Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

Draft resistance (238)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

238 items
Gene Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-1-29)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-1-29)
Attitude towards those who volunteered for enlistment in the military
Gene Akutsu Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-1-18)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-1-18)
Memories of trial for draft resistance: a mockery of justice
Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-130-13)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-130-13)
Learning about the Fair Play Committee at Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming
Joe Yamakido Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-167-9)
vh Joe Yamakido Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-167-9)
Arrested for failing to report for army induction physical; sentenced to three years in prison
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-106-15)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-106-15)
Making the decision to resist the draft, "I can't vote, I can't register, and they want me to join the army"
Gene Akutsu Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-1-24)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-1-24)
Impact of draft resistance on family: harsh response from Japanese American community contributes to Mother's suicide
Jim Akutsu Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-2-37)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-2-37)
Unsolicited advice against fighting the draft, the WRA and Clarence Arai

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-428-11)
vh Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-428-11)
Daily life in the country jail

This interview is incomplete. It ends after the first hour of taping, when Mr. Yoshida is describing serving time at the road camp for resisting the draft. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and ...

Takashi Hoshizaki Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-290-22)
vh Takashi Hoshizaki Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-290-22)
Answering the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" and deciding to resist the draft

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-165-17)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-165-17)
Witnessing tension and conflict between "yes-yeses" and "no-nos" in Tule Lake
Paul Nagano Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-65-8)
vh Paul Nagano Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-65-8)
Christian faith and social justice: dealing with so-called "loyalty questionnaire," and military service
Letter from James Albert
doc Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-71)
Letter and envelope from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Miyuki "Kay" Kida in Nyssa, Oregon, dated February 9, 1944. Reassures Kay that George will not be drafted if he is "a little lame" when he visits the doctor. Advises Kay to go ahead with George's plan for early potatoes and perhaps late potatoes too. Sympathizes ...
Letter from James Albert
doc Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-40)
Letter to Miyuki "Kay" Kida from James Albert "Al" Johnson dated February 25, 1943. Mentions George's deal again (discussed in letter to George). He also says that he does not think George will be drafted once he starts to farm. Tells Kay what George needs to do to avoid the draft. Letter sent with ddr-one-3-39 ...
Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-22-18)
vh Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-22-18)
Reaction of the Japanese American community to the Heart Mountain resisters

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1002-9-14)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1002-9-14)
An act of defiance: threatening to walk out of camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-9-8)
vh Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-9-8)
Response to JACL's name-calling: "it made me feel kind of betrayed"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Clifford Uyeda Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-19-9)
vh Clifford Uyeda Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-19-9)
Surprise upon learning about the resistance movement: "it was good news to me"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories ...

Sam Horino Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-122-6-11)
vh Sam Horino Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-122-6-11)
Memories of Leavenworth prison: no regrets

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding the ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-10-7)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-10-7)
Hearing the guilty verdict in draft resistance trial, feeling disappointed

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Art Emi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-122-7-2)
vh Art Emi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-122-7-2)
Description in role of helping the Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-10-4)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-10-4)
Deciding to join the Fair Play Committee; thoughts on the JACL's wartime stance

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life ...

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