442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (215)
Military service (1099)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1958)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

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1958 items
100th/442nd/MIS World War II Memorial Foundation letter (ddr-densho-368-257)
doc 100th/442nd/MIS World War II Memorial Foundation letter (ddr-densho-368-257)
Letter asking for support and donations to build the Japanese American World War II Veterans Memorial Monument in Los Angeles
Grand Hotel in San Pellegrino, Italy (ddr-densho-368-86)
img Grand Hotel in San Pellegrino, Italy (ddr-densho-368-86)
Written on back: "10 June 1945/San Pellegrino, Italy/Grande Albergo"
Names written on metal platform (ddr-densho-368-114)
img Names written on metal platform (ddr-densho-368-114)
Girders where the bodies of Mussolini, his mistress Clara Petacci and other facists killed with them were hung
Soldiers in front of fence (ddr-densho-368-141)
img Soldiers in front of fence (ddr-densho-368-141)
Soldiers of 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Sign behind soldiers reads "Danger-Mines"
Soldier with flag (ddr-densho-368-5)
img Soldier with flag (ddr-densho-368-5)
Written on front: "To Bill/ Sincerely Hideo Kaiche"
Man standing on ledge of pool (ddr-densho-368-66)
img Man standing on ledge of pool (ddr-densho-368-66)
Soldier of 442nd Regimental Combat Team in Italy, possibly at a family estate where they were encamped
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