442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (231)
Military service (2818)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (3015)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion


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3015 items
Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-134)
img Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-134)
Three Japanese American soldiers outside a tent. Caption on reverse: "Kurokazu, Izuka, Abe."
img "On guard (bayonet drill)" (ddr-densho-201-216)
Japanese American soldier pointing a bayonet on guard. Caption on reverse: "On guard (bayonet drill), 4-12-42."
img "Kenichi Hirabara 'Wanda'" (ddr-densho-201-289)
Japanese American soldier sitting on a stoop. Caption on front: "Kenichi Hirabara 'Wanda'."
img "Brother Matsuo" (ddr-densho-201-309)
Japanese American soldier posed on porch. Caption on front: "Brother Matsuo."
Soldier smoking a cigarette (ddr-densho-201-40)
img Soldier smoking a cigarette (ddr-densho-201-40)
Unidentified Japanese American man in military uniform smoking a cigarette outside a tent.
Soldier looking at tent (ddr-densho-201-425)
img Soldier looking at tent (ddr-densho-201-425)
Nisei soldier leaning against a tree and looking at a military tent.
Three men waving out a window (ddr-densho-201-365)
img Three men waving out a window (ddr-densho-201-365)
Three men waving out a window. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Kariya, Sakuma, Fujinami."
img "Jim & I on Ponte Vecchio (old bridge)" (ddr-densho-201-233)
Two Japanese American soldiers on a bridge. Caption on front: "Jim & I on Ponte Vecchio (old bridge)."
Soldier next to
img Soldier next to "2nd Plt." sign (ddr-densho-201-140)
Uniformed Japanese American soldier next to "2nd Plt." sign. Caption on reverse: "Yukio Ishimatsu, Utah."
img "RTC 208 B Company, Camp Blanding Florida, Aug. - Dec. 1944" (ddr-densho-201-403)
Caption on reverse: "Property of Masao Sakagami. Nob [?] Sakagami [illegible] #34. RTC 208 B Company, Camp Blanding Florida, Aug. - Dec. 1944. 1st row: 1. Nukaya, 2. [unidentified], 3. Enro Okada, 4. [unidentified], 5. Shig Matsukawa, 6. Joe Matsuzaki, 7. Mitsuru Sakurada, 8. Tamio Sakata, 9. Satoru Sakuma, 10. Ishida, 11. ?? Sakuma. 2nd: 1. …
Group of soldiers (ddr-densho-201-526)
img Group of soldiers (ddr-densho-201-526)
Back row, left to right: Ed Iwataki, Harry Inakai, Jone Koshiba, Geo. Sakata, Carl Fujimoto, Shiroma, Roy Fujihara, Thomas Fujimoto. Front row, left to right: Satoji, Arisumi, Masao Sakagami, Laverne Kuwahara, Kiyoshi, Sanuki, Tom Kobayakawa.
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-482)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-482)
Caption in album: "Mits Sakurada / Idaho."
Portrait of Japanese American soldier (ddr-densho-201-39)
img Portrait of Japanese American soldier (ddr-densho-201-39)
Portrait of mustachioed Japanese American soldier in uniform.