Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (69)
Draft resistance (345)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

345 items
Clipping from Wyoming Eagle (ddr-densho-122-793)
doc Clipping from Wyoming Eagle (ddr-densho-122-793)
Continuation of article (first part missing): 2 Defendants in Jap Trial here Testify
Letter to Frank Emi from Isamu (Sam) Horino (ddr-densho-122-462)
doc Letter to Frank Emi from Isamu (Sam) Horino (ddr-densho-122-462)
re: requirement to report for pre-induction physical, with envelope
Letter to Art Emi from Frank Emi (ddr-densho-122-490)
doc Letter to Art Emi from Frank Emi (ddr-densho-122-490)
Written from jail, includes list of resisters being sent to Leavenworth
Report on Selective Service cases at Heart Mountain (ddr-densho-122-431)
doc Report on Selective Service cases at Heart Mountain (ddr-densho-122-431)
Submitted to Director, FBI. Interviews conducted by Min Yasui and Joe Grant Masaoka
Letter to the Editor from Eji Suyama (ddr-densho-122-586)
doc Letter to the Editor from Eji Suyama (ddr-densho-122-586)
re: "Japanese American History: The Heart Mountain Experience" symposium, personal information redacted
Letter from Min Tamesa to Uhachi Tamesa (ddr-densho-122-807)
doc Letter from Min Tamesa to Uhachi Tamesa (ddr-densho-122-807)
RE: indictment for aiding and abetting the Heart Mountain draft resisters and upcoming trial in August
Letter to James Omura from Frank Emi (ddr-densho-122-476)
doc Letter to James Omura from Frank Emi (ddr-densho-122-476)
Written after Omura was forced from Rocky Shimpo with news of the upcoming trial in Cheyenne
Letter to Frank Emi from Ben Wakaye from jail in Cheyenne (ddr-densho-122-477)
doc Letter to Frank Emi from Ben Wakaye from jail in Cheyenne (ddr-densho-122-477)
Written as Wakaye was being transferred to Leavenworth Prison after trial
doc "The Return of the Fair Play Committee to Los Angeles" (ddr-densho-122-876)
Script of presentation about the history of resistance movement and activities of the Fair Play Committee
Transcription of 4 letters from Kozie Sakai to Frank Emi (ddr-densho-122-455)
doc Transcription of 4 letters from Kozie Sakai to Frank Emi (ddr-densho-122-455)
Transcriptions of letters, objects ddr-densho-122-451, -452, -453, -454. Including comments and questions related to material in the letters.
Correspondence between Arthur Emi and A.L. Wirin (ddr-densho-122-441)
doc Correspondence between Arthur Emi and A.L. Wirin (ddr-densho-122-441)
Retaining Wirin as attorney for the Heart Mountain resisters, fees and trial progress
Interview with Jack Tono (ddr-densho-122-538)
doc Interview with Jack Tono (ddr-densho-122-538)
Transcript of taped interview, unknown interviewer, prison life, how the FPC formed, post-war life
Front page of Wyoming Eagle (ddr-densho-122-787)
doc Front page of Wyoming Eagle (ddr-densho-122-787)
Article: Japs Say They Refused to Report for Army Because 'Rights Were Taken Away', including photo of defense attorneys Samuel Menin and Clyde Watts
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