Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (69)
Draft resistance (343)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

343 items
Letter to group, in care of David Ishii, from Frank Chin (ddr-densho-122-194)
doc Letter to group, in care of David Ishii, from Frank Chin (ddr-densho-122-194)
Notes on speakers and reactions to speakers on resisters in Wyoming, potential production projects related to resistance. Personal information redacted.
Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1016-4-4)
vh Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1016-4-4)
Making the decision to resist the draft

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1016-4-6)
vh Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1016-4-6)
Rebuilding life after serving time in jail for resisting the draft

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1016-4-5)
vh Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1016-4-5)
Impact of draft resistance

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Kenji Goto Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-2-8)
vh Kenji Goto Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-2-8)
Feelings about draft resisters

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Eiichi Edward Sakauye Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1005-3-16)
vh Eiichi Edward Sakauye Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1005-3-16)
Thoughts on the draft resistance issue and Ben Kuroki's visit to Heart Mountain
George Koshi Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1008-1-30)
vh George Koshi Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1008-1-30)
Thoughts on the draft resisters

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Frank Emi Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1002-9-14)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1002-9-14)
An act of defiance: threatening to walk out of camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1002-9-13)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1002-9-13)
Reasons for joining the resisters' cause: "I felt so strongly about the injustice of it that I just had to do something"

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1002-9-12)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1002-9-12)
The resisters' story: experiences in jail, the trial of sixty-three

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1002-9-18)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1002-9-18)
Talking about resister status postwar; discussion of principles involved in becoming a resister

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1002-9-16)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1002-9-16)
Not feeling too affected by resister status later in life

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1002-9-20)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1002-9-20)
Reflections: pardoned in 1947; thoughts on the American justice system

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-9-15)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-9-15)
Description of trial: found guilty and sent to jail

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1002-9-19)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1002-9-19)
Meeting some "interesting characters" while spending time in jail

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1002-11-21)
vh Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1002-11-21)
Investigated by the FBI as a result of pro-resister editorials in the Rocky Shimpo

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are ...

Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1002-11-23)
vh Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1002-11-23)
Acquitted of government's charges; returning to Denver, Colorado

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1002-11-22)
vh Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1002-11-22)
Arrested and put in jail along with the Heart Mountain resisters

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life ...

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
Deciding to resist the draft registration; memories of the "segregation" period in Tule Lake concentration camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1002-6-8)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1002-6-8)
Brother's military service; being pardoned in 1947

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1002-6-7)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1002-6-7)
Description of trial: convicted and sentenced to three years in prison

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life ...

George Hanada Interview Segment 8 (ddr-jamsj-2-5-8)
vh George Hanada Interview Segment 8 (ddr-jamsj-2-5-8)
Thoughts on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" and draft resisters

This interview was conducted by the Japanese American Museum of San Jose, and is part of a project entitled "Lasting Stories: The Resettlement of San Jose Japantown," a collaborative project between the Japanese American Museum of San Jose and Densho.

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