Draft resistance

In 1944 the government reinstated the draft for Japanese Americans after suspending it in 1942 and began drafting men directly from the camps. This action angered many. At Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, resistance took the form of an organized movement calling itself the Fair Play Committee. Members demanded that their rights as citizens be restored before enlisting in the military. Eventually, sixty-three men from Heart Mountain refused induction and were sentenced to prison terms for draft evasion. In the other camps, disparate individuals made the decision to resist the draft. After being unfairly incarcerated for almost two years, they saw the draft as the final injustice. Ultimately, 267 men from all the concentration camps were convicted of evading the draft and most served time in prison. President Truman pardoned all of the resisters in 1947.

Draft resistance (238)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Draft resistance, Frank Emi, Gordon Hirabayashi, No-No Boy (book)

238 items
Frank Emi Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-20-18)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-122-20-18)
Serving time in the Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding ...

Art Hansen Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-122-23-25)
vh Art Hansen Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-122-23-25)
The emergence of the resisters' story

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding the ...

George Hanada Interview Segment 8 (ddr-jamsj-2-5-8)
vh George Hanada Interview Segment 8 (ddr-jamsj-2-5-8)
Thoughts on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" and draft resisters

This interview was conducted by the Japanese American Museum of San Jose, and is part of a project entitled "Lasting Stories: The Resettlement of San Jose Japantown," a collaborative project between the Japanese American Museum of San Jose and Densho.

Akio Hoshino Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-26-10)
vh Akio Hoshino Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-26-10)
Discussion of so-called "loyalty questions" and the decision to resist the draft
Akio Hoshino Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-26-11)
vh Akio Hoshino Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-26-11)
A unique Japanese American attitude regarding one's time in county jail for resisting the draft
Jim Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-2-25)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-2-25)
A growing anger over conditions in camp plants seeds of resistance

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Jim Akutsu Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-2-36)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-2-36)
Seeking advice on fighting the draft from Min Yasui

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-130-16)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-130-16)
Feeling shocked and hurt upon hearing "guilty" verdict in draft resistance trial, sentenced to three years in prison
Akio Hoshino Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-26-12)
vh Akio Hoshino Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-26-12)
Description of McNeil Island Penitentiary, Washington; imprisoned for resisting the draft
Jim Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-2-29)
vh Jim Akutsu Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-2-29)
Personal response to the so-called "loyalty questions"

Interview was conducted over two days because of delays caused by technical difficulties.

Gene Akutsu Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-1-17)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-1-17)
Awaiting trial for resisting the draft in county jail: physical deterioration and poor living conditions
Gene Akutsu Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-1-16)
vh Gene Akutsu Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-1-16)
Court appointed lawyer says, "You're on your own, boy"
Gene Akutsu Interview I (ddr-densho-1000-1)
vh Gene Akutsu Interview I (ddr-densho-1000-1)
Nisei male. Born September 23, 1925, in Seattle, Washington. Spent prewar childhood in Seattle's Nihonmachi. Incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Refused to participate in draft, imprisoned at McNeil Island Penitentiary, Washington, for resisting the draft. Resettled in Seattle. Mr. Akutsu passed away on October 6, 2011.
Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-107-28)
vh Frank Yamasaki Interview I Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-107-28)
Feelings upon being sentenced to prison for draft resistance: "it was a nightmare"
Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-428-10)
vh Ken Yoshida Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-428-10)
Picked up and taking to a county jail for refusing draft order

This interview is incomplete. It ends after the first hour of taping, when Mr. Yoshida is describing serving time at the road camp for resisting the draft. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National ...

Grant Ujifusa Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-133-16)
vh Grant Ujifusa Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-133-16)
Discussion of the controversy between World War II veterans and resisters
Letter from James Albert
doc Letter from James Albert "Al" Johnson to Kida family (ddr-one-3-70)
Addition to the previous letter dated February 8, 1944. From James Albert "Al" Johnson to the Kida family. More advice to George about the draft examination. To see full letter please see ddr-one-3-69.
Frank Emi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1002-9-20)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1002-9-20)
Reflections: pardoned in 1947; thoughts on the American justice system

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Frank Emi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-9-15)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-9-15)
Description of trial: found guilty and sent to jail

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily ...

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