442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (231)
Military service (2818)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (3015)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

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3015 items
Japanese American soldiers at Verona railway station (ddr-densho-201-69)
img Japanese American soldiers at Verona railway station (ddr-densho-201-69)
Three Japanese American soldiers, probably at Verona Porta Nuova railway station in Verona, Italy. Caption on reverse: "Koichi Asano, Yukio Arishiro."
Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier (ddr-densho-201-272)
img Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier (ddr-densho-201-272)
Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier. Signature on front: "To Mas-- [Aloha?], Kengo." Caption on front: "Kengo Otsuka."
Soldiers on a ship in the port of Leghorn, Italy (ddr-densho-201-797)
img Soldiers on a ship in the port of Leghorn, Italy (ddr-densho-201-797)
Caption in album: "1. Jim Tateoka 2. Kiyoshi Sanuki 3. Pete Masushige 4. Kodama."
img "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Gang plank going up." (ddr-densho-201-362)
Crowded ship in dock. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Gang plank going up."
Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-531)
img Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-531)
Caption in album: "Joeseph [sic] Matsuzaki / Seattle WN."
U.S. soldiers in front of Italian hotel (ddr-densho-201-206)
img U.S. soldiers in front of Italian hotel (ddr-densho-201-206)
U.S. soldiers in front of a building whose sign reads "Albergo," or "hotel" in Italian.
Three soldiers posed (ddr-densho-201-249)
img Three soldiers posed (ddr-densho-201-249)
Japanese American and white soldiers posed with their arms around each other.
Hotel-Pension Sonnwendhof (ddr-densho-201-408)
img Hotel-Pension Sonnwendhof (ddr-densho-201-408)
Caption on reverse: "Hotel-Pension Sonnwendhof Engelberg Tel. 7 71 42; Copyright by K. Meuser; Spezialgeschaft fur Photographie, Engelberg." Written on reverse: "1st day--Chiasso Dep.8.32 Lucerne Arr. 12.43 Over-night January 2, 1946 Lucerne Dep. 10.46 by boat Stansstad Arr. 11.37 Stanssad Dep. 11.45 Engelberg Arr. 12.47 Lunch Overnight. 3rd 4th and 5th Engelberg."
img "Tak Nishimoto" (ddr-densho-201-288)
Man on the beach. Caption on front: "Tak Nishimoto."
Soldiers on a train (ddr-densho-201-49)
img Soldiers on a train (ddr-densho-201-49)
Japanese American and white soldiers looking out the windows of a train car.
Three soldiers standing outside tent (ddr-densho-201-370)
img Three soldiers standing outside tent (ddr-densho-201-370)
Caption on front: "Harry Sakamoto, George Miyahara, CALF[?]."
Soldier overlooking Florence cityscape (ddr-densho-201-218)
img Soldier overlooking Florence cityscape (ddr-densho-201-218)
Japanese American soldier looking out a window over a cityscape in Florence, Italy. Printed on reverse: "ferrania" (a maker of Italian photographic film).
Soldiers going home (ddr-densho-201-653)
img Soldiers going home (ddr-densho-201-653)
Caption in album: "442nd going home on Wilson Victory Ship June, 1946 / 442nd Regt. boys leaving Italy."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-490)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-490)
Caption in album: "Laverne Kurahara / California."
Japanese American soldiers doing headstands on a beach (ddr-densho-201-399)
img Japanese American soldiers doing headstands on a beach (ddr-densho-201-399)
Japanese American soldiers doing headstands on a beach. Caption on front: "Pen Beach Italy."
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