Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

Draft resistance (238)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

238 items
Gene Akutsu Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-1-19)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-1-19)
Family's "stop order" status and restrictions on movement
Rick Sato Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-80-12)
vh Rick Sato Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-80-12)
Understanding the position of the draft resisters: "you don't have to prove anything"
Jim Akutsu Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-2-39)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-2-39)
A jury instructed to find a guilty verdict in draft resistance trial

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-2-34)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-2-34)
Becoming angry and demanding better conditions in camp: the impact of Tule Lake residents moving into Minidoka

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-2-40)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-2-40)
Communicating with other draft resisters from Heart Mountain

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-278-18)
vh Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-278-18)
Being arrested for resisting the draft

Due to technical difficulties during the taping of this interview, the interviewer's voice is considerably louder than the narrator's. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this ...

Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-278-20)
vh Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-278-20)
Memories of draft resistance trial

Due to technical difficulties during the taping of this interview, the interviewer's voice is considerably louder than the narrator's. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material ...

Pacifc Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 22 (June 3, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-22)
doc Pacifc Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 22 (June 3, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-22)
Select article titles: "Nisei Pentagon Official Pays Tribute to 442" (p. 1); "Nisei conscientious objector of WW2 who served in prison re-enfranchised" (p. 1); "Sanjo area adds Oriental voice on anti-poverty board" (p. 1); "Death threat against autopsy surgeon in Deadwyler case made if officer who killed Negro motorist is released" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 5 (August 31, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 5 (August 31, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-30)
Select article titles: "No. Cal-Western Nevada-Pacific JACL Director Retires After 15 Years"(p.1); "JACL HQ Rebuts Uyeda's 'Accusations'"(p.1); "What's Wrong With Being a Bridge to Japan? Nisei Have a Vested Interest in Its Well-Being"(p.5); "Two Years Ago on Aug. 10, President Reagan Sets Government Motion for Apology and Redress ...
Letter from James Albert
doc Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Kay and George Kida (ddr-one-3-73)
Letter and envelope from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Kay and George Kida in Nyssa, Oregon dated February 26, 1944. In the letter he gives advice about avoiding the draft by failing the physical examination. Says that if George does not pass the physical examination he will be put back in 4A classification. Mentions that he ...
George Koshi Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1008-1-30)
vh George Koshi Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1008-1-30)
Thoughts on the draft resisters

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1002-11-21)
vh Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1002-11-21)
Investigated by the FBI as a result of pro-resister editorials in the Rocky Shimpo

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically ...

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
Deciding to resist the draft registration; memories of the "segregation" period in Tule Lake concentration camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection ...

Clifford Uyeda Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-19-18)
vh Clifford Uyeda Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-19-18)
The effects of both the resistance movement and the World War II actions of the JACL on Japanese American identity today

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews ...

Sam Horino Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-6-8)
vh Sam Horino Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-6-8)
Discussion of the Fair Play Committee bulletins

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding ...

Fred Hirasuna Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-29-3)
vh Fred Hirasuna Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-29-3)
Feelings on the views of the Heart Mountain resisters

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

Fred Hirasuna Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-29-8)
vh Fred Hirasuna Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-29-8)
Opinion that the resisters of conscience were "harming the cause of the entire group"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life ...

James Omura Interview I Segment 19 (ddr-densho-122-4-19)
vh James Omura Interview I Segment 19 (ddr-densho-122-4-19)
Accusations of disloyalty by the Japanese American Citizens League

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 13 (ddr-densho-122-20-13)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 13 (ddr-densho-122-20-13)
Thoughts on Ben Kuroki's visit to Heart Mountain

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-20-7)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-20-7)
Reaction to the government's institution of the military draft, holding a rally

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories ...

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