Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (954)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

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954 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 18 (October 28, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 18 (October 28, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-43)
Select article titles: "Yen deposit claims to be reviewed by Warren court" (p. 1); "Marine Corps to organize Oriental platoon for training next February" (p. 3); "Boston Public Schools classifies Chinese American pupils as 'whites'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 6 (August 5, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 6 (August 5, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-31)
Select article titles: "Civil Rights Resolution" (p. 1); "Atty. Gen. Lynch pays tribute to Sab Kido" (p.1); "Keep with the times: Diane Suda" (p.3); "Extol Japanese American identity" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 19, (November 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 19, (November 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-44)
Select article titles: "Senator Inouye Prefaces Appeal: JACL Bldg. Fund Drive Blasts Off" (p.1); "Evacuee Reparation Input Sought" (p.1); "Philadelphia JACL Seeks Papers for Its Local History" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 13 (September 27, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 13 (September 27, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-38)
Selected article titles: "Reparations Bill Offered, Taps Reversion Funds" (p. 1), "Hawaii Politics: See Five Nikkei in Line for Five Top Demo Nominations" (p. 1), and "Merriam to List 'Jap' in '75 Issue of Collegiate" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 6 (August 9, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 6 (August 9, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-31)
Selected article titles: "Population in World Casts Dim U.S. Future" (pp. 1, 6), "Reparations for Evacuees Still High on JACL Priority" (p. 1), "Sen. Daniel Inouye: On World Population" (pp. 2, 5), and "Kiyoshi Hirano: Dubbed Stockton's Henry Kissinger, He Negotiates Return of Temple Bell" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 20 (November 15, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 20 (November 15, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-45)
Selected article titles: "JACL--National Board: New Evacuee Reparation Concept Without Massive Pay Bill Explained" (p. 1), "San Francisco Nihonmachi: Agency's 10-Year Report" (pp. 1, 3), and "Topaz Revisited: Desert Sands Reclaiming History" (pp. 1, 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 23 (December 6, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 23 (December 6, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-48)
Selected article titles: "Attorneys Back Reparation Bid" (pp. 1-2), "Cleveland JACL: Am I Minority Always?" (p. 2), "San Francisco Nihonmachi: Destruction--Dispersal" (p. 2), and "Judge Invalidates UC Minority Admissions" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
Selected article titles: "Dean Speaks at Tri-District: Seek 'Redress' for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Manuscript of Canada Nikkei History Written" (pp. 1, 3), "House Repeals E.O. 9066" (p. 1), and "Guest Column: Women in Japan" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
Selected article titles: "MDC Reparations Survey" (pp. 1, 3), "Sen. Inouye Explains Final Lesson to Be Learned from Watergate Trauma" (p. 1), "Editorials: A Battered Manzanar Plaque" (p. 2), and "Ye Editor's Desk: Other Thoughts on the Visit" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 14 (October 3, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 14 (October 3, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-39)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Farm Problems Aired" (p. 1), "Nikkei Back at Poston for Look" (pp. 1-2), "Manzanar Plaque Found Defaced" (p. 1), and "From the Frying Pan: John Dean on Redress" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 18 (May 9, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 18 (May 9, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-18)
Selected article titles: "Viet Exodus Stirs Racism" (pp. 1-2), "Minority One: Lesson of a Pilgrimage" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-Political Education: How Should We Seek Reparations?" (pp. 1-2), and "Book Review: A Crucial Japan-American Period" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 2 (January 17, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 2 (January 17, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-2)
Selected article titles: "Dean Interested in Evacuee Reparations" (p. 1), "Little Tokyo Redevelopment: Northsiders Tiff with City Hall" (p. 1), and "The Rice Act of 1974: Manna in the U.S." (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 9 (March 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 9 (March 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-9)
