-13-3)
A photograph that appears to have been taken from inside a vehicle. A row of barracks or some other structures are in view as well as another vehicle and a group of incarcerees. According to the caption on back of photograph, this photo depicts, "Evacuating loyal Japs [500 of 16,000] whose lives were in danger ...
Poston Camp hearing bares shameful facts (ddr-csujad-19-61)
doc Poston Camp hearing bares shameful facts (ddr-csujad-19-61)
An article from "Los Angeles examiner" published on June 20, 1943. It describes the training of a tactical unit, mob rule and open rebellion in the Poston incarceration camp in Arizona. It also discusses the reasons for these shameful activities to be the lack of central authority to assume responsibility and the confusion among the administration ...
Masonite (ddr-csujad-23-8)
img Masonite (ddr-csujad-23-8)
Oil Painting no. 1 of 2 "Masonite" by Geichiro Kare Kuramatsu. Geichiro (Ernest) Kare Kuramatsu was born in Japan in 1885 to a Russian mother and Japanese father. The family moved to Canada, and Ernest saw combat while serving with the Canadian Army in France during World War I. He completed this oil painting in 1943 ...
Masonite (ddr-csujad-23-6)
img Masonite (ddr-csujad-23-6)
Oil Painting no. 2 of 2 "Masonite" by Geichiro Kare Kuramatsu. Geichiro (Ernest) Kare Kuramatsu was born in Japan in 1885 to a Russian mother and Japanese father. The family moved to Canada, and Ernest saw combat while serving with the Canadian Army in France during World War I. He completed this oil painting in 1943 ...
Clipping titled Exposed: America's World War II concentration camps (ddr-csujad-24-124)
doc Clipping titled Exposed: America's World War II concentration camps (ddr-csujad-24-124)
An article published in Mount Holyoke Alumnae quarterly, Fall 1997. A profile of Michi Wegyln that details her writing of the book "Years of Infamy" as well as her efforts to try to get redress for Japanese American railroad workers who were fired during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese ...
National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-175)
doc National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-175)
A flyer for a tribute to Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy," on February 21, 1998. The event was put on by the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn. The flyer includes acknowledgements and a schedule of events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Letter from Allan R. Bosworth, Captain, U.S. Navy, to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-51)
doc Letter from Allan R. Bosworth, Captain, U.S. Navy, to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-51)
A letter from Allan R. Bosworth to Michi Weglyn in which Bosworth states that he will not read Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy: the Untold Story of America's Concentration Camps" because he believes that story has already been told. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_02_010
Letter from William Hohri to Amerasia Journal, August 13, 1977 (ddr-csujad-24-84)
doc Letter from William Hohri to Amerasia Journal, August 13, 1977 (ddr-csujad-24-84)
A letter from William Hohri to the editor of Amerasia Journal criticizing an unfavorable review of Michi Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_07_001
Letter from Gary Okihiro, professor, Department of Asian American Studies at Cornell University to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-9)
doc Letter from Gary Okihiro, professor, Department of Asian American Studies at Cornell University to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-9)
A letter from Asian American studies professor Gary Okihiro to Michi Weglyn apologizing for a critical review he wrote of her book "Years of Infamy" in 1977. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_009
[Tribute to Michi Weglyn delivered at Washington State University on March 26, 1988] (ddr-csujad-24-14)
doc [Tribute to Michi Weglyn delivered at Washington State University on March 26, 1988] (ddr-csujad-24-14)
A tribute to Michi Nishiura Weglyn delivered at Washington State University on March 26, 1988. The author writes about the impact of Weglyn's 1976 book "Years of Infamy." The document also describes Weglyn's process of research, writing, and publishing the book. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site ...
Harold Muraoka oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-11)
av Harold Muraoka oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-11)
Oral history of Harold Muraoka, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-14
Jane Muranaka oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-9)
av Jane Muranaka oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-9)
Oral history of Jane Muranaka, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-12
Michi and Tom Imai oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-5)
av Michi and Tom Imai oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-5)
Oral history of Michi and Tom Imai, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-04
Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-13-1)
vh Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-13-1)
Oral history of Bo Sakaguchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-16
Emi Kami oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-6)
av Emi Kami oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-6)
Oral history of Emi Kami, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-06
Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-15)
av Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-15)
Oral history of Ritsuo Takeuchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-19
Telling Our Stories, CSUN Asian American Studies 390 (ddr-csujad-31-1)
av Telling Our Stories, CSUN Asian American Studies 390 (ddr-csujad-31-1)
Video edited and recorded by students of CSUN's Asian American Studies 390 course in the spring semester of 2004. This video serves as an introduction to the oral history project regarding Japanese Americans in the San Fernando Valley, and features portions of interviews edited from numerous oral history recordings made by students of the class ...
An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
av An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
An oral history with Lillie Y. McCabe, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The interview covers her childhood in Hollister, California, her family background; moving to Los Angeles, California in 1920 ...
Evacuee Identification Card (ddr-csujad-29-23)
doc Evacuee Identification Card (ddr-csujad-29-23)
Manzanar incarceree identification card. Block 20, Building 11, Apt. 4. Belonging to Ruth Hochi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 4137_M02
An Oral History with Woodrow Odanaka (ddr-csujad-29-14)
av An Oral History with Woodrow Odanaka (ddr-csujad-29-14)
Impressions of a Nisei concerning pre-World War II family produce business in Los Angeles, California; removal to Santa Anita Assembly Center in California, and the Granada incarceration camp in Colorado; wartime college experiences in Minnesota; and Army military intelligence duties in the Philippines and occupied Japan. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral ...
API