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Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (285)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

285 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 17 (October 26, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 17 (October 26, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-43)
Selected article titles: "Nisei in Washington and Idaho Facing Their 'Moment of Truth' on Nov. 6" (p.1), "U.S. Supreme Court to Hear Schneider Case Testing I&N Act's Denaturalization Section" (p.1), "California Sued by Issei Widow Charging Alien Land Law Denied Right to Inheritance" (p.1-2), "Alien Land Law Claim Fight" (p.2), "Kennedy Signs No-Tax Claims Legislation" (p.3), ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 26 (June 29, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 26 (June 29, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-26)
Selected article titles: "Greeting Extended for 10th Anniversary of Enactment of Walter-McCarran Immigration and Nationality Act" (p.1), "Man Responsible for Evacuation of Japanese Dies" (p.1). "Anti-Nisei Scene from Canada Film Removed by JCCA" (p.1), "Legislative History of Walter-McCarran Act" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 14 (October 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 14 (October 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-40)
Selected article titles: "Legislators Understood Discriminatory Language of Law Barring Orientals Suffrage Rights, Job Now with Voters" (p.1, 4), "Idaho SJR 1: Questions and Answers" (p.1, 4), "For Equality for Naturalized Citizens" (p.1-2), "Issei Virtues Extoled in Okura Tribute: (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No.1 (July 6, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No.1 (July 6, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-27)
Selected article titles: "Congressman Walter Announces Policy Study on Immigration" (p.1, 4), "'Popularity' of Honolulu's Japanese Community Leadership Regarded as Grim Political Factor in Inouye's Senate Race" (p.1, 3), "History Project Support Hits Minimum Goal, Now $109,000" (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 12 (September 21, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 12 (September 21, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-38)
Selected article titles: "Hart Immigration Bill" (p.1-2), "Washington Repeal Campaign on SJR 21 Moves into High" (p.1-2), "1889 Land Law 'Lies about Like a Loaded Weapon'" (p.1), "Japanese American Community Leaders First to Be Summoned in New Series of Conferences with Seattle Mayor in New Hall" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 13 (March 31, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 13 (March 31, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-13)
Selected article titles: "Bill Proposing Japan Quota of 5,300 Introduced" (p.1), "JACLers at FCC Hearings Deplore Showing of Anti-Nisei Films" (p.1), "Chuman Admitted to Practice Before U.S. Supreme Court" (p.1), "Introducing a Nisei 'Dunker': Sim Togasaki" (p.2), "Chicago Issei Story Committee Nucleus Formed of 7 Past and Current Presidents" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 19 (November 8, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 19 (November 8, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-45)
Selected article titles: "JACL Pledges Effort to Push for Stronger Civil Rights Bill" (p. 1), "Washington Newsletter: Compromise Civil Rights Bill" (p. 2), "Congressional Hearings for Braceros Urged" (p. 3), and "Seattle Mayor Urges Negroes to Call Off Vote Boycott Plans" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 17 (October 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 17 (October 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-43)
Selected article titles: "Problems Facing Farmers Dependent upon 'Braceros' Detailed, Many Seem Resigned Program Will Continue for a Year More" (pp. 1-2), "Washington Newsletter: Civil Rights Battle" (p. 2), and "U.S. Gov't Will Pay for Property Claims Rising Out of Bombing on Pearl Harbor" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 4 (January 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 4 (January 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-4)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: Lest We Forget: 442nd RCT Formed 20 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Berkeley City Council Passes Tough Ordinance Prohibiting Bias in Housing, Each Day of Bias Considered as Separate Offense" (p. 1), "Spark M. Matsunaga" (p. 2), and "Congressman Matsunaga Urges Nisei to Take on Full-Fledged Citizenship" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 13 (September 27, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 13 (September 27, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-39)
Selected article titles: "'Weak' Textbooks Charge Recalls Anti-Nisei Passages" (p. 1), "Atomic Bomb Casualty in Hiroshima Said to Have Been Exaggerated by Washington" (p. 1), and "'American Citizenship - Showcase for Freedom'" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 6 (August 7, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 6 (August 7, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-32)
Selected article titles: "Negro Mayor of Richmond to Address NC-WNDC" (p.1), "Clers Get Answers Refuting Charges against Prop. 14" (p.1, 4), "30 pct. Of Eligible Nisei Registered as Voters in San Francisco County" (p.1), "Impact of HR 7700 on Labor Market Said Insignificant" (p.1), "Calif. Eager to Hire Language Class Teachers" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 25 (June 19, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 25 (June 19, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-25)
Selected article titles: "President Johnson May Sign Civil Rights Omnibus July 4" (p.1-2), "JACL Convention to Fete Ben Kuroki for Aiding Evacuees" (p.1), "PSWDC Proposals to Defeat Housing Initiative Bared" (p.1), "Denaturalized Issei Overstaying Abroad Asked to Reapply" (p.1), "Questions of Youth Assembly" (p.2), "Canada Not Proud of Wartime Treatement of Evacuees: Pearson" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 5 (July 31, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 5 (July 31, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-31)
