Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

Draft resistance (239)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

239 items
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 22 (July 27, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-28)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 22 (July 27, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-28)
Selected article titles: "Status Unchanged as Hunger Strike Enters Ninth Day" (p. 1), "27 Freed; Due Process of Law Not Accorded--Judge" (pp. 1-2), "Obon Cancelled; Rites Held for Deceased Heroes" (p. 3), and "Bi-Ovum Babies Boost Births" (p. 4).
Frank Emi Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1002-9-12)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1002-9-12)
The resisters' story: experiences in jail, the trial of sixty-three
Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1002-6-7)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1002-6-7)
Description of trial: convicted and sentenced to three years in prison
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-50)
Special holiday issue organized into sections A 1-32, B 1-64, and A 33-64. Selected article titles: "As Others See Us: An Overview" (pp. A-4, A-13, A-20), "The Dilemma of the 'Model Minority' Image" (p. A-14), "Minoru Yasui, 1916-1986: In Remembrance" (pp. B-1-B-2), "The Nisei of the 1800 Engineer General Service Battalion: An Untold Story" (pp. B-39-B-40 ...
George Hanada Interview Segment 8 (ddr-jamsj-2-5-8)
vh George Hanada Interview Segment 8 (ddr-jamsj-2-5-8)
Thoughts on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" and draft resisters

This interview was conducted by the Japanese American Museum of San Jose, and is part of a project entitled "Lasting Stories: The Resettlement of San Jose Japantown," a collaborative project between the Japanese American Museum of San Jose and Densho.

Letter from James Albert
doc Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Kida family (ddr-one-3-69)
Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Kay, George and Kida (Kenjiro Kida) dated February 6, 1944. Al writes that Mrs. Sidney Miller and Sadie McCoy wanted to get Sarah "Sade" Pyatt out of the hospital and send her to live with the Kida family in Eastern Oregon. Al told them that George was going into ...
Letter from James Albert
doc Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to George Kida (ddr-one-3-39)
Letter and envelope addressed to George Kida in Nyssa, Oregon, from James Albert "Al" Johnson. Letter dated February 23, 1943, envelope postmarked February 25, 1943. James Albert "Al" Johnson brought a letter from George to a banker (Mr. Barton) in regards to the possibility of a loan for George. He believes that the loan is a ...
Akio Hoshino Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-26-11)
vh Akio Hoshino Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-26-11)
A unique Japanese American attitude regarding one's time in county jail for resisting the draft
Akio Hoshino Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-26-10)
vh Akio Hoshino Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-26-10)
Discussion of so-called "loyalty questions" and the decision to resist the draft
Akio Hoshino Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-26-12)
vh Akio Hoshino Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-26-12)
Description of McNeil Island Penitentiary, Washington; imprisoned for resisting the draft
Jim Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-2-25)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-2-25)
A growing anger over conditions in camp plants seeds of resistance

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-2-36)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-2-36)
Seeking advice on fighting the draft from Min Yasui

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-2-29)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-2-29)
Personal response to the so-called "loyalty questions"

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Gene Akutsu Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-1-17)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-1-17)
Awaiting trial for resisting the draft in county jail: physical deterioration and poor living conditions
Gene Akutsu Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-1-16)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-1-16)
Court appointed lawyer says, "You're on your own, boy"
Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-107-28)
vh Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-107-28)
Feelings upon being sentenced to prison for draft resistance: "it was a nightmare"
Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-130-16)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-130-16)
Feeling shocked and hurt upon hearing "guilty" verdict in draft resistance trial, sentenced to three years in prison
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