Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

Draft resistance (238)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

238 items
Art Hansen Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-122-23-26)
vh Art Hansen Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-122-23-26)
Talking with resisters postwar about their experiences

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Art Hansen Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-23-4)
vh Art Hansen Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-23-4)
Discussion of community treatment of draft resisters and the episode's place in historical context

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not ...

Kenji Goto Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-2-8)
vh Kenji Goto Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-2-8)
Feelings about draft resisters

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Frank Emi Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1002-9-13)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1002-9-13)
Reasons for joining the resisters' cause: "I felt so strongly about the injustice of it that I just had to do something"

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1002-6-8)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1002-6-8)
Brother's military service; being pardoned in 1947

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Clifford Uyeda Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-122-19-15)
vh Clifford Uyeda Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-122-19-15)
Reading and discussion of the 1990 Golden Gate resolution

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Ben Kuroki - Shige Kuroki Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-122-21-14)
vh Ben Kuroki - Shige Kuroki Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-122-21-14)
Preparing to testify at the resisters' trial: disagreeing, but understanding their point of view

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not ...

Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-9-5)
vh Dave Kawamoto Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-9-5)
Attending meetings of the Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-8-4)
vh Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-122-8-4)
Family's thoughts on decision to resist

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding ...

Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-8-5)
vh Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-8-5)
The decision to resist the draft: "Somebody had to say somethin'"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-8-7)
vh Yosh Kuromiya Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-8-7)
Thoughts on decision to resist the draft by taking a public stand

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, ...

Art Emi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-7-3)
vh Art Emi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-7-3)
Making the decision to help the Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Gloria Kubota Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-13-9)
vh Gloria Kubota Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-13-9)
Recollections of the Fair Play Committee Steering Committee meetings

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Roger Daniels Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-25-6)
vh Roger Daniels Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-25-6)
The role of the American Civil Liberties Union in the resistance movement

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, ...

Grace Kubota Ybarra Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-14-7)
vh Grace Kubota Ybarra Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-14-7)
Description of father, letters sent from prison

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Bill Hosokawa Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-26-3)
vh Bill Hosokawa Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-26-3)
Mike Masaoka and Minoru Yasui's positions on creating test cases
James Omura Interview I Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-4-7)
vh James Omura Interview I Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-4-7)
Writing about Heart Mountain's Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-20-8)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-20-8)
Ineligible for the draft, yet choosing to resist on principle

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Jim Akutsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-122-12-2)
vh Jim Akutsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-122-12-2)
Forms of resistance: "repatriation" strategy

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding the ...

Jim Akutsu Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-122-12-13)
vh Jim Akutsu Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-122-12-13)
Thoughts on members of Heart Mountain's Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Frank Emi Interview I Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-5-6)
vh Frank Emi Interview I Segment 6 (ddr-densho-122-5-6)
Refuting accusations about activities while on the Fair Play Committee

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1016-4-5)
vh Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1016-4-5)
Impact of draft resistance

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Gene Akutsu Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-1-12)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-1-12)
Deciding to resist the draft: discussion of answers to the so-called "loyalty questions," and preparing for death
Gene Akutsu Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-1-23)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-1-23)
Starting over after leaving McNeil Island Penitentiary, resisting the draft
Gene Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-1-29)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-1-29)
Attitude towards those who volunteered for enlistment in the military
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