Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (318)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

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318 items
Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 40 (March 4, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-14)
doc Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 40 (March 4, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-14)
Selected article titles: "House Pass Naturalization Bill" (p.1), "Bill Proposed Allowing Interned Aliens to Claim Property Loss" (p.1), "Raw Silk, Oysters Shipped from Japan" (p.2), "Nisei Strandees' Case Set for Trial March 6, May 10" (p.3).
Name check for Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-137)
doc Name check for Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-137)
A history of Takami Hibiya's family, education, employment, and community activities.
Registration Officer's Certificate (ddr-densho-383-528)
doc Registration Officer's Certificate (ddr-densho-383-528)
Certifying that George Tokuda is registered to vote in his home precinct while in Camp Harmony
Alien Registration Act announcement (ddr-densho-385-2)
doc Alien Registration Act announcement (ddr-densho-385-2)
A handwritten copy of an order by the commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization. The handwritten order includes Japanese translations of certain English words. Fujio Morikawa kept a journal while incarcerated at Lordsburg U.S. Army internment camp. In his journal included translations of letters, news articles, and announcements; notes on English grammar and mathematics; essays on different …
Letter to the mayor of Kumamoto about a lost passport (ddr-densho-390-26)
doc Letter to the mayor of Kumamoto about a lost passport (ddr-densho-390-26)
A letter to Aikoji Kawaguchi, Mayor of Kumamoto, about a lost passport.
Juyo Matsuoka's alien registration card (ddr-densho-390-3)
doc Juyo Matsuoka's alien registration card (ddr-densho-390-3)
Juyo's alien registration card with receipt attached to the inside cover.
Notification of appointment date (ddr-densho-278-9)
doc Notification of appointment date (ddr-densho-278-9)
Appointment notice for Henry Watanabe to return to the United States from Japan.
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
"House Immigration Unit Favors H.R. 3566, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1) "54 Nisei Leave for Alaska Canned Salmon Work" (p. 1), "Vote for Claims Board Measure, Rep. Twyman Tells Colleagues" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 30 (April 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-99)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 30 (April 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-99)
"Canada Curbs on Japanese to Continue" (p. 1), "House Gets Few More Measures to Aid 3 Japanese Aliens" (p. 1), "Judd Urges Quick Amendment on Naturalization Bills" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 33 (April 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-200)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 33 (April 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-200)
"Jackson St. Picks Fujii Man of Year" (p. 1), "Race Relations Institute to Sift New FEPC Measure April 29 and 30" (p. 1), "Extend Deadline" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 7 (January 24, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-4)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 7 (January 24, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-4)
"Finch Starts Drive to Aid Hawaii GI's" (p. 1),"Urges Improvement of "Blighted' Areas" (p. 1), "L.A. Council Hits Land Law Section" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 78 (September 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-140)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 78 (September 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-140)
"Evangelical, Reformed Church Supports End of Racial Bias in Present Immigration Laws" (p. 1), "Laws Favoring Japanese OK'd" (p. 1),
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