Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (285)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

285 items
Five Japanese in Sebastopol (ddr-csujad-22-1)
doc Five Japanese in Sebastopol (ddr-csujad-22-1)
Essay written in December 1975 for Dr. Hector Lee's American Folklore class. Researcher interviewed five Japanese Americans: Mr. Kiyoshi Akutagawa, born in 1898; Mr. Hiroshi Taniguchi, born in 1898; Mr. Kichizo Morita, born in 1902; Mr. Y. Ito, born in 1905 and Mr. George Okamoto, born in 1919. This object does not include the paper in ...
An Oral History with Margaret Masuoka (ddr-csujad-29-25)
av An Oral History with Margaret Masuoka (ddr-csujad-29-25)
An interview with Margaret Masuoka, a volunteer at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM), conducted for the Japanese American Project at California State Fullerton's Center for Oral and Public History. Specifically, this interview provides insight to Masuoka's personal history dealing with the prejudice that she and her family faced due their Japanese ancestry; her family's settlement ...
An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
av An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
Reflections of an elderly Orange County, California couple on their experiences in America. He recounts his years as an immigrant; she discusses her family background, makeup of Japanese-American community, and rural living. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton; interview conducted by Pat Morgan. ...
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta (ddr-csujad-29-55)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta (ddr-csujad-29-55)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart ...
English translation of: The Imperial Japanese Government Passport for Moritaro Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-7)
doc English translation of: The Imperial Japanese Government Passport for Moritaro Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-7)
A passport for Moritaro Ishida issued on March 23, 1916. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1339_M01_02
An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
av An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
A Sansei and conscientious objector to the Vietnam war discusses alternate service as partner in Amerasia Bookstore, a nonprofit organization serving Los Angeles's Little Tokyo; activities in Young Buddhist Association; parent's reaction to his current life-style; and long term effect of World War II incarceration. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese Oral History Project ...
Masuji and Kaneko Katano (ddr-csujad-8-27)
doc Masuji and Kaneko Katano (ddr-csujad-8-27)
Oral history interview with Masuji and Kaneko Katano. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Katano, Masuji and Kaneko
Hisashi Hayakawa (ddr-csujad-8-21)
doc Hisashi Hayakawa (ddr-csujad-8-21)
Oral history interview with Hisashi Hayakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hayakawa, Hisashi
Harry Nomura (ddr-csujad-8-54)
doc Harry Nomura (ddr-csujad-8-54)
Oral history interview with Harry Nomura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nomura, Harry
Gen Goto (ddr-csujad-8-15)
doc Gen Goto (ddr-csujad-8-15)
Oral history interview with Gen Goto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Goto, Gen
Shigeo Hirahara (ddr-csujad-8-86)
doc Shigeo Hirahara (ddr-csujad-8-86)
Oral history interview with Shigeo Hirahara. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hirahara, Shigeo
Hiroshi Mayeda (ddr-csujad-8-40)
doc Hiroshi Mayeda (ddr-csujad-8-40)
Oral history interview with Hiroshi Mayeda [Maeda]. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Mayeda, Hiroshi
Mrs. Shinobu Mikami (ddr-csujad-8-41)
doc Mrs. Shinobu Mikami (ddr-csujad-8-41)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Shinobu Mikami. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Mikami, Mrs Shinobu
Imano Hatakeda (ddr-csujad-8-19)
doc Imano Hatakeda (ddr-csujad-8-19)
Oral history interview with Imano Hatakeda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hatakeda, Imano
Masataro and Kiri Kubo (ddr-csujad-8-30)
doc Masataro and Kiri Kubo (ddr-csujad-8-30)
Oral history interview with Masataro and kiri Kubo. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kubo, Masataro and Kiri
Mr. and Mrs. Minoru Masumoto (ddr-csujad-8-36)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Minoru Masumoto (ddr-csujad-8-36)
Oral history interview with Minoru Masumoto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Masumoto, Mr and Mrs Minoru
Tomiko Kuwamoto (ddr-csujad-8-35)
doc Tomiko Kuwamoto (ddr-csujad-8-35)
Oral history interview with Tomiko Kuwamoto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kuwamoto, Tomiko
Attached answers to affidavit questions (ddr-csujad-12-27)
doc Attached answers to affidavit questions (ddr-csujad-12-27)
This item contains the more in-depth answers to questions on the affidavit that Tsugitada Kanamori submitted. In these extended answers to questions about Kanamori's repatriation to Japan and his refusal to pledge allegiance to the United States, he discusses his fear of violence and desire to keep his family together which resulted in his answering of ...
Copy of census register [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-22)
doc Copy of census register [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-22)
English translation of the census information for Tsugitada Kanamori. The original document in Japanese is found in item: csudh_tsu_0023. It includes information about his birth date of September 7, 1922, his birth place, the city of Port Hueneme in Oxnard just north of Los Angeles, as well as information about the marriage to his wife, Kazuko ...
Certificate of residence [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-8)
doc Certificate of residence [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-8)
A certified copy of resident register issued by Kawanishi Haruumi, Mayor of Yokohama City Naka Ward on August 21, 1959. It records Tsugitada Kanamori and Kazuko Kanamori's present address, permanent domicile, dates of birth, family relationship, dates of becoming resident of Yokohama City Naka Ward. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization ...
Minority Groups in Hawaii (ddr-csujad-19-48)
doc Minority Groups in Hawaii (ddr-csujad-19-48)
This article from "Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science," published in September 1942, by William C. Smith describes about the minority groups in Hawaii, the labor problems and immigration. It also describes in brief about the race relations in Hawaii. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Treatment of Japanese in America; Churches and Enemy Aliens; Japanese- Americans to be resettled (ddr-csujad-19-75)
doc Treatment of Japanese in America; Churches and Enemy Aliens; Japanese- Americans to be resettled (ddr-csujad-19-75)
Contains three articles from "Federal Council bulletin," published in vol. 25, no. 1 (January 1942), no. 3 (March 1942), and no. 8 (October 1943). Titles include "Treatment of Japanese in America," "Churches and Enemy Aliens," and "Japanese- Americans to be resettled." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: WRA_02-24_01
Restricted Citizen (ddr-csujad-19-47)
doc Restricted Citizen (ddr-csujad-19-47)
This article, "The Restricted Citizen," from "Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science," by Everett V. Stonequist discusses the difference between democratic constitutional theory and democratic social practice in the treatment of minorities. The article also describes the social structure of the United States and the early process of migration to America. See ...
On Tolerance, newspaper editorial, The Press Democrat, May 27, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-15)
doc On Tolerance, newspaper editorial, The Press Democrat, May 27, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-15)
Newspaper editorial dated May 27, 1942, on Sonoma County, California's Japanese evacuation and incarceration. Author offers stance of tolerance and "true democracy." Author is anonymously named "Miss Nineteen." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: lp041-01-004
The Imperial Japanese Government Passport for Moritaro Ishida, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-29-6)
doc The Imperial Japanese Government Passport for Moritaro Ishida, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-29-6)
A passport for Moritaro Ishida issued on April 8, 1916. Registered by Consulate General of Japan in Seattle on June 21, 1923. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1339_M01_01
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