442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (218)
Military service (1161)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1987)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

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1987 items
442nd Regimental Combat Team members running for cover in Italy (ddr-densho-114-2)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team members running for cover in Italy (ddr-densho-114-2)
Original caption: Italy. Americans of Japanese descent, Infantrymen of the 442nd Regiment, run for cover as a German artillery shell is about to land outside the building. Fifth Army 4 April 1945.
Nisei soldier with prisoner of war (ddr-densho-114-69)
img Nisei soldier with prisoner of war (ddr-densho-114-69)
Original caption: Breascia Area, Italy. Pvt. Akira Miyamoto, Company "C", 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, examines a German soldier at the Fifth Army enemy concentration area, near Breascia. 18 May 1945. [The correct spelling of the location in Brescia.]
Reactivation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-78)
img Reactivation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-78)
Original caption: Kahului, Maui. At an impressive military ceremony on the Kahului Fair Grounds, Lt. Col. Harry G. Albright, CO, 442nd Inf. Regt., congratulate: Capt. Sadami Katahara, CO, Company F, 442nd Inf. Regt., which was reactivated as an organized reserve unit. Looking on are, L. to R., Major Henry Kawano, CO, 100th Bn. and Major Lloyd …
Two Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-38)
img Two Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-38)
Original caption: Pfc Robert N. Maeda, left, Waipahu, Oahu, Hawaii, munches a candy bar as he waits with Pfc Lawson I. Sakai, of Grand Junction, Colo., for transportation to a new bivouac area in France. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat Team, Chambois Sector. France.
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-107)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-107)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Mississippi, Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of …
Nisei veteran blinded in battle (ddr-densho-114-168)
img Nisei veteran blinded in battle (ddr-densho-114-168)
Original caption: Oahu, T.H. Pfc. Kiyoto Nakai, Japanese-American veteran of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, who was blinded in battle, sits with his seeing-eye dog, Cubby and his fiancee, Miss Miyaho Hiratoni, at the Army's North Sector General Hospital. Schofield Barracks. 10 September 1945.
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-113)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-113)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss., Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii, and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of …
Nisei soldiers in meal line (ddr-densho-114-41)
img Nisei soldiers in meal line (ddr-densho-114-41)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion, in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Prc. Yoshimaeo Kawaguchi, Mountain View, Hawaii goes through the chow line. Seventh Army. 12 Oct 1944.
442nd Regimental Combat Team soldier in action (ddr-densho-114-26)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldier in action (ddr-densho-114-26)
Original caption: Japanese-American infantrymen move into action in a hilly sector of France. 10/24/44. Bruyeres.
522nd Field Artillery Battalion soldiers (ddr-densho-114-87)
img 522nd Field Artillery Battalion soldiers (ddr-densho-114-87)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Men of the 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Infantry Regt., 34th Division, are firing a 105-MM Howitzer in the Battle for Leghorn. The American born Japanese, of which the 442nd Inf. Regt. consists, here are, L. to R., Cpl. Edward Nakamura, Honolulu, T.H., Gunner; Pfc. George Tanna, Honolulu, T.H., No. 1 …
Fifth Army Headquarters (ddr-densho-114-48)
img Fifth Army Headquarters (ddr-densho-114-48)
Original caption: Brescia Area, Italy. Pfc. Yoshito, Hilo, Hawaii, of Company "L", 3rd Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, stands guard at the headquarters building of the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. He is an American of Japanese descent. 21 May 1945.
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-86)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-86)
Original caption: Cecina Area, Italy. The 2nd Battalion of the 442nd Inf. Regt., an American-Japanese unit, gathers in a memorial service for their comrades who have died in combat. Lt. Col. James M. Hanley, Commander, addresses the battalion. 5th Army. 1944.
