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Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (302)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

302 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
"Report from Washington: Work, Accomplishments of ADC in Legislative, Educational Horizons in U.S. Presented" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 6),
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
"Maine Solon Gives Support to JACL Plan" (p. 1), "House Body Sifts Immigration Ruling" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 27 (April 11,1947) (ddr-densho-229-13)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 27 (April 11,1947) (ddr-densho-229-13)
"Presidio School Graduates 28, Smallest in History of MISLS" (p. 1), "MP's Return from Easter Holidays, Ponder Canada's Omnibus Bill" (p. 1) "Vets Open Tavern on Jackson St." (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 63 (August 6, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-230)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 63 (August 6, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-230)
"Local JACL Offers Assistance in Processing of Loss Claims" (p. 1), "Visitors to Nippon May Extend Stay 60 Days Under New Ruling" (p. 1), "Discrimination Hit by Rev. Briggs in Senate Hearing" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 105 (December 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-166)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 105 (December 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-166)
"Miller to Present Equality Bill" (p. 1), "Basketball Fans Await Start of Second All-Oriental Joust Opening on Thursday, Dec. 23" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 52 (July 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-39)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 52 (July 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-39)
"House Passes Evacuations Claims Legislation" (p. 1), "VFW Measure Urges Naturalization of Japanese "Gold Star' Parents" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 39 (May 5, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-107)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 39 (May 5, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-107)
"Two Earn Degrees at University; Pacific College Honors 4 Nisei" (p. 1), "Ishikawa Points Out Disabilities Facing "Ineligible' Peoples" (p. 5), "House Subcommittee Convenes in Executive Meet to Weigh Riders to Immigration Bills" (p. 6).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 81 (October 11, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-249)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 81 (October 11, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-249)
"Dual Citizens May Get Vested Property Back" (p. 1), "Story of 442nd Another Hollywood Step to Combat Racial, Religious Prejudice" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 51 (June 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-218)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 51 (June 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-218)
"Japanese Alien Granted Stay" (p. 1), "JACL (Victim of Greatest Violation) Asks Okay of Civil Rights Legislation" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 37 (May 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-25)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 37 (May 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-25)
"4700 Japanese in Area" (p. 1), "Permit Naturalization of Kin of War Heroes, Solon Asks" (p. 1) "What Claims Board Bill Says" (p. 2) "Nisei Pugilists Score Hit With Aloha Garb in Scotland" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
"Alaska Cannery Contract Talks Start" (p. 1), "House Unit Halts Bills Preventing Alien Deportation" (p. 1), "Army Seeks More Nisei GI's to Aid Occupation of Japan" (p. 1), "Republican Majority Votes to Kill State FEPC Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 50 (July 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-37)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 50 (July 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-37)
"Invite 11 Nations to Begin Talks for Early Japanese Peace Pact" (p. 1), "Probe Shoyu Sold on Shelves of Local Stores" (p. 1), "Truman Signs Thurn Bill" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
"Japan Pushes Tourist Plan for 1948, 1949" (p. 1), "Vancouver CLU Opposes Curbs Against Japanese Canadians" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 42 (May 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-110)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 42 (May 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-110)
"Community to Pay Respects to Northwest Nisei GI Dead at First Methodist, June 26" (p. 1), "Registration Measure Goes Before House" (p. 1), "Senate Sends Citizenship Bill Back to House for Rider Action" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 41 (May 12, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-109)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 41 (May 12, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-109)
"Paint the Town Clean" (p. 1), "JACL-ADC Hails U.S. Decision on Restrictive Covenants" (p. 1), "Ruling on Eisler Case to Affect U.S. Aliens Facing Deportation" (p. 1), "Final Word on "Citizens' Due July 29" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
"House Committee Hears Masaoka's Plea" (p. 1), "Backs Quota for Asiatics" (p. 1) "Files Answer in Land Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 5 (January 17, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-266)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 5 (January 17, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-266)
"G.I. Brides Act Priority, Masaoka Says" (p. 1), "210 Claims Adjudicated during 1950, Justice Department Reports to ADC" (p. 1), "Takagi Re-Elected JACL President" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 23 (March 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-190)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 23 (March 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-190)
"Franchise for B.C. Japanese Urged in Wismer Amendment" (p. 1), "Cites Hardships Due to Ruling" (p. 1), "Joint Rites Set for March 26 to Salute 7 Nisei War Dead; Services to be in Bukkyo-Kai" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 84 (October 21, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-250)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 84 (October 21, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-250)
"McCarran Subversive Bill Hits Hard at Anyone Linked with Red Units" (p. 1), "Nisei Yanks Mistaken for Foe, ADC Says" (p. 1), ""Pix' Taken by F. Schmoe to be Shown" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 77 (September 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-139)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 77 (September 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-139)
"Public Law 863 Helps Aliens to Change Residence Status" (p. 1), "Nisei Firm Wins Coal Contracts" (p. 1), "Cpl. Kokubu of Oregon to be Buried at Arlington Cemetery Thursday" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 69 (September 23, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-56)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 69 (September 23, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-56)
"France and U.S. Will Honor Nisei GI War Dead in Special Ceremony in Bruyeres on October 30" (p. 1), "Visit to Japan Not O.K. Yet, JACL Learns" (p. 1),"Final Briefs Completed for Alien Land Law Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
"House Immigration Unit Favors H.R. 3566, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1) "54 Nisei Leave for Alaska Canned Salmon Work" (p. 1), "Vote for Claims Board Measure, Rep. Twyman Tells Colleagues" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 30 (April 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-99)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 30 (April 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-99)
"Canada Curbs on Japanese to Continue" (p. 1), "House Gets Few More Measures to Aid 3 Japanese Aliens" (p. 1), "Judd Urges Quick Amendment on Naturalization Bills" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 33 (April 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-200)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 33 (April 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-200)
"Jackson St. Picks Fujii Man of Year" (p. 1), "Race Relations Institute to Sift New FEPC Measure April 29 and 30" (p. 1), "Extend Deadline" (p. 1).
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