Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

540 items
Manzanar Co-op (ddr-densho-361-14)
img Manzanar Co-op (ddr-densho-361-14)
"Statement of Patronage & Disposition of Refunds" for Nobuko Sakai.
Japanese American children and school teachers (ddr-densho-362-52)
img Japanese American children and school teachers (ddr-densho-362-52)
Group picture of 27 school children and 10 female teachers. Marie Coon is in the first row, 3rd child from the left.
Large group of men and women take a group photo in front of a camp building (ddr-densho-362-53)
img Large group of men and women take a group photo in front of a camp building (ddr-densho-362-53)
Large group of men, women, and children gathered together for a group photo in front of a camp building. A Japanese caption appears on the front of the photograph.
Painting (ddr-densho-371-1)
img Painting (ddr-densho-371-1)
A painting by Dick Sata of a concentration camp, most likely the Gila River camp.
Young Japanese American woman playing the piano (ddr-densho-362-26)
img Young Japanese American woman playing the piano (ddr-densho-362-26)
Picture of a young woman playing the piano with an inscription on the front and back of the picture. Inscription on the front of photo reads "Dearest Mich-chan, Sincerely, Mitsue Ushio". Inscription on the back of the photo reads June 9, 1945.
Young Japanese American woman in coat and skirt (ddr-densho-362-25)
img Young Japanese American woman in coat and skirt (ddr-densho-362-25)
Picture of a young woman standing in front of a window of a building wearing a coat and skirt.
Japanese American young man (ddr-densho-362-28)
img Japanese American young man (ddr-densho-362-28)
A young man dressed in a jacket, shirt, and jeans poses for the camera in front of barracks. A handwritten note on the front reads, " To Mr. and Mrs. Konishi" Signed by Jun Chan on 4/6/1942.
Group photo of two men, one woman, and a young girl in an open field (ddr-densho-362-36)
img Group photo of two men, one woman, and a young girl in an open field (ddr-densho-362-36)
Two men, one woman, and a young girl stand in a row for a group photo in an open field.
Group of Japanese American men, women, and children with coats and blankets (ddr-densho-362-32)
img Group of Japanese American men, women, and children with coats and blankets (ddr-densho-362-32)
Large group of men, women, and children dressed in coats and blankets, gather for a group picture in an open field.
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-47)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Minidoka. Postmarked Mar 8, 1943. In red pencil “Mar 19,1943” is written next to the postmark. In the upper right corner “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in black ink. Along the left edge of the envelope is clear ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from William Koyama (ddr-one-5-39)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his son William Koyama at Minidoka. Postmarked Oct 7, 1942. In red pencil “Oct. 10, 1942” is written below the postmark. On the front of the envelope is a purple stamp that reads “Censored/Camp Livingston/Interment Camp.” Inside is a letter, dated October 5, 1942 ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-45)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Dec 8, 1942. There is clear tape along the whole left edge. Japanese is written on the left side of the envelope. On the back of the envelope is a purple "RECEIVED" stamp with the date Jan 24, 1943 ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from T. Sumi (ddr-one-5-74)
Envelope addressed to Dr. K. Koyama at the Santa Fe Detention Station from T. Sumi at Heart Mountain. It is postmarked on Dec 6, 1943. A tear is visible on the right side of the envelope below the stamp. Inside the envelope is a letter in Japanese dated December 4th. In the lower left corner is ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-53)
Yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Minidoka. Envelope is postmarked Apr 23, 1943, with “Internee of War/Free Mail” handwritten in the upper right corner. Written in red pencil is "5/4/43." Along the left edge of the envelope is clear tape with the number ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from William Koyama (ddr-one-5-64)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Santa Fe Detention Center from his son, William Koyama, at Minidoka. Envelope is postmarked August 3, 1943. In red pencil "8/10-43" is written above the receiver's information. The letter from William Koyama is yellowed and water-damaged. At the bottom of the letter is an "EXAMINED" stamp with ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-14)
White air mail envelope with a red, white and blue border. The envelope is addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Fort Sill from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 25, 1942. On the left side of the envelope, written in pencil, is “Censored 5/31/42” with initials below. Inside the ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-58)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Dentention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Jun 22, 1943. In the upper center “6/28-43” is written in red pencil. Inside the envelope was a letter, in the center of the header is an "Examined" stamp. In the letter Teru writes about being ...
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Mr. W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, March 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-69)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to Mr. W. [Willard E.] Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, March 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-69)
Memo regarding new list of fielders. Presents list of active, terminated, and new fielders and messengers of the committee, including dates of entry and termination. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0069
Tule Lake landscape photograph (ddr-csujad-3-2)
img Tule Lake landscape photograph (ddr-csujad-3-2)
Photograph taken from high vantage point of Tule Lake incarceration camp depicting an expanse of buildings and roads against the basin landscape. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_002
Fire at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-3-13)
img Fire at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-3-13)
Photograph of fire engulfed buildings in background while firefighters organize and wrangle fire hoses in the foreground. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_014
Tule Lake landscape panoramic photograph (ddr-csujad-3-5)
img Tule Lake landscape panoramic photograph (ddr-csujad-3-5)
High vantage point panoramic photograph of Tule Lake camp showing expanse of camp including buildings, railroad, roadways, and the basin landscape. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_005
Tule Lake nighttime panoramic landscape (ddr-csujad-3-10)
img Tule Lake nighttime panoramic landscape (ddr-csujad-3-10)
High vantage point panoramic clear nighttime photograph of Tule Lake camp lit by moonlight and the lights from the camp buildings. The photograph shows the expanse of the camp against the darkened landscape. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_011
Thomas and Terada families (ddr-csujad-4-30)
img Thomas and Terada families (ddr-csujad-4-30)
A photograph of the Thomas and Terada families taken during their visit of the exhibition, "And then they came for us...: marking the 75th anniversary of Executive Order 9066 authorizing the mass incarceration of Japanese-American citizens during WWII." Photographed are Laura Thomas, Emiko Amy Terada, Nancy Terada, and James H. Osborne. It is taken at CSU ...
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