Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

Draft resistance (236)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

236 items
Letter from James Albert
doc Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Kida family (ddr-one-3-69)
Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Kay, George and Kida (Kenjiro Kida) dated February 6, 1944. Al writes that Mrs. Sidney Miller and Sadie McCoy wanted to get Sarah "Sade" Pyatt out of the hospital and send her to live with the Kida family in Eastern Oregon. Al told them that George was going into ...
Letter from James Albert
doc Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to George Kida (ddr-one-3-39)
Letter and envelope addressed to George Kida in Nyssa, Oregon, from James Albert "Al" Johnson. Letter dated February 23, 1943, envelope postmarked February 25, 1943. James Albert "Al" Johnson brought a letter from George to a banker (Mr. Barton) in regards to the possibility of a loan for George. He believes that the loan is a ...
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 22 (July 27, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-28)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 22 (July 27, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-28)
Selected article titles: "Status Unchanged as Hunger Strike Enters Ninth Day" (p. 1), "27 Freed; Due Process of Law Not Accorded--Judge" (pp. 1-2), "Obon Cancelled; Rites Held for Deceased Heroes" (p. 3), and "Bi-Ovum Babies Boost Births" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-50)
Special holiday issue organized into sections A 1-32, B 1-64, and A 33-64. Selected article titles: "As Others See Us: An Overview" (pp. A-4, A-13, A-20), "The Dilemma of the 'Model Minority' Image" (p. A-14), "Minoru Yasui, 1916-1986: In Remembrance" (pp. B-1-B-2), "The Nisei of the 1800 Engineer General Service Battalion: An Untold Story" (pp. B-39-B-40 ...
Frank Emi Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1002-9-12)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1002-9-12)
The resisters' story: experiences in jail, the trial of sixty-three

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1002-9-16)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1002-9-16)
Not feeling too affected by resister status later in life

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1002-6-7)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1002-6-7)
Description of trial: convicted and sentenced to three years in prison

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories ...

Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-9-6)
vh Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-9-6)
Discussion of what made the Heart Mountain resistance different from other camps

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Clifford Uyeda Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-19-7)
vh Clifford Uyeda Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-19-7)
Thoughts on the treatment of the draft resisters by the JACL, Japanese American community, and Nisei veterans

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are ...

Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-9-3)
vh Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-9-3)
Making the decision to resist the draft

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding ...

Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-9-7)
vh Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-9-7)
Being picked up by the FBI for draft resistance

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-122-10-1)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-122-10-1)
Memories of draft resistance trial

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding the resistance ...

Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-122-8-1)
vh Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-122-8-1)
Discussion of strategies upon going on trial for draft resistance

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Roger Daniels Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-25-3)
vh Roger Daniels Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-25-3)
The ramifications of the resistance movement on later American history

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

James Omura Interview I Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-4-6)
vh James Omura Interview I Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-4-6)
As editor of the Rocky Shimpo, writing editorials supporting the Heart Mountain resisters

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 20 (ddr-densho-122-20-20)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 20 (ddr-densho-122-20-20)
Learning that conviction had been reversed: "it was a very happy occasion"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Bill Hosokawa Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-26-5)
vh Bill Hosokawa Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-26-5)
Belief that the actions of the World War II draft resisters "endangered a lot of other people"
Kats Kunitsugu - Paul Tsuneishi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-122-17-2)
vh Kats Kunitsugu - Paul Tsuneishi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-122-17-2)
The atmosphere in which individuals decided to resist the draft

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-122-20-12)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-122-20-12)
Discussion of the bulletins issues by the Fair Play Committee and "the one line that got us indicted"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-20-18)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-20-18)
Serving time in the Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding ...

Art Hansen Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-122-23-25)
vh Art Hansen Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-122-23-25)
The emergence of the resisters' story

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding the ...

Frank Emi Interview I Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-5-8)
vh Frank Emi Interview I Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-5-8)
Activities as leader of the Fair Play Committee: distributing bulletins, holding meetings

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

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