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Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (315)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations


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315 items
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 22 (June 6, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 22 (June 6, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-22)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Will Receive College Diploma--44 Years Later" (pp. 1, 8), "Governor Seeking Support for Redress" (p. 1), "Camp Memorial to Be Dedicated" (p. 2), and "Program to Provide Help for Mail-Order, Servicemen's Wives" (pp. 3, 5).
Topaz Camp (ddr-densho-357-763)
img Topaz Camp (ddr-densho-357-763)
Two unnamed women stand on their front steps with two children between them in the camp in Topaz, Utah.
B. Nakamura birth certificate (ddr-csujad-55-2566)
doc B. Nakamura birth certificate (ddr-csujad-55-2566)
Official document stating B. Nokamura was born in Japan. He is a resident of State of California. He married Ita Mignasaki, at Marysville, County of Yuba. They had one male child named Hidao [Hideo] Nokamura (picture is enclosed). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2678
Notarization from Eugene H. Dooman, Consul of the United States of America at Kobe, Japan (ddr-csujad-55-2013)
doc Notarization from Eugene H. Dooman, Consul of the United States of America at Kobe, Japan (ddr-csujad-55-2013)
Notarization from Eugene H. Dooman, Consul of the United States of America at Kobe, Japan. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2116
Notice to appear for filing petition (appointment letter) (ddr-csujad-55-2610)
doc Notice to appear for filing petition (appointment letter) (ddr-csujad-55-2610)
The notice to appear for filing petition (appointment letter) is addressed to Fusa Kawanishi. The letter states that Fusa Kawanishi must prove his residence and character by the testimony of United States citizen witnesses who have known him for all of the statutory period. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Letter from Toshio Tamaoi [?] to Mrs. Seiichi Okine, December 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-254)
doc Letter from Toshio Tamaoi [?] to Mrs. Seiichi Okine, December 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-254)
A letter from Toshio Tamaoi in Itsukaichi, Hiroshima, Japan to his uncle, Seiichi Okine. The letter is mailed by Kenjiro Okine. In the letter, he thanks Seiichi for the gifts and laments about the high inflation in post-war Japan. He also asks about Kimie Tanimoto who recently left for the U.S. and includes updates on his …
Toru Naito (ddr-csujad-8-47)
doc Toru Naito (ddr-csujad-8-47)
Oral history interview with Toru Naito. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Naito, Toru
Harry Sakae Watanabe (ddr-csujad-8-83)
doc Harry Sakae Watanabe (ddr-csujad-8-83)
A statement by Sakae Watanabe. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Watanabe, Harry Sakae
Shizuka Dobashi (ddr-csujad-8-8)
doc Shizuka Dobashi (ddr-csujad-8-8)
Oral history interview with Shizuka Dobashi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Dobashi, Shinzuka
Mr. and Mrs. Torazo Ouchi (ddr-csujad-8-60)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Torazo Ouchi (ddr-csujad-8-60)
Oral history interview with Torazo and Hanako Ouchi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ouchi, Mr and Mrs Torazo
Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
doc Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
Oral history interview with Masao Araki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Araki, Masao
Mrs. Michiko Kataoka Neishi (ddr-csujad-8-52)
doc Mrs. Michiko Kataoka Neishi (ddr-csujad-8-52)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Michiko Kataoka Neishi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Neishi, Mrs Michiko Kataoka
Hisashi Hayakawa (ddr-csujad-8-21)
doc Hisashi Hayakawa (ddr-csujad-8-21)
Oral history interview with Hisashi Hayakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hayakawa, Hisashi
Masuji and Kaneko Katano (ddr-csujad-8-27)
doc Masuji and Kaneko Katano (ddr-csujad-8-27)
Oral history interview with Masuji and Kaneko Katano. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Katano, Masuji and Kaneko
Harry Nomura (ddr-csujad-8-54)
doc Harry Nomura (ddr-csujad-8-54)
Oral history interview with Harry Nomura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nomura, Harry
Buntaro Aoki (ddr-csujad-8-3)
doc Buntaro Aoki (ddr-csujad-8-3)
Oral history interview with Buntaro Aoki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Aoki, Buntaro
Harumi Hoshiko (ddr-csujad-8-24)
doc Harumi Hoshiko (ddr-csujad-8-24)
Oral history interview with Harumi Hoshiko. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hoshiko, Harumi
Gen Goto (ddr-csujad-8-15)
doc Gen Goto (ddr-csujad-8-15)
Oral history interview with Gen Goto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Goto, Gen
Shigeo Hirahara (ddr-csujad-8-86)
doc Shigeo Hirahara (ddr-csujad-8-86)
Oral history interview with Shigeo Hirahara. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hirahara, Shigeo
Masanojo Oku (ddr-csujad-8-58)
doc Masanojo Oku (ddr-csujad-8-58)
Oral history interview with Masanojo Oku. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Oku, Masanojo
Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
doc Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa (ddr-csujad-8-34)
Oral history interview with Heiji and Chiyoko Kurakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kurakawa, Heiji and Chiyoko
Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
doc Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
Oral history interview with Johnny and Yo Niizawa. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NIIZAWA_JOHNNY_AND_YO
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