442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (218)
Military service (1161)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1987)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

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1987 items
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-333)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-333)
Various articles from the Pacific Citizen and the Oregon Journal, one of which is titled "Work of Nisei Paramount in Defense."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-390)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-390)
Newspaper clippings from the Seattle Times, one of which is titled "'Fight for Your Rights,' Wirin Tells JACL Group at Conference."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-323)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-323)
One article from Pacific Citizen titled: "Hawaiian stars of 442nd Unit Give Exhibition in Milan." Three articles from the Minidoka Irrigator, one of which is titled "Japanese Americans Honor Fallen Comrades." From scrapbook page titled: "Nisei in Europe (cont'd)."
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Is This Democracy?" (ddr-densho-35-404)
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page, one of which is titled "Soldier Declares GIs Demand Working Rights for Nisei."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-327)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-327)
Articles from the Oregonian, one of which is titled "Saved by Nisei."
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-330)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-330)
Newspaper articles, one of which is titled "'We Fight for Our Rights,' Says Hunt Inductee." Newspaper unknown.
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-328)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-328)
Various newspaper articles on Japanese American soldiers, including one from Coronet Magazine titled: "Japanese Americans Fighting Valiantly in Italy Have Proved Their Loyalty With Blood." Other newspapers unknown.
Sunday Oregonian article (ddr-densho-35-335)
doc Sunday Oregonian article (ddr-densho-35-335)
Newspaper article from scrapbook page titled: "Frank Hayachida: He Was American at Birth - And at Death."
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Nisei War Casualties" (ddr-densho-35-334)
This scrapbook page includes articles from the Pacific Citizen and the Minidoka Irrigator.
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-324)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-324)
Various articles from the Oregon Journal, Army Times, and Pacific Citizen.
Funeral service for a Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-36-1)
img Funeral service for a Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-36-1)
This service for a Nisei soldier was held at the Seattle Buddhist Church.
Funeral service for a Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-36-2)
img Funeral service for a Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-36-2)
Funeral service for a Nisei soldier at the Washelli Cemetery.
Nisei couple in a cemetery (ddr-densho-105-17)
img Nisei couple in a cemetery (ddr-densho-105-17)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota and wife at the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Battle of Biffontaine, France. This ceremony was held at the Quequement Cemetery.
Nisei soldier's Purple Heart (ddr-densho-105-20)
img Nisei soldier's Purple Heart (ddr-densho-105-20)
Purple Heart awarded Minoru Tsubota, Warrant Officer (Junior Grade), 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Combat wounded in Cerebia, Italy, Aug. 24, 1944.
Senninbari,
img Senninbari, "thousand-stitch belt" (ddr-densho-105-8)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota's mother made this senninbari in Tule Lake. It is known as a thousand-stitch belt, and was created to protect a soldier going into battle. Each of the thousand knots was sewn by a different woman. On the belt is stitched Min's Buddhist name, the traditional Buddhist chant of "Namu Amida Butsu," and a …
Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-105-13)
img Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-105-13)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota, Warrant Officer (Junior Grade) with the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Nisei couple in front of tour bus (ddr-densho-105-16)
img Nisei couple in front of tour bus (ddr-densho-105-16)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota and wife Cherrie at the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Battle of Biffontaine, France.
Armistice Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-76)
img Armistice Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-76)
Original caption: A rifle squad of the 442nd Regiment Combat Team fires a salute in memory of their departed comrades, during Armistice Day ceremonies at the front, in France. Standing in the right foreground are (left to right) Lt. Col. James M. Hanley, Regiment Commanding Officer, and Lt. Col. Virgil R. Miller, CO, 2nd Battalion. Seventh …
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-82)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-82)
Original caption: U.S. Fifth Army, Cecina Area, Italy. American soldiers of Japanese descent of the 2nd Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., bow their heads in prayer for their departed comrades who gave their lives in combat with the enemy in the area north of Rome. The memorial services are being held at the Battalion Headquarters area near …
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-60)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-60)
Original caption: PREPARATION FOR PARADE OF THE 442ND REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM (JAPANESE AMERICAN TROOPS) TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON D.C. ON THE 15TH JULY 1946. Color bearers polishing metal of staff are left to right: M/Sgt. Mitsuomi Tanaka, Honokaa, Hawaii, T/Sgt. Hiroshi Yamamoto, Brigham, Utah, and 1st /Sgt. Tom Harimoto, 3745 Maunaloa Ave, Honolulu. Fort Belvoir, …
Nisei soldiers writing letters (ddr-densho-114-37)
img Nisei soldiers writing letters (ddr-densho-114-37)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion, in bivouac prepare to go late front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Tec 5 Teroo Goma, Honokaa, Hawaii; Pvt. Nolan Miyazake, Wailua, Oahu, Hawaii; and Pvt. Kunio Ogawa, Kahului, Maue, Hawaii, write letters and …
Nisei soldier writing a letter (ddr-densho-114-39)
img Nisei soldier writing a letter (ddr-densho-114-39)
Original caption: Pfc. Larry Imamura, of Kehaha, Kauai, Hawaii, a Japanese-American with the 442nd Combat Team of the 100th Infantry Bn., in bivouac in the Charmois area of France, writes a letter before meeting the Germans on the front lines for the first time. U.S. Seventh Army. 10/22/44.
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