442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (218)
Military service (1161)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1987)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

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1987 items
Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
img Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
Original caption: Colonel Joseph P. Sullivan, Sixth Army Quartermaster, represents General Mark W. Clark, CG, Sixth Army, at a ceremony where Sam Kinoshita, Nisei veteran of the 442nd Combat Team, holds Hawaiian lei of 1,100 individual flowers, which is on route to Paris to be placed on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Arch …
Nisei soldiers receiving Presidential Citation (ddr-densho-114-79)
img Nisei soldiers receiving Presidential Citation (ddr-densho-114-79)
Original caption: Rosignano Area, Italy. The standards of Company A, B, C, and D of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regt., 34th Division, composed of Americans of Japanese descent, are topped with flying battle streamers, awarded through a Presidential Citation, tied on by Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, CG, U.S. Fifth Army. 27 July 1944.
Nisei soldier discussing enemy position (ddr-densho-114-17)
img Nisei soldier discussing enemy position (ddr-densho-114-17)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. Lt. Joseph W. Hill of Pine Bluff, Ark., commanding unit of the Japanese-American Team now in action against the Germans, discussing enemy positions with a member of his unit. Company"F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
img Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. In the Fire Direction Center of the 522nd Field Artillery, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, Lt. George S. Meany, Greenwich, Conn., Left, works with his Japanese American crew. In the center is T/Sgt. Shuichi, Sakamoto, Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii, calculating vertical control and S/Sgt. Yuki Ahaki, Modesto Calif., at the horizontal control, …
Nisei soldier escorting prisoners of war (ddr-densho-114-170)
img Nisei soldier escorting prisoners of war (ddr-densho-114-170)
Prisoners of war being taken to Ghedi Air Base in Italy to be processed.
Nisei soldier standing guard (ddr-densho-114-45)
img Nisei soldier standing guard (ddr-densho-114-45)
Original caption: S/Sgt. James S. Kawashime, a Japanese-American from Hanoa Road, Honolulu, Hawaii, stands guard for the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Bn., U.S. Seventh Army in the Charmois area of France, in bivouac before meeting the Germans in combat for the first time. 10/12/44.
A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
img A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
Original caption: Honolulu, T. H. The Silver Star Medal is posthumously awarded Sgt. Charles K. Harada of 936 Wahikiki St., Honolulu, T. H. for gallantry in action near Castellina, Italy, 12 July 1944, with Co. G, 442nd Inf. Here the presentation has been made to his mother, Mrs. Hana Harada, by Chaplain (Col.) Corwin W. Olds, …
Nisei soldier in plane (ddr-densho-114-95)
img Nisei soldier in plane (ddr-densho-114-95)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. S/Sgt. Arata Kimura, San Jose, Calif., 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, observer, Left, and Cub Pilot Lt. Joseph C. Polancii, Winnsboro, LA., (Monroe Papers) confer before taking off from a forward airstrip. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the location is Castellina.]
442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A squad leader looks for German movements in the valley 200 yards away. Snow, rain and mud make life miserable for these Japanese-American front line troops. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldier relaxing in barracks (ddr-densho-114-61)
img Nisei soldier relaxing in barracks (ddr-densho-114-61)
Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington, D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Pfc. Roy Fujihara of 1581 Kauluwela Lane, Honolulu, relaxes in his barracks after a hard drill.
Nisei soldier sorts German equipment (ddr-densho-114-14)
img Nisei soldier sorts German equipment (ddr-densho-114-14)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. S/Sgt. George Y. Fujino, Los Angeles, Calif., of Company "C", 100th Battalion, of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, looks over German clothing and equipment at the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. 18 May 1945. [The correct spelling of the location is Brescia.]
Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
img Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
Original caption: Vada Area, Italy. Men of Company H, 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regiment, U.S. Fifth Army, march through Vada to the area where Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark will present the Presidential Citation for outstanding action in combat to the 100th Inf. Bn., composed of American troops of Japanese descent. 27 July 1944.
Nisei soldier with orphan (ddr-densho-114-77)
img Nisei soldier with orphan (ddr-densho-114-77)
Original caption: Lecco, Italy. Pfc. George Morihiro, Company "I", 442nd Infantry Regiment, adopted a little orphan, one of the group from the St. Joseph's Orphanage that attended the 4th of July Party at the Red Cross given by members of the 442nd Regiment, for the evening and made sure that she had plenty of sweets to …
Nisei soldiers on patrol (ddr-densho-114-179)
img Nisei soldiers on patrol (ddr-densho-114-179)
Original caption: [illegible] troops of Japanese ancestry, ride jeep patrol through the streets of Leghorn, Italy. Fifth Army, July 19, 1944.
A foxhole on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-125)
img A foxhole on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-125)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American soldier talks to a buddy through the observation port of a well camouflaged fox-hole. This unit, comprised of Japanese-Americans, are holding a section of the front line. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment, (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei memorial service (ddr-densho-114-597)
img Nisei memorial service (ddr-densho-114-597)
This memorial service, held at the First Methodist Church, is for 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers killed in action in Europe.
Parade for the President (ddr-densho-114-58)
img Parade for the President (ddr-densho-114-58)
Original caption: PREPARATION FOR THE PARADE OF THE 442nd REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM (JAPANESE AMERICAN TROOPS) TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON D.C. ON THE 15th JULY 1946. Major Sterlin C. Moore, Executive Officer of the 442nd Infantry, orienting his men as to what to expect on the Parade for the President of the United States. Major Moore's …
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-57)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-57)
Original caption: Japanese-American Chaplain. This newly-commissioned U.S. Army Chaplain is Lieut. Hiro Higuchi, a native of Hawaii, of Japanese parentage. He is now in training at Harvard, and is the second chaplain of Japanese ancestry to receive a commission in the U.S. Army Chaplains Corps. Higuchi is 36, married, and has a seven year old son. …
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-127)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-127)
Original captions: France. A Japanese-American Combat Team moves through town. 23 Oct 1944.
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-172)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-172)
Antitank Company in training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi.
Anti-tank training (ddr-densho-114-84)
img Anti-tank training (ddr-densho-114-84)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American soldiers in the anti-tank company of the combat team easing a gun off the bank of a stream to ferry it across on three steel cables. Swimmers in the water below will haul on a line in the water to move the gun. Lt. Charles W. Tayman, Commanding Officer of …
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss., Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as a Army Combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of …
Leaving for reserve (ddr-densho-114-53)
img Leaving for reserve (ddr-densho-114-53)
Original caption: Castrellina Area, Italy. Platoon leader Lt. Charles Coyne, Boston, Mass., and Sgt. Nakoto Taguchi, Lihue Kauai, T. H., an American of Japanese descent of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regt., light up while preparing to leave for reserve after 16 days of hill fighting for Leghorn. 15 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the …
Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
img Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
Original caption: Sand Island, Honolulu. Pvt. Harry Koka of Ewa, Oahu, T.H., is awarded the Purple Heart by Col. Ernst T. Barco, CO, AP & SC. He was wounded while fighting with the famed 100th Infantry in the Italian Campaign. 6 June 1945.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-59)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-59)
Original caption: Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Mr. Bill Davenport of 1569 Ethel Avenue, Lincoln Park, Michigan, former company commander in the 442nd Infantry, who was discharged last month, is …
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