442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (218)
Military service (1161)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1987)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

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1987 items
Nisei captain giving medical aid (ddr-densho-114-91)
img Nisei captain giving medical aid (ddr-densho-114-91)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. At an aid station in a wine cellar, Capt. J. Kimura of Berkeley, Calif., lances an infected finger for Pvt. Claude Lunn of Willsville, New York, Right, while Tec 5 George Kobayashi of Honolulu, T.H., holds a flashlight. All are of the 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division. U.S. Fifth Army. [The …
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-108)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-108)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss.; Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of …
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii, and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of …
442nd Regimental Combat Team band (ddr-densho-114-185)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team band (ddr-densho-114-185)
Original caption: The 442nd Infantry Regiment band, the only Army musical organization whose members all are Americans of Japanese descent, plays for its regiment at a ceremony in Cecina, Italy. The band leader, M/Sgt. Jun Yamamoto, lives at 1214 Hayes St., Boise, Idaho. 7/30/44.
Nisei soldiers moving by truck (ddr-densho-114-126)
img Nisei soldiers moving by truck (ddr-densho-114-126)
Original caption: A line of Army trucks, loaded with 2nd Battalion Japanese-American infantrymen, moves up to a new bivouac area in the Chambois sector, in France. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn, 442nd Combat Team.
Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-22)
img Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-22)
Original caption: Units of the 2nd and 3rd Bns., 442nd Japanese-American Combat Team pass in review before Lt. Gen. Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., CO, U.S. Fifth Army, after he has awarded them with the Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation at Yankee Stadium, Leghorn, Italy. 9/4/45.
Nisei soldiers in formation (ddr-densho-114-111)
img Nisei soldiers in formation (ddr-densho-114-111)
Original caption: Co. E. of the 442nd Inf. Regt. comprising Japanese-American lads snapped in formation. Camp Shelby, Mississippi. 5/13/1943.
Command post on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-74)
img Command post on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-74)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American unit moves into a new command post which was built for them by the U.S. Army Engineers. This unit is holding a strategic front line position. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers sorting confiscated goods (ddr-densho-114-23)
img Nisei soldiers sorting confiscated goods (ddr-densho-114-23)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. Confiscated material goes into a trailer which is run down a line of material at the Fifth Army Concentration Area. L to R: Pvt. George Nasuschige, Company C, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, of Poston Arizona and Pfc. Masao Irana of Company "D", 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment of Honolulu, Hawaii. …
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-89)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-89)
Original caption: Three Japanese-American soldiers look down on the French Valley in the Bruyere Sector of France from a hill that was under heavy morter and shell fire. Trees in foreground show the effects of the shelling. 22 Oct 1944.
Nisei soldier on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-36)
img Nisei soldier on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-36)
Original caption: Japanese-American soldier armed with a bazooka, stands guard in the woods near the front lines, he is being relieved by a member of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, Combat Team, 2nd Battalion, H Co., St. Die Area, France. 17 Nov 1944.
Switchboard operator (ddr-densho-114-66)
img Switchboard operator (ddr-densho-114-66)
Original caption: T/5 Thomas N. Goto, Paauilo, Hawaii, switching central operator, shown at a forward C.P., is ready to go on duty while other operators catch up on their sleep. American-born Japanese composing the 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., have established an outstanding fighting record with the International Fifth Army - educated in West Coast schools, …
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-169)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-169)
Basic training at Camp Shelby. Nisei soldiers throwing fragmentation grenades.
Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-114-49)
img Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-114-49)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. At a forward Command Post, Pfc. Bob T. Nakamura of Oahu, Hawaii, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, makes sure that he will not loose his laundry by hanging it on a jeep. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the location is Castellina.]
Working at the Regimental Command Post (ddr-densho-114-62)
img Working at the Regimental Command Post (ddr-densho-114-62)
Original caption: PREPARATION FOR PARADE OF 442nd COMBAT TEAM (JAPANESE AMERICAN TROOPS) TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C., 15 July 1946. Issuing out overseas bars at the Regimental Command Post left to right are: 1st Lt. George H. Vogt, 1446 Ridge Road, Webster, New York (Personnel Adjutant), T/Sgt. George Miki, Honolulu, T.H. (Personnel Sergeant Major), Sgt. …
Nisei soldiers on the move (ddr-densho-114-40)
img Nisei soldiers on the move (ddr-densho-114-40)
Original caption: Bruyeres, France. File of Japanese-American Infantrymen moves past wooded area. 24 Oct 1944.
Three nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-29)
img Three nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-29)
Original caption: S. Agata Di Goti, Italy. 2nd Lt. Hideo Kaichi, 2nd Lt. Yutaka K. Yoshida, and 2nd Lt. Bouo F. Tanigawa, all from the Hawaiian Islands and veterans of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, just after they received their bars after completing the twelve-week course at the Leadership and Battle School. 14 July 1945.
Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-99)
img Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-99)
Original caption: A group of five Hawaiian-American soldiers of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., move up in the battle for Leghorn in a captured German jeep. American born Japanese composing the 442nd Inf. Regt., have established an outstanding record with the international Fifth Army - educated in West Coast schools, and numbering …
Cannon company (ddr-densho-114-124)
img Cannon company (ddr-densho-114-124)
Original caption: La Houssiere Area, France. Combat Team of a Cannon Company, fires from their new position in the woods. This particular Unit is composed of almost all Japanese-American troops. 442nd Infantry. 4 Nov 1944.
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-171)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-171)
Basic training at Camp Shelby. Firing Browning 30-Calibre heavy meachine gun.
A mother receiving posthumous medal (ddr-densho-114-128)
img A mother receiving posthumous medal (ddr-densho-114-128)
Original caption: Honolulu, T.H. Mrs. Shizuko Kina receives the Silver Star Medal posthumously awarded her brother, Pfc. Tomaki Shimabukuro, during a ceremony at 1965 South King Street, Honolulu, T.H. The presentation, by Chaplain Corwin H. Olds, CPBC, is made for gallantry in action with the 2nd Bn., 442nd Reg. Combat Team, near Bruyeres, France, on October …
Nisei soldiers studying a map (ddr-densho-114-42)
img Nisei soldiers studying a map (ddr-densho-114-42)
Original caption: Studying a map of [illegible] new bivouac area at a roadside are l/r: 2nd Lt. Edward E. [illegible], Mountain Lakes, N.J., 2nd Lt. Robert H. Foote, Hebron, Conn., S/Sgt. Min Shumida, Los Angeles, Calif., and Sgt. Minoru A. Ikehara of Honolulu, T.H. 10/13/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat Team, Chambois Sector. France.
Memorial Day services (ddr-densho-114-162)
img Memorial Day services (ddr-densho-114-162)
Original caption: Japanese-American soldiers of the 442nd Regiment Combat Team, 2nd Battalion, salute as the American national anthem is played at the finale of the Memorial Day services held at the front, in France. Seventh Army. 11/11/44. Fay's area, France.
442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers in France (ddr-densho-114-1)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers in France (ddr-densho-114-1)
Original caption: Japanese-American troops climb into a truck as they prepare to move their bivouac area. 2nd Battalion, 442nd Combat Team, Chambois Sector. France. 10/14/44.
Nisei soldiers standing at attention (ddr-densho-114-163)
img Nisei soldiers standing at attention (ddr-densho-114-163)
Original caption: Two Color guards and color bearers of the Japanese-American 442nd Combat Team, stand at attention while their citations are read. They are standing on ground, in the Bruyeres Area, France, where many of their comrades fell. 12 November 1944.
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