Selected article titles: "Kido's 36-Year Leadership in JACL Commemorated" (p.1, 4), "Naturalized Citizen Wife of Serviceman in Hawaii Denied Voter Registration" (p.1), "Defeat of Prop. 14 Principle Agenda Item for NC-WNDC" (p.1), "Nisei Teacher Pilots Training Class Among Youngsters in N.Y.'s Harlem" (p.1), "Immigration Legislation" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 1 (January 3, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 1 (January 3, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-1)
Selected article titles: "West L.A. JACL Concludes First Year Under Woman Presidebt" (p.1), "Senate Subcommittee to Consider Two Proposals for Changes in Immigration Law" (p.1), "Los Angeles Slated for Study Project of Area Redevelopment Administration" (p.1), "1963 in Retrospect" (p.2), "Kawakita Returns to Japan, Grateful to President Kennedy for Release Order" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 21 (May 22, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 21 (May 22, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-21)
Selected article titles: "Realtor against Initiative Addresses PSWDC, Explains Cal. Fair Housing" (p.1, 4), "100th Infantry Regains Old Name" (p.1), "Naturalized Issei Permanently Residing in Japan Aided by Rule" (p.1), "Community Affairs Seminar to Be Organized" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 7 (February 14, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 7 (February 14, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-7)
Selected article titles: "Major Medical Plan Offered to PSW JACLers" (p.1, 3), "House Passes Civil Rights Bill Virtually Intact, 290-130" (p.1-2), "JACL's Job to Impress the Young" (p.1), "JACL to Honor Men for Repealing Neb. Miscegenation Law" (p.1), "Opposition Mounts against Initiative to Kill Fair Housing" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 17 (April 24, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 17 (April 24, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-17)
Selected article titles: "'Pointless' Tactics of Concern to Civil Rights Proponents" (p.1-2), "Buddhists Rights Not Affected by Atheist Amendment" (p.1), "Canada to Revise Immigration Policy" (p.1), "Notice to Claimants of Yen Certificates" (p.2), "Carnegie Grant to Japanese History Project Draws Mexican American Comment" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 22 (November 27, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 22 (November 27, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-48)
Selected article titles: "Hospital Money Plan Endorsed by Chicago JACL for Members; Enrollment Period Underway, Seek 250 Acceptable Applications" (p.1), "Hawaii GI Vote Issue Placed before U.S. Supreme Court" (p.1), "Warn against Racial Stereotypes in Books" (p.1), "Prop. 14 Called Part of Nation-Wide Plan to Roll Back Social Progress of Past Years" (p.1), "Issei History Seen ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 4 (January 24, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 4 (January 24, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-4)
Selected article titles: "History Project Calls for Issei List, Documents" (p.1-2), "U.S. Immigration Policy Free of Racial Quotas Sought" (p.1), "Injunction to Halt Fair Housing Act Initiative to Repeal Denied in Court" (p.1, 3), "Immigration Policy and JACL" (p.2), "Puyallup Contributes $100 to Housing Fight" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 8 (August 20, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 8 (August 20, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-34)
Selected article titles: "Los Angeles Riot Heaps Nisei Business with $1 Million Loss" (p.1), "Orange County Nisei Protest Filming of Nisei Traitor Story" (p.1, 3), "Agenda for Youth Delegates Announced" (p.1), "House Immigration Bill" (p.2), "History Project: Issei Innkeepers of Seattle" (p.3, 5), "Nisei Progress in Brazil Recorded" (p.3), "Open Housing Resolution Ok'd by Seattle JACL" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 22 (May 28, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 22 (May 28, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-22)
Selected article titles: "History Project: Nisei Homesteads near Heart Mountain" (p.1), "Calif. FEPC Budget Slashed, Housing Program in Danger" (p.1), "Author Michener says 'Hawaii Way Ahead' in Civil Rights Fight, Might Return to Isles" (p.1), "Immigration Bill Timetable" (p.2), "Utah Opens Own Rights Commission" (p.3), "'Myakawa Rd.' in Houston Linked to Ill-Fated Rice-Growing PRoject Originator in ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 14 (October 1, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 14 (October 1, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-40)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Civil Rights Agencies Target of Streamlining" (p.1), "Sen. Kuchel Praises Nisei in California during Debate on Immigration Bill, Enters JACL Letter in Congressional Record(p.1, 5), "Week-Long Debate in Senate Deletes Racism in Immigration" (p.1, 3), "200 Naturalized Issei Celebrate Decade of Citizenship at Downtwon L.A. JACL Fete" (p.1), "Senate Immigration Bill" (p.2), ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 26 (December 24-31, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-52)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 26 (December 24-31, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-52)
Selected article titles: "For Equality In and Under the Law" (p.A1, A3), "Immigration: Abolish Quota System over Five-Year Period" (p.A5-A6), "Japanese Resent Stigma of 1924 Exclusion Act" (p.A8, A10), "Dr. Steve Abe: Psychologist Compares Nisei-Sansei Teenage Relationship" (p.B3-B5, B23), "The Enemy at Guadlcanal" (p.B6, B10, B18), "The Road through the Pasture"(p.B20).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 15 (October 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 15 (October 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-41)
Selected article titles: "President Signs Immigration Act Repealing Asian Quotas" (p.1, 3), "CREA Lauded by Commissioner Gordon for Effortts to Fight Housing Discrimination" (p.1), "Final Evacuation Claim Approved by U.S. Court of Claims" (p.1), "PNWDC Prepping for Third Try at Land Law Repeal" (p.1, 4), "History Project: "Contributions of Pacific Northwest Issei" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 13 (September 24, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 13 (September 24, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-39)
Selected article titles: "Issei-Nisei Success Stories in Midwest-East Recollected" (p.1, 4), "So. Calif. JACLers Implement Civil Rights at Grass-Root Level" (p.1-2), "Senate Passes Immigration Bill 76-18" (p.1), "Senate Immigration Bill" (p.2).
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