Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

World War II (34)
Resistance and dissidence (10)
Draft resistance (235)
Fair Play Committee (22)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

235 items
Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1002-11-22)
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Arrested and put in jail along with the Heart Mountain resisters

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories ...

Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1002-11-20)
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Becoming the editor of the Rocky Shimpo newspaper in 1944, publishing an editorial in support of the Fair Play Committee in Heart Mountain

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1002-9-20)
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Reflections: pardoned in 1947; thoughts on the American justice system
Frank Emi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1002-9-19)
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Meeting some "interesting characters" while spending time in jail
Frank Emi Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1002-9-10)
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Sending press releases and news bulletins to newspapers outside of camp
Eiichi Edward Sakauye Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1005-3-16)
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Thoughts on the draft resistance issue and Ben Kuroki's visit to Heart Mountain
Jim Akutsu Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-2-38)
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Suspecting the camp administration of tampering with draft notice

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 44 (ddr-densho-1000-2-44)
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Keeping occupied in the McNeil Island Penitentiary

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Sam Horino Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-6-10)
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Memories of trial: "the decision was incorrect"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding ...

Jim Akutsu Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-122-12-14)
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Younger brother's experience also as a draft resister

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-122-20-17)
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Receiving a "guilty" verdict and filing an appeal

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 22 (ddr-densho-122-20-22)
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Reflections on decision to resist the draft: "the injustice of the whole thing was so great, unfair"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 15 (ddr-densho-122-20-15)
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Arrest by the FBI, leaving family and being taken to jail

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 11 (ddr-densho-122-20-11)
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Description of the purpose of the Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

Fred Hirasuna Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-122-29-1)
vh Fred Hirasuna Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-122-29-1)
Opinion of the Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-10-9)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-10-9)
Thoughts on the relationship between resisters and veterans

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Gene Akutsu Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-1-14)
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Impact on family: father's separate detention in DOJ facilities and draft resistance by self and brother
Gene Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-1-25)
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Starting over after release from McNeil Island Penitentiary, telling children about resistance decisions
Gene Akutsu Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-1-31)
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Everyday life at McNeil Island Penitentiary after resisting the draft
Gene Akutsu Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-1-21)
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Reaction of the Japanese American community towards draft resisters
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