Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (34)
Concentration camps (167)
The journey (78)
Living conditions (699)
Food (113)
Facilities, services, and camp administration (671)
Medical care and health issues (210)
Holidays and festivals (179)
Sports (182)
Education (689)
Publications (31)
Minidoka Irrigator (184)
Tulean Dispatch (430)
Heart Mountain Sentinel (480)
Manzanar Free Press (409)
Denson Tribune (Jerome) (177)
Gila News-Courier (436)
Granada Pioneer (341)
Poston Chronicle (670)
Rohwer Outpost (408)
Topaz Times (433)
Newell Star (110)
Religion (142)
Work and jobs (441)
Organized labor (31)
Impact of incarceration (141)
Conflicts, intimidation, and violence (147)
Manzanar riot/uprising (6)
Poston strike (2)
Arts and literature (132)
Social and recreational activities (515)
Weddings (34)
Funerals (64)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

167 items
Letter to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (October 6, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-29)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (October 6, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-29)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (October 6, 1942).
Christmas card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 17, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-103)
doc Christmas card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 17, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-103)
Christmas card to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 17, 1942). White card with illustration in blue/red of a standing Eskimo and a sitting African American. "North and South it's on everyone's mouth - Merry Christmas to you" is on the front center of card. Envelope is postmarked December 17, 1942 from the Manzanar ...
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 19, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-67)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 19, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-67)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 19, 1944). Envelope is postmarked December 19, 1944 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 16, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-64)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 16, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-64)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 16, 1942). Envelope is postmarked February 20, 1943 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (October 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-71)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (October 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-71)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (October 10, 1942). Envelope is postmarked October 12, 1942 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Christmas card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-65)
doc Christmas card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-65)
Christmas card to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 14, 1943). White card, brown scroll-type border with illustration in blue/white/red of a snowy village with people gathered around a Christmas tree. Envelope is postmarked December 14, 1943 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 27, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-110)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 27, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-110)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (December 27, 1943). Envelope is postmarked December 31, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (April 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-47)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (April 14, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-47)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (April 14, 1943). Envelope is postmarked April 20, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (March 21, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-82)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (March 21, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-82)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (March 21, 1943). Envelope is postmarked March 22, 1943 from the Gila River Incarceration Camp in Rivers, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (March 15, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-69)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (March 15, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-69)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (March 15, 1943). Envelope is postmarked March 22, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (February 26, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-33)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (February 26, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-33)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (February 26, 1943). Envelope is postmarked February 27, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (June 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-28)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (June 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-28)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (June 28, 1942). Envelope is postmarked June 29, 1942 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (November 27, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-108)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (November 27, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-108)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (November 27, 1943). Envelope is postmarked November 29, 1943 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from R. Maeda (ddr-one-5-54)
Yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from R. Maeda at Minidoka. The envelope is postmarked April 28, 1943. Along the top of the envelope is "5/11-43" written in red pencil. Along the left edge of the envelope is clear tape that has the number 149 printed on it. The tape wraps ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from T. Sumi (ddr-one-5-73)
Envelope addressed to Dr. K. Koyama at the Santa Fe Detention Station from T. Sumi at Heart Mountain. Postmarked Nov 15, 1943. On the right edge is a staple to seal the opening. Inside is a letter written in Japanese. On the right side of the letter is an "EXAMINED" stamp. The letter has not been ...
Envelope and Birthday Card to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and Birthday Card to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama (ddr-one-5-36)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama at Camp Livingston. Return sender name is not visible, but the Block number is the same as the Koyama Family; addressed as Minidoka WRA Center. Postmarked October 1, 1942. In red pencil “Oct 6 1942” is written below the postmark. On the left side of the envelope is a purple ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 16 (October 20, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 16 (October 20, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-42)
Selected article titles: "Rowher Cemetery Dedicated as Arkansas Historical Site Sunday" (pp. 1-2), "Nisei-Negro Pair Go on Mission for White House" (p. 1), "U.S. Civil Rights Report Indicates Negro in California Hit Hardest in Housing Bias" (p. 2), and "Nisei Family Included in Move from N.Y. to Chico to Avoid Threat from Atomic Bombs ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Yoshi Sato (ddr-one-5-42)
Envelope addressed to Mr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from Yoshio Sato at Minidoka. Postmarked November 11, 1942. In red pencil “Dec 15, 42” is written. Along the right edge of the envelope is a white sticker, on the back side of the envelope it reads "U.S.A. 269." Inside the envelope is a letter ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-57)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Dentention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama. Postmarked Jun 17, 1943. In red pencil “6/23/43” is written above the address. Inside is a letter about a recent trip to Idaho Falls for shopping. Teru bought some fabric to make some new dresses and she bought ...
Two women standing (ddr-densho-321-88)
img Two women standing (ddr-densho-321-88)
Fuzy and another woman at Heart Mountain concentration camp.
Two women standing (ddr-densho-321-89)
img Two women standing (ddr-densho-321-89)
Fuzy and another woman at Heart Mountain concentration camp.
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