Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (300)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

300 items
Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
img Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
img Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove pipe and collar from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-105)
img Stove pipe and collar from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-105)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
img Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
img Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
img Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-136)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-136)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.25 (December 19, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.25 (December 19, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-51)
1958 Holiday Issue Select article titles: "Nisei challenged to regain American prestige abroad" (p. A-3); "Fred's Bleakest Christmas Eve" (p. A-4); "Policy Statement of JACL on International Relations" (p. A-5); "1st round opens for JACL role on U.S.-Japan issue" (p. A-7); "A measure of success" (B-5)
Japanese American family (ddr-densho-362-2)
img Japanese American family (ddr-densho-362-2)
A family sits on a building's ledge for a family group photo. An open field and a mountain are in the background.
Six Japanese Americans (ddr-densho-362-18)
img Six Japanese Americans (ddr-densho-362-18)
Six individuals consisting of two men, three women, and a child stand together for a group photo.
Japanese American woman carries girl toddler with bonnet (ddr-densho-362-49)
img Japanese American woman carries girl toddler with bonnet (ddr-densho-362-49)
A young woman poses with a girl toddler wearing a bonnet. The woman is looking at the toddler. An open field appears in the background.
Japanese American man and woman stand together (ddr-densho-362-51)
img Japanese American man and woman stand together (ddr-densho-362-51)
A man wearing a suit and a woman wearing a coat pose together near a wire fence.
Japanese American woman carries girl toddler with pigtails (ddr-densho-362-48)
img Japanese American woman carries girl toddler with pigtails (ddr-densho-362-48)
A young woman carries girl toddler with pigtails. An open field appears in the background.
Japanese American man stands in open field (ddr-densho-362-12)
img Japanese American man stands in open field (ddr-densho-362-12)
A man wearing a black jacket and white pants stands alone in an open field with Heart Mountain in the background.
Six Japanese American children (ddr-densho-362-10)
img Six Japanese American children (ddr-densho-362-10)
Six Japanese American children stand together for a group photo. Two camp houses appear in the background.
Two Japanese American women at barracks steps (ddr-densho-362-55)
img Two Japanese American women at barracks steps (ddr-densho-362-55)
Two women wearing black dresses pose together for a picture near a cabin barracks steps.
Japanese American girl with stuffed animal dog (ddr-densho-362-30)
img Japanese American girl with stuffed animal dog (ddr-densho-362-30)
Little girl dressed in a black dress poses with a stuffed animal dog.
Manzanar Co-op (ddr-densho-361-13)
img Manzanar Co-op (ddr-densho-361-13)
"Statement of Patronage & Disposition of Refunds" for Nobuko Sakai.
API