Salerno Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-75)
img Salerno Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-75)
Cardone, Italy. Pfc. Tom Masanori, Santa Cruz, Calif., 442nd Japanese-American Combat Team, sings "God Bless America," during Salerno Day Ceremony, the day that the Fifth Army becomes inoperational in the MTO, after two years of operations which ended in victory. Fifth Army. 9 Sept 1945.
French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
img French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
This monument in Biffontaine, France, was built and donated by Jean Bianchetti in remembrance of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Inspecting a German kitchen (ddr-densho-114-136)
img Inspecting a German kitchen (ddr-densho-114-136)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. The Germans brought with them their own horse-drawn field kitchens, to the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. Here, Pfc. Genzo Toguchi, Headquarters Company, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment of Honolulu, Hawaii and Sgt. Seisaburo Taba, Headquarters Company, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, also of Honolulu, inspecting a German kitchen. Fifth Army. …
Nisei captain giving medical treatment (ddr-densho-114-32)
img Nisei captain giving medical treatment (ddr-densho-114-32)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Capt. George Takahashi, San Mateo, Calif., 422nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., calms an aching tooth for Pvt. James Hoshi, Los Angeles, Calif., 522nd Field Artillery, assisted by Tec 5 Abraham Tokioka of Honolulu, T. H., who holds a flashlight. The scene is in a wine cellar of a recently evacuated German …
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-85)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-85)
Original caption: Cecina Area, Italy. Bugler Pfc. Charles Kimura of Honolulu, T.H., plays taps as the rifle squad stands at "present arms," after firing salute to the 72 members of the 2nd Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., honored at a memorial service held after one month of combat. The regiment consists of Japanese Americans. U.S. Fifth Army. …
Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
img Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
Original caption: Two members of the Free French of the Interior, act as guides for man of the Japanese-American Combat Team in France, 2nd Lt. Arthur McColl of Chicago, Ill., (not in this picture,) stands in front of a jeep driven by Pfc. William I. Soma, of Kealia, Hawaii. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat Team, Chambois …
Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
img Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
Original caption: Kahului, Maui. T. H. Major Lloyd C. Kaapana, CO, 3rd DN., 442 Inf. Regt., delivers an address during the ceremony activating company F, 442nd Inf. Regt. in the Organized Reserve Corps. 11 October 1945.
Nisei soldier in bivouac (ddr-densho-114-19)
img Nisei soldier in bivouac (ddr-densho-114-19)
Original caption: Chambois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Pfc. Paul W. Hasegawa, Honokaa, Hawaii eats chow. Seventh Army. 12 October 1944.
Nisei soldiers meeting with General Clark (ddr-densho-114-117)
img Nisei soldiers meeting with General Clark (ddr-densho-114-117)
Original caption: Lucca Area, Italy. Gen. Mark W. Clark, CG of the Fifteenth Army Group (touring the 92nd Division Area) welcomes the men of the 442nd Regiment, and the 100th Battalion, who are now under his command. General Clark formerly commanded them while he was CG of the Fifth Army, and they were then with the …
442nd Regimental Combat Team parade (ddr-densho-114-184)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team parade (ddr-densho-114-184)
Original caption: Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington, D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Mr. Bill Davenport of 1569 Ethel Avenue, Lincoln Park, Michigan, former company commander in the 442nd Infantry, who was discharged last month, is …
Member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion with Italian soldier (ddr-densho-114-93)
img Member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion with Italian soldier (ddr-densho-114-93)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Tec 5 William Hirata, Honolulu, Hawaii, 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, and Lorenzo Riba, Italian soldier, Right, 11th Pack Mule Co., 34th Division, are comrades-in-arms. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944.
Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
img Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American machine gunner keeps himself ready for a sight of a German. His unit composed, entirely of Japanese-Americans, are holding a section of the front lines. Company F. 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
img Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
Original caption: A Japanese-American mortar crew at their position, somewhere in France. One of the crew drops an 81 mm shell into the barrel of the mortar. Combat team, 2nd Bn., H Co. 11/17/44. 442nd Regt. St. Die area.
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