Selected article titles: "VFW Post in Okinawa Push Evac. Reparation" (p. 1), "Topaz WRA Camp Monuments Set" (p. 1), "Japanese Day School Scheduled to Open This Fall in New York" (p. 1), and "Federal Communications Commission: Ruling the Air Waves and Waiving the Rules" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 25 (June 27, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 25 (June 27, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-25)
Selected article titles: "JACL--Special Board Meeting: Opening Topics on Agenda Heated" (pp. 1-2), "Evacuee Reparations Theme of John Dean Speech at JACL-TDC" (p. 1), and "Book Review: Two Important Bibliographies" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
Selected article titles: "Rice Bill Seeks Lower Prices" (p. 1), "Gila River Camp High School Grads Hold 30-Year Reunion, Eye 1980 Meet" (p. 1), "Potshots: Hard Working Chapters" (p. 2), and "Plain Speaking: Reparations Campaign" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 19 (November 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 19 (November 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-44)
Selected article titles: "Inouye, Mineta Questioning Big Government Spending" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL Gets $75,000 Catholic Grant" (pp. 1-2), "E.O. 9066 Reparations Poll in Favor of Payment to Evacuees" (p. 1), "Poston Indians Welcome Pilgrimage" (p. 5), and "Dances in Camp" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 3 (January 24, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 3 (January 24, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-3)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: The Year Ahead" (p. 1), "Dies Committee vs. JACL" (pp. 1-2), "Evacuee Reparation a Sleepy Issue in JACL" (p. 3), and "First Ethnic Survey of Hawaii Teachers Held" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 17 (April 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 17 (April 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-17)
Selected article titles: "Reparation Campaign Underway" (pp. 1, 3), "Illegal Alien Law Okd" (pp. 1, 3), "Committee for Iva Toguri" (p. 1), and "Wendy's Pretrial" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 15 (October 8, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 15 (October 8, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-40)
Selected article titles: "Topaz Camp Plaque to Be Dedicated" (p. 1), "Key Elements for Any JACL Reparations Plan" (p. 1), "A Nisei in Japan: Japan's Nationalism: Myth or Fact" (p. 2), "From the Frying Pan: Japan Opinion on Nisei" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 21 (May 28, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 21 (May 28, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-21)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Government Bureaucracy" (p. 1), "From JACL National Headquarters Communications: Whale Issue Committee" (p. 1), "Issei Evacuee, Now in Reno, Recalls Building Manzanar's Barb-Wire Fence" (p. 1), and "Columbia Basin Plan: Part I" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 24 (June 18, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 24 (June 18, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-24)
Selected article titles: "JACL Convention Delegates: Welcome to Sacramento" (p. 1), "Successor to Ushio Being Recruited" (p. 1), "By the Board: Reparations Campaign" (pp. 2, 6), and "Interracial Marriage by Asians Outside Ethnic Group Noted at Census Hearings" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 19 (May 14, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 19 (May 14, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-19)
Selected article titles: "$2 Billion Seen for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Editorials: Reparations Program" (p. 2), "A Nisei in Japan: An Overcrowded Nation" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: Mass Media in '42" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 7 (August 13, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 7 (August 13, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-32)
Selected article titles: "JACL, PC Offices Get Eviction Notes" (pp. 1, 3), "Reflections on Asiamerican Writers" (pp. 1-2), "Biennium Afterthoughts" (p. 1), and "From the Frying Pan: Reparations or a Pavilion" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 22 (June 4, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 22 (June 4, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-22)
Selected article titles: "Foundation Responsiveness Project: Queries from Membership" (p. 1), "Reparations Study" (pp. 1, 4), "Columbia Basin Plan: Part II" (p. 2), and "Justice Overdue" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 11 (September 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 11 (September 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-36)
Selected article titles: "Congress Repeals Evacuation Law" (p. 1), "VFW Urges Reparations" (p. 1), "Evacuees Perpetuate Gov. Carr" (pp. 1, 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Gov. Carr Memorial" (p. 2).
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