Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (69)
Draft resistance (343)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

343 items
Gene Akutsu Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1000-1-32)
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Work detail at McNeil Island Penitentiary; imprisoned for resisting the draft
Gene Akutsu Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-1-24)
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Impact of draft resistance on family: harsh response from Japanese American community contributes to Mother's suicide
Gene Akutsu Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-1-21)
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Reaction of the Japanese American community towards draft resisters
Gene Akutsu Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-1-12)
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Deciding to resist the draft: discussion of answers to the so-called "loyalty questions," and preparing for death
Gene Akutsu Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-1-33)
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Visitors at McNeil Island Penitentiary; imprisoned for resisting the draft
Gene Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-1-29)
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Attitude towards those who volunteered for enlistment in the military
Gene Akutsu Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-1-17)
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Awaiting trial for resisting the draft in county jail: physical deterioration and poor living conditions
Gene Akutsu Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-1-16)
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Court appointed lawyer says, "You're on your own, boy"
Gene Akutsu Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-1-19)
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Family's "stop order" status and restrictions on movement
Gene Akutsu Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-1-23)
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Starting over after leaving McNeil Island Penitentiary, resisting the draft
Gene Akutsu Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-1-31)
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Everyday life at McNeil Island Penitentiary after resisting the draft
Gene Akutsu Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-1-18)
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Memories of trial for draft resistance: a mockery of justice
Gene Akutsu Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-210-14)
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Revisiting McNeil Island fifty years after being incarcerated there
Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-278-20)
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Memories of draft resistance trial

Due to technical difficulties during the taping of this interview, the interviewer's voice is considerably louder than the narrator's. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those ...

Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-278-18)
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Being arrested for resisting the draft

Due to technical difficulties during the taping of this interview, the interviewer's voice is considerably louder than the narrator's. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are ...

Rick Sato Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-80-12)
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Understanding the position of the draft resisters: "you don't have to prove anything"
Akio Hoshino Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-26-10)
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Discussion of so-called "loyalty questions" and the decision to resist the draft
Akio Hoshino Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-26-11)
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A unique Japanese American attitude regarding one's time in county jail for resisting the draft
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