Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (280)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

279 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 12 (September 17, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 12 (September 17, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-38)
Selected article titles: "Preliminary Findings of JACL History Project Upset Myths" (p.1-2), "Against the KKK in Bogalusa" (p.1-2), "B'nai B'rith Cites Gains in Civil Rights Laws in States" (p.1), "Senate Immigration Debate" (p.2), "Nisei Democrats Support Proposal for Creating L.A. City Human Relations Dept." (p.3), "Financial, Moral Support ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 8 (August 20, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 8 (August 20, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-34)
Selected article titles: "Los Angeles Riot Heaps Nisei Business with $1 Million Loss" (p.1), "Orange County Nisei Protest Filming of Nisei Traitor Story" (p.1, 3), "Agenda for Youth Delegates Announced" (p.1), "House Immigration Bill" (p.2), "History Project: Issei Innkeepers of Seattle" (p.3, 5), "Nisei Progress in Brazil Recorded" (p.3), "Open ...
Pacific citizen, Vol. 77, No. 23, (December 7, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-48)
doc Pacific citizen, Vol. 77, No. 23, (December 7, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-48)
Select article titles: "U.S. Judge Rules 3-1 Ration for S.F. Police Dept." (p.1); "Calif. Legislature: Reappointment Settled" (p.1); "'Gambare!', Bannai Urges Nisei" (p.1); "Returned Land from U.S. Military in Japan to Be Converted into Parks" (p.5); "Geologist Says Japan Emerged from North Coast" (p.6).
Hisashi Hayakawa (ddr-csujad-8-21)
doc Hisashi Hayakawa (ddr-csujad-8-21)
Oral history interview with Hisashi Hayakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hayakawa, Hisashi
Masuji and Kaneko Katano (ddr-csujad-8-27)
doc Masuji and Kaneko Katano (ddr-csujad-8-27)
Oral history interview with Masuji and Kaneko Katano. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Katano, Masuji and Kaneko
Harry Nomura (ddr-csujad-8-54)
doc Harry Nomura (ddr-csujad-8-54)
Oral history interview with Harry Nomura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nomura, Harry
Mr. and Mrs. Minoru Masumoto (ddr-csujad-8-36)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Minoru Masumoto (ddr-csujad-8-36)
Oral history interview with Minoru Masumoto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Masumoto, Mr and Mrs Minoru
Masataro and Kiri Kubo (ddr-csujad-8-30)
doc Masataro and Kiri Kubo (ddr-csujad-8-30)
Oral history interview with Masataro and kiri Kubo. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kubo, Masataro and Kiri
Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
doc Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
Oral history interview with Takano Okajima. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Okajima, Takano
Letter from Toshio Tamaoi [?] to Mrs. Seiichi Okine, December 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-254)
doc Letter from Toshio Tamaoi [?] to Mrs. Seiichi Okine, December 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-254)
A letter from Toshio Tamaoi in Itsukaichi, Hiroshima, Japan to his uncle, Seiichi Okine. The letter is mailed by Kenjiro Okine. In the letter, he thanks Seiichi for the gifts and laments about the high inflation in post-war Japan. He also asks about Kimie Tanimoto who recently left for the U.S. and includes updates on ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 11 (March 23, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 11 (March 23, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-11)
Select article titles: "An Address from JACL-LEC Legislative Strategy Chair"(p.1);"Asian Pacific Municipal Officials Caucus Holds Workshop on Black/Asian Relations"(p.1);"Sakura Grove Dedicated as Memorial to Walerga Assembly Center"(p.2); "70% Increase in Asian/Pacific People from 1980 to 1988 Due to Immigration"(p.3); "San Francisco's Boy Scout ...
An Oral History with Seiko Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-11)
av An Oral History with Seiko Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-11)
Retired Kibei teacher recounts samurai parents' background and their immigration to Seattle, Washington; socioeconomic composition of Seattle's Japanese community; earlier teacher training; prewar stays in Japan as a child and as a tutor in a missionary family; experiences as a teacher in the wartime resettlement in New York; and postwar return to Los Angeles. This ...
Alien Registration Act announcement (ddr-densho-385-2)
doc Alien Registration Act announcement (ddr-densho-385-2)
A handwritten copy of an order by the commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization. The handwritten order includes Japanese translations of certain English words. Fujio Morikawa kept a journal while incarcerated at Lordsburg U.S. Army internment camp. In his journal included translations of letters, news articles, and announcements; notes on English grammar and mathematics; essays on ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
"Alaska Cannery Contract Talks Start" (p. 1), "House Unit Halts Bills Preventing Alien Deportation" (p. 1), "Army Seeks More Nisei GI's to Aid Occupation of Japan" (p. 1), "Republican Majority Votes to Kill State FEPC Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
"House Committee Hears Masaoka's Plea" (p. 1), "Backs Quota for Asiatics" (p. 1) "Files Answer in Land Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 90 (October 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-152)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 90 (October 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-152)
"Naturalization Rights for Parents of All War Vets Urged by Legion" (p. 1), "ADC Asks Data On Work Bias" (p. 1